Architects

 

The people who built Brighton and Hove: C

     
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C   local associations
¶ plaque | bold HE listed | italic: demolished
CACHEMAILLE-DAY, Nugent Francis Cachemaille
1896-1976
Architect.
      Chief assistant to H S Goodhart-Rendel after training at the Architectural Association. With Louis de Soissons he was involved in planning Welwyn Garden City, as was Felix James Lander, with whom was in partnership from 1928 to 1936. Thereafter he concentrated on building churches, several of the many in Sussex. He moved to Brighton in 1959.
WORK
No local work identified.

PERSONAL
7 Chesham Street [residence 1964-1976]
CANE, Thomas
1830-1905
Thomas CaneBuilder.
      Born in Brighton, son of an agricultural labourer. Journeyman carpenter (1851), developing his business as a builder; in 1861 he employed eight carpenters, four bricklayers and seven labourers, building churches designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott. He was a member of the Sussex Archaeological Society in the 1860s. In 1867 he was also at High Street, Lindfield. By 1871 he had moved to Cuckfield as an architect and surveyor, still with an office in Brighton, prior to emigrating to New Zealand in 1873.
WORK
Holy Trinity, Blatchington Road (1862-1864)
2-3 Paston Place (1870)

PERSONAL
22 Upper North Street [lodging at his aunt's house 1851]
8 Bath Street [residence 1861]
31 Frederick Place [1856-1867]
4 Bartholomews [1868-1872]
CARDEN, Alfred
1850-1932
Alfred CardenArchitect and surveyor.
      Born in Brighton. Architect and surveyor's assistant (1881).
WORK
2-34 (even) Belton Road (1890-1893)
Grand Concert Hall, 78 West Street (alterations 1891, demolished 2021)
80 Maldon Road (1892)
38 Florence Road (1893)
147-151 (odd) Ditchling Road (1893)
178 Tivoli Crescent North (1893)
20, 22 Rugby Road (1894)
9-23 (odd) Belton Road (1896)
Ranmore (196), New Church Road (1896)
45 Preston Park Avenue (1899)
49, 51 Bonchurch Road (1900)
2-3 Cannon Street (1904)
• detached villa on north side of New Church Road (1905)
• 2 houses in Osborne Road (1910)
Coronation Cinema, 104 North Road (1911)
Hove Cinematograph Theatre, 1 Western Road, Hove (1911)

PERSONAL
65 Gloucester Road [residence 1851-95]
15 Ship Street [practice 1890]
75-76 North Street [practice 1911-12]
2 Hartington Villas [residence 1899]
25 Wilbury Avenue [residence 1901)
44 Southdown Avenue [residence 1911-1929]
205 Western Road [practice 1915]
CAREW, John Edward
c1785-1868
John CarewIrish sculptor.
      His principal patron was George Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egremont. He moved his studio to Brighton in 1831. Noted for sculptures at Petworth House, the bronze relief of the death of Nelson for Nelson's Column.
WORK
St John the Baptist Church, Bristol Road (Baptism of Christ, 1835, and memorial to Rev Edward Cullen, 1850)

PERSONAL
9 Bloomsbury Place [residence 1832-34]
Caröe & Partners Architects.
      Founded by Alban Douglas Rendell Caröe, son of the Danish consul at Liverpool and a former pupil of J L Pearson, and Aubyn Peart Robinson, this was the firm in which Eric Gill began to train as an architect in 1900. Caroe's son Martin Caroe (1933-1999) continued the firm after this father's death in 1991.
WORK
Chapel Royal, North Street (repairs, 1992)
CARPENTER, Richard Cromwell
1812-1855
CARPENTER, Richard Herbert
1841-1893
Richard Cromwell Carpenter. Architect.
      Educated at Charterhouse School, during his articles as an architect he was an enthusiast for Gothic styles. He designed his first church c1841 and was introduced by Augustus Pugin to the Cambridge Camden Society, which supported high-church tractarian principles. The work he began on Lancing College in 1848 was not under construction until the year before his early death. He also designed Hurstpierpoint College in 1851 and was consulting architect to Chichester Cathedral.
R H CarpenterRichard Herbert Carpenter [right]. Architect.
      Son of R C Carpenter, he too attended Charterhouse School. He started work as an architect with his late father's partner, William Slater, and completed some of his father's work and designed the chapel at Lancing College. He formed a partnership with Benjamin Ingelow from 1872.
WORK (R C Carpenter)
St Paul's Church, West Street (1846-48)
All Saints Church, Compton Avenue (1853, demolished 1957)
Church of St Nicholas of Myra, Church Street (restoration 1853-54)
WORK (R H Carpenter)
St Paul's Church, West Street (extended 1876)
Church of the Holy Resurrection, Russell Street (1876, closed 1908, demolished 1968)
As CARPENTER & INGELOW
St Leonard's Church, New Church Road
CARTER, John
1861-1940
Builder and surveyor.
Born in Brighton, the son of a painter and paperhanger.
WORK
Riding school for Sassoon, St George's Road (1887)
112-116 (even) Queen's Park Road (1893)
142, 144 Queen's Park Road (1899)
4-16, 24-28 (even) Walpole Road (1899-1901)
3-9 (odd), 17, 19, 44, 46 Belle Vue Gardens (1899, 1902)
PERSONAL
13 Chichester Street [childhood residence 1861] now Kingsbury Street
11 St George's Road [childhood residence 1862-1869]
35 St George's Road [1870-1940]
Carter, John & Son Building firm.
Family business founded by John Carter. His daughter Winifred was the company clerk (1911).
WORK
Riding school for Sassoon, St George's Road (1887)
112-116 (even) Queen's Park Road (1893)
142, 144 Queen's Park Road (1899)
4-16, 24-28 (even) Walpole Road (1899-1901)
3-9 (odd), 17, 19, 44, 46 Belle Vue Gardens (1899, 1902)
PERSONAL
35 St George's Road [office 1890-1960]
[22-]24 Bloomsbury Street [works 1890-1960] 22 from 1897
30 Sloane Street [1897]
CATHCART, Archibald Barron
1879-1950
CATHCART, Stuart Barron
1910-1971
Archibald B Cathcart. Civil engineer.
      Born in Broughty Ferry, Angus, son of a merchant, he grew up in Ilfracombe and was educated at King's College and the Regent Street Polytechinic. He worked in Ilfracombe (1900-1904) and Paddington (1904-1907) before becoming deputy waterworks engineer in Nottingham from 1907. He came to Brighton as the borough waterworks engineer in 1922 and was responsible for the new pumping station at Patcham. He was also consulting engineer to Lewes Water Company and others.MInstCE 1907. He died at 10 Eaton Gardens, Hove and left £15,867 1s 8d.
S B Cathcart. Architect.
      Son of Archibald B Cathcart, born in Lenton, Nottinghamshire. He was educated at Brighton College, where he had been in the OTC, and was appointed a 2nd lieutenant in the Territorial Army Royal Artillery. He was in private practice and later became Deputy Borough Architect in Brighton.
PERSONAL
47 Preston Drove [residence 1924-1930]
Reston, 54 Surrenden Road [residence 1931-1950]
PERSONAL (Stuart B)
47 Preston Drove [residence 1924-1930]
Reston, 54 Surrenden Road [residence 1931-1939]
5 Eastfield Crescent [residence 1949-1960]
100 Ladies Mile Road [residence 1961-1971]
CAWTHORN, Frank Thomas
1856-1942
Architect and surveyor.
      Born in Greenwich, son of a lodging house keeper. Architect's draughtsman (1881). Partner in Scott & Cawthorn until Scott's death in 1895. LRIBA 1925. He never married. Left £13,093 1s 1d.
WORK
Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Washington Street
St Agnes' Church, Newtown Road [1903, attrib. but unlikely. See A G Humphrey]
Park View PH, 71 Preston Drove (1899)
Church of St John, Carlton Hill (restoration, 1919)

> See also Scott & Cawthorn

PERSONAL
56a Marine Parade [childhood home 1871]
11 College Road [family residence, 1881]
91 Freshfield Road [family residence, 1891]
170 North Street [practice 1910-18]
57 Freshfield Road [residence 1899-1933, deathplace]
CDMS Architects Architects.
      Initials stand for Camillin Denny Morton Scarr.
WORK
New England House, New England Road (reconfiguration)
St Stephen's Hall, Montpelier Place (restoration/conversion, 2010/11)
CHADWELL, Henry Sr
1836-1906
CHADWELL, Henry Jr
1858-1936
CHADWELL, Alfred
1860-1938
CHADWELL, Charles
1862-1932
CHADWELL, Herbert
1863-1923
CHADWELL, William James
1865-1930
Family of builders and developers.
Henry Chadwell Sr. Carpenter, builder
      Born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, son of a licensed victualler. He came to Hove during the boom building period of the 1870s and employed 12 men in 1881. In the early 1890s he ran a boarding/lodging house in Regency Square. He joined the Adur masonic lodge in 1895. By 1901 he had moved to Cowden in Kent and become a farmer. His address at his death was nearby back in Sussex at Huntsmoor [Farm], Hurstpierpoint. He left £8,571 18s 7d.
Henry Chadwell Jr. Carpenter, builder, developer.
      Born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, eldest son of Henry Chadwell Sr. in 1891 he was living and working in Camberwell, London near his brother Charles. He died in Worthing.
Alfred Chadwell. Carpenter, builder, developer.
      Born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, second son of Henry Chadwell Sr. His spouse, Alice Rebecca Jenkins, had the same address in Waldegrave Road as Henry at the time of their marriage in 1896. He joined the Adur masonic lodge in 1898. His son, Corporal Frederick Henry (Sonnie). died aged 19 in July 1919 of a disease contracted on active service. Alfred died at 16 Riding House Street, London and in buried in his son's grave in Hove Cemetery.He left £15,388 8s 2d.
Charles Chadwell. Carpenter, developer.
      Born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, third son of Henry Chadwell Sr. In 1891 he was living and working in Camberwell, London near his brother Henry.
Herbert Chadwell. Bricklayer.
      Born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, fourth son of Henry Chadwell Sr. His wife was a laundress on her own account in a street full of laundries (1899). He joined the territorial army in November 1914. (His son, Signalman Herbert Frederick, joined the RNVR and was drowned aged 19 after his ship was in a collision in October 1918.) He was buried at St Philip's Church, Aldrington.
William James Chadwell. Carpenter, builder, developer, publican.
      Born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, fifth son of Henry Chadwell Sr. He joined the Burrell masonic lodge in 1899 as a builder and became landlord of the Stirling Arms from 1899 until his death. He left £8,091 10s 9d.
WORK (Alfred)
4, 6, 8 New Church Road (1904)
• 3 detached houses in Aymer Road (1911)
WORK (William)
117-147 Mointgomery Street (1899)
. . . more to follow


PERSONAL (Henry Sr and family as relevant)
3 Connaught Road [family residence 1881]
39 Regency Square [residence 1891-1896]
114 Waldegrave Road [1897]
170 Westbourne Street [1898]
PERSONAL (Henry Jr)
46 Portland Road [1897-1899]
3 Lucerne Road [1898]
68 Rutland Road [residence 1901-1909]
28 Ruskin Road [residence 1910-1920]
PERSONAL (Herbert)
20 Arthur Street [residence 1891-1899]
65 Byron Street [1908]
4 Grange Road [residence 1909-1910]
41 Grange Road [residence 1912-1923]
PERSONAL (Alfred)
54 Cowper Street [lodgings 1891]
88 Waldegrave Road [residence 1896]
103 Portland Road [1898]
7-8 Mortimer Road [1899]
13 Mortimer Road [1901-1919]
136 Sackville Road [residence 1898]
130 Sackville Road [residence 1901]
Iver House, Leighton Road [1901-1909]
Inglefield, 97 Old Shoreham Road [1911-1919]
97 Blatchington Road [1920-1928]
5 Hove Street [business 1929-1935]
23 (3?) Lawrence Road [residence 1930-1934]
57 Lawrence Road [residence 1938]
PERSONAL (Charles)
1 Tamworth Road [1899]
15 Mortimer Road [1911]
PERSONAL (William)
54 Cowper Street [lodgings 1891]
1 Sheridan Road [1898]
170 & 176 Westbourne Street [1899]
Stirling Arms, 3 Stirling Place [1899-1930]
CHAMBERS, Paul Bell
1865-1930
Architect.
      Born at Bowden, Cheshire. He spent some years in Buenos Aires, Argentina, joining St John's masonic lodge there in July 1899. He returned to England in 1926. His brother Fane Bell Chambers was also an architect, working in Chelsea in 1911.
WORK
No work identified so far.

PERSONAL
15 Ship Street [1890-1891]
CHAMPNEYS, Walpole
1879-1961
Artist and designer.
      Notable for colour schemess for art-deco-period places of entertainment. including the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon.
WORK
Regent Cinema, Queen's Road [interiors, 1921]
CHANTREY, Sir Francis Leggatt RA
1781-1841
Francis Leggatt ChantreySculptor.
      Noted for portrait busts and statues. Knighted in 1835. He left the bulk of his estate to the trustees of the Royal Academy; the Chantrey Bequest was the main source of funds for acquisitions by the Tate Gallery until the 1920s.
Portrait: Henry Bone, 1831, after John Jackson
WORK
Statue of George IV, Church Street (1822)
Bust of George IV, Royal Pavilion (1822)
CHAPMAN, William
Architect and surveyor. WORK
No work identified so far.

PERSONAL
3 Abbey Road [1899]
CHAPPELL, John Thomas
1838-
Builder, contractor and brick-maker.
      Born in Harrow, Middlesex, son of a bricklayer, he himself became a bricklayer, living in High Street, Steyning (1861). In 1866 he also has a steam saw mill in Steyning, which he still had in 1880, by which time his business was in Lupus Street, Pimlico and Grosvenor Road, London. Builder employing about 600 men (1881). Member of the Royal Brunswick Masonic Lodge in Brighton. He moved to Chelsea, London probably c1884. By 1901 he was a brick and tile manufacturer in Fareham, Hampshire. He retired by 1911 and returned to Harrow-on-the-Hill.
WORK
Court House, Church Street (1868)
1 Grand Avenue (1871-74, now King's House)
8 Third Avenue (1881)
St Matthew's Church, Sutherland Road (1881, demolished 1967)
Hove Town Hall, Church Road (1882, destroyed by fire 1966)
Hove General Hospital, Sackville Road (1887-88) [now Tennyson Court flats]
King's Gardens, Kingsway (c1890)

PERSONAL
9 St Michael's Place [residence 1871-80]
25 First Avenue [residence 1881-83]
CHAPPELL, Lewis
1815-1891
Carpenter and joiner, surveyor.
      Born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, son of a carpenter, he followed the same trade, progressing to being a builder's foreman by 1881 and then the status of surveyor by 1882. For some years he lived next door to the Cheesmans, suggesting an association. He left Brighton c1886 and died in Tooting.
WORK
No work identified so far.

PERSONAL
84 Gloucester Lane (Road) [residence 1851]
74 Gloucester Lane (Road) [residence 1861]
35 Kensington Street [residence 1867-1881]
15 Ship Street [practice 1882-1885]
105 Ditchling Rise [residence 1882-1886]
CHAPPLE, John Starling
1840-1922
Architect.
      Born in Exeter. Assistant to William Burges from 1859 and clerk of works. He completed the interior decoration of St Michael & All Angels after Burges' death.
WORK
St Michael and All Angels, Victoria Road (interior decoration, 1881-)
CHEESMAN (-CHILDRENS), George Snr
1789-1866
CHEESMAN, George Jr
1814-1882
George Cheesman Sr. Master builder.
      He was known as George Cheesman, Childrens being his grandmother's maiden name incorporated in his father's surname. In 1861 he employed 190 men and boys. Also described as an architect and surveyor. Father of George Cheesman [qv], Charles Cheesman (1817-1865) and Thomas Cheesman (1823-), who was also a builder. He was in business with Charles as a coal merchant and ship owner until the business was bankrupt in 1854. His partnership with George Jr ended in 1855.
George Cheesman JrGeorge Cheesman Jr. Architect, surveyor, builder. [right]
      He retired to Tunbridge Wells, living off his property rents. He lived at St Florence, Pembrokeshire at the time of his death.
WORK (George Sr)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (1837, fire 1978)
The Old Vicarage, Temple Gardens (1834)
Grand Parade Chapel, Morley Street (1835, demolished 1938)
St Paul's Church, West Street (1844-1846)
St Ann's Church, Burlington Street (1862)
drainage and outfall, Brunswick Square and Brunswick Terrace (1862)
WORK (George Jr)
Sisters of Mercy Convent, Bristol Road (1873)

PERSONAL (George Sr)
Kensington Cottage, 34 Kensington Street [1841-64]
PERSONAL (George Jr)
21 Ship Street [1843]
3 Norfolk Road [1850-1859]
Cheesman & Freeman Brighton building firm.
      Successor to Cheesman & Son.
WORK
Drinking fountain, East Street (1860)
Cheesman & Son Brighton building firm.
      Partnership of the George Cheesmans Snr and Jr, which appears to have been dissolved c1855. See also Samuel Denman.
WORK
Church of St John the Evangelist, Carlton Hill (1840)
Percival Terrace (1845-1850)

PREMISES
30 (later 33) Kensington Street [1852-1869]
Cheesman & Sons
Cheesman & Co
Brighton building firm.
      Active from c1865.
WORK
Church of the Annunciation, Washington Street (extension, 1884)
Christian & Cowell Architects. WORK
No work identified so far.

PRACTICE
36 Duke Street [1899]
CLARKE, George Somers
1841-1926
Architect.
      Son of Brighton vestry clerk Somers Clarke. His family home was in Oriental Place. He trained with George Gilbert Scott. In 1876 he formed a partnership with John Thomas Micklethwaite. He was also an Egyptologist and built a house at El Kab. He died in Egypt. Not to be confused with George Somers Leigh Clarke (1822-1882), an architect who trained with Charles Barry. Despite the similar in their names, no family connection has been traced.
WORK
11 Dyke Road (former Swan Downer School) (1869)
22-24 North Street (rebuilding 1873)
6-9 Western Road, Brighton (1874)
Church of St Martin and St Wilfrid, Lewes Road (Wagner Memorial Church, 1873-75)
St Martin's Vicarage, Franklin Road, Brighton (1877)
St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place (heating chamber 1888; chancel extension 1900-1906)
RESTORATION
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (1870, and with J T Micklethwaite, 1888)
All Saints Church, Church Hill, Patcham (1875)
Church of St Nicholas of Myra, Church Street (1876, 1886)
WITH J T MICKLETHWAITE
Holy Trinity Chapel, Ship Street (remodelling, 1885-87)
Victoria Branch, Brighton & Hove Dispensary, Sackville Road (1887)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (restoration, 1888)
St Peter's Church, Holmes Avenue (restoration, 1891)

• PERSONAL
27 Oriental Place [childhood home]
CLARKE, George Somers Leigh
1822-1882
George Somers Leigh ClarkeArchitect.
      Born in Newington, London, he trained with Charles Barry. His practice was at 20 Cockspur Street, London. He came second in the competition to design Brighton College in 1848, losing to George Gilbert Scott, and was awarded a 30gns premium.
WORK
Blind Asylum, Eastern Road (1861)
CLAYTON, Charles Edward
1853-1923
CLAYTON, Charles Lawrence FRIBA
1892-1975
Charles Edward Clayton. Architect.
      Pupil of Thomas Simpson. Brighton-born son of Hollis Clayton, house agent and owner. Partner with George Holford in Holford & Clayton from 1876 to 1883 at 152 North Street (1876-1877). Founding partner in Clayton & Black. Architect to the Theatre Royal 1894-1920. His history of Hangleton was published in Sussex Archaeological Collections in 1886.
Charles Lawrence Clayton. Architect.
      Elder son of Charles E Clayton. Born in Brighton, he grew up in Edburton and later lived in Bolney (1939). ARIBA 1920. Became partner in Clayton & Black. Retired to Castlehyde, Co Cork, Ireland by the mid 1950s.
WORK
Empire Theatre of Varieties, 16-17 New Road [reconstruction 1896, later Court Cinema, Paris Cinema, etc, demolished 1967]
Duke of York's Cinema, Preston Circus (1910)
See also Clayton & Black


PERSONAL (CE Clayton)
14 Chatham Place [childhood home]
1 Roseneath Terrace [1875]
1 Powis Grove [1877-1878]
47 Shaftesbury Road [1881]
88 London Road [1882-1885]
20 Highcroft Villas [CE Clayton residence 1891]
CLAYTON, John Richard
1827-1913
John Richard ClaytonDesigner.
      Partner in Clayton & Bell. Trained as an architect under G G Scott, worked for him as a draughtsman before becoming an artist and designer. Designed the mosaics on the Albert Memorial.
Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Washington Street (glass, 1864)
Clayton & Bell Designers.
      Notable for stained glass. Partnership of J R Clayton and Alfred Bell, formed in 1857. Trained some of the leading glass designers of the period, including John Burlison, T J Grylls and C E Kempe and at one time employed 300 men. Led by Bell family descendants, the firm survived until 1993.
WORK
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (wall paintings, glass)
St Barnabas' Church, Byron Street (glass)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (glass)
St Mark's Church, Eastern Road (glass)
St Michael and All Angels, Victoria Road (glass)
St Margaret's Church, The Green, Rottingdean (glass)
Clayton & Black Architects and surveyors.
      Partnership of Charles E Clayton and Ernest Black, both of whom had been pupils of Thomas Simpson. Founded as Holford & Clayton in 1876 and joined by Black in 1882 as Holford, Clayton & Black. Holford left in 1883 and the firm subsequently took its present name. Later partners included their respective sons, Charles L Clayton and Kenneth E Black. By 1951 J R F Daviel joined the firm, although the name did not change for at least a couple of years.
    The firm created the Manor House (Pembroke) estate and the Vallance estate, including the Artists' Corner development to the west of Sackville Road.
WORK (selected)
Blenheim House, 56 Old Steine (remodelling 1875-76)
153-154 North Street (rebuild 1886)
St John's Home, 17 Walpole Road (1886, addition 1887) now St John's College
8-14 (even) Waldegrave Road (1889)
Gwydyr Mansions, Holland Road (1890)
St Barnabas vicarage, Sackville Road (1892)
99-109 (odd) Springfield Road (1892, 1893)
Theatre Royal, New Road (remodelling, 1894)
22, 28 Sackville Road (1895)
• 11 Detached and semi-detched houses on south side of Portland Road (1895-1896)
• 47 detached and semi-detached houses Pembroke Crescent (1895-98)
French Convalescent Home, De Courcel Road (1895-98)
gas cottage, Church Road (1896)
• 25 houses in Princep Road (1896-1900)
school and caretaker's lodge, 197 Portland Road (1897)
• Five new roads' later called Artists' Corner (layout, 1897)
• 16 houses in Landseer Road (1897-1901)
• 9 detached and semi-detached houses on the north side of Pembroke Crescent (1898-1901)
Hannington's Depository, Montefiore Road (1899-1904) now Montefiore Hospital, local list
• 19 houses in Poynter Road (1899-1904)
13 Sackville Road (1900)
140 Sackville Road (1900)
18 Sackville Road and 105 Pembroke Crescent (1900)
Capital & Counties Bank, North Street (1900) now Lloyds Bank
• 8 detached and semi-detached houses on the south side of Pembroke Crescent (1900-1901)
• 18 terraced houses in Frith Road (1901-1902)
Normanhurst, Birdhurst, Pembroke House, Pembroke Crescent (1902)
• 6 houses in Leighton Road (1902-1905)
• 5 houses in Agnes Street (1903)
Wick Hall, Furze Hill (remodelling, 1902; demolished 1935)
• four houses in 26-26a and six other houses in Franklin Road (1902-1903)
4, 6 Windlesham Avenue (1903)
18-22 Agnes Street (1903) 22 was a corner shop, now residential
Mission Hall, Stoneham Road Baptist Church (1903-1904; demolished 2008)
• four houses in Coronation Street (1903-1904)
Royal Asssurance Society, 163 North Street (1903-1904)
49 Pembroke Crescent (1904)
10 Prince Albert Street (remodelling, 1904)
• 8 and 7 houses (2-30?) in Seville Street (1904)
St Martin's Parish Room, Lewes Road (1905) Wagner Hall
Branch Tavern, London Road (rebuilding, 1905)
13 New Church Road (1905)
bus stables, Conway Street (alterations, motor shed, 1905)
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Davigdor Road (1906-1909, crypt 1900) now St Mary and St Abraam Coptic Orthodox Church
Union Church Institute, 13 Queen Square (1907)
Neptune Inn, 10 Victoria Terrace (remodelled 1908)
Electric bus garage and recharging station, Montague Place (1908)
council houses at 23-30 High Street, Kemp Town (1910)
Duke of York's Picture House, Preston Circus (1910)
Winter Garden, Palace Pier (1910) now Palace of Fun
Flag Court, Kingsway (1915, demolished 1938)
factory for the Standard Tablet and Pill Company, Hove Park Villas (1916-1917) now DuBarry Building
New Sussex Hospital (formerly Temple Heights), Temple Gardens (remodelling, 1921)
First Church of Christ Scientist, 97 Montpelier Road (extension and new facade, 1921) locally listed
National Provincial Bank, 155 North Street (1921-23) now Post & Telegraph PH
Imperial Arcade, Western Road (1923-24)
Hove Fire Station, Hove Street (1926, now offices)
Unigate dairy and bottling plant (1928-30, demolished c1987)
King and Queen, 14-16 Marlborough Place (remodelled 1931-32)
Norfolk Arms, 52 Grand Parade
Sussex Grill, Ship Street
Knoll Public Elementary School, Old Shoreham Road (1931-1932) now Knoll Business Centre
The Stadium Hotel, 253 Old Shoreham Road (1933)
Atlas Chambers, 33 West Street (1930s)
SS Brighton, West Street
Hove Manor flats, Hove Street (1940s)
Great Globe PH, Edward Street

PRACTICE
152 North Street [1884-1904]
10 Prince Albert Street [1904-1951]
Clayton, Black & Partners Firm of architects.
      The postwar name of the firm, with offices in Portsmouth and Tunbridge Wells as well as Brighton.
WORK
• No work identified so far. See other names.
Clayton, Black & Daviel Brighton firm of architects.
      Formed in the 1950s when J R F Daviel joined the firm. In 1958 the firm also had an office in Dartmouth Street, London.
WORK
Church of St Richard of Chichester, The Crossway, Hollingdean (1953)
Church of the Good Shepherd, Stanley Avenue, Mile Oak (1967)

PRACTICE
10 Prince Albert Street [1951-c1974]
> See also J R F Daviel
CLIFFORD, W B
Architect and surveyor. WORK
St James's Street (projections, 1824)

PERSONAL
23 Russell Place [1824]
COADE, Eleanor
1733-1821
Eleanor CoadeInventor, manufacturer.
      Developed a superior form of artificial stone after taking over the business of Daniel Pincot in Lambeth. Lithodipyra (meaning twice-fired stone), commonly called Coade stone, received a royal warrant from George III and the Prince Regent.
WORK
Royal Pavilion, Old Steine (statuary, mouldings)
St Nicholas' Church, Church Street (memorial)
Chapel Royal, North Street (royal coat of arms)
COATES, Wells Wintemute
1895-1958
Wells CoatesArchitect, designer and inventor.
      Born to Canadian methodist missionaries in Tokyo, he came to England soon after graduating at the University of British Columbia, having served as a gunner and then pilot in the Royal Air Force during the Great War. He established his own practice in 1928. A follower of Le Corbusier, his first important Modernist design was for the Isokon Building in Hampstead (1934), followed by Embassy Court (1935); he designed only one more apartment block. After war service, again in the RAF, he designed the Telekinema for the Festival of Britain, which became the National Film Theatre from 1952 until its relocation in 1957. He progressively returned to Canada and died in Vancouver, for which he designed a monorail rapid transit system. Some of his archive is at the University of East Anglia.
WORK
Embassy Court, King's Road (1934-35)
COLBRON, Harry Stiles
1791-1856
COLBRON, Joseph Parkin
1830-1913
Harry Stiles Colborn. Surveyor.
      Surveyor to the Brighton Town Commissioners and a coal merchant. He married Susanna Dorothy Pocock at St Nicholas Church in 1814. He was proprietor of 1-5 Hanover Terrace (Poll Book 1842).
Joseph Parkin Colborn. District surveyor.
      Born in Brighton, elder son of Harry S Colborn and baptised as a Wesleyan Methodist. He was the surveyor for West Hove Improvement Commissioners. An associate of the Institute of Civil Engineers 1867 and member of the St Cecicilia masonic lodge from 1880 but resigned in arrears in 1891. He left £2,148 16s 11d.
WORK (Harry)
Prince Albert Street (laying out, 1839, 1842)

PERSONAL (Harry)
23-24 Upper Rock Gardens [1832-1834]
28/21 Devonshire Place [1839-1848]
74 West Street [1856]
PERSONAL (Joseph)
4 Bond Street [practice 1856]
10 Osborne Street [1859]
11 Osborne Villas [1861]
2-3 Osborne Street, Cliftonville [1868-88]
38 Osborne Villas [1906-1913]
Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow Architectural practice.
      Partnership of John Duke Coleridge (qv), Paul Humphrey Coleridge (qv below), Frank Jennings and Mitrofan (Michael) Soimenow (1892-1976). The partnership was dissolved in 1935 and continued as Coleridge & Jennings.
WORK
Courtenay Gate (1934)
COLERIDGE, John Duke FRIBA
1879-1934
COLERIDGE, Paul Humphrey MC, FRIBA
1888-1955
John Duke Coleridge. Architect.
      In the firm of Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow (qv above). Son of a barrister and grandson of 1st Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary, a former Attorney General and Lord Chief Justice, he was the brother of Paul Humphrey Coleridge.
Paul Humphrey Coleridge. Architect.
      In the firm of Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow (qv above). Son of a barrister and grandson of 1st Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary, a former Attorney General and Lord Chief Justice, he was the brother of John Duke Coleridge.
COLES, Frank Alleyn
1866-1926
Architect.
      He joined the architects department of the London County Council in 1890. ARIBA 1892.
WORK
Church of St John the Baptist, Church Road (additions, 1906-07)
COLES, George
1884-1963
George ColesArchitect.
      Principally designed cinemas (Odeon) and department stores (British Home Stores) in the English Moderne (art deco) style. He designed the Rothbury Cinema among nearly 90 cinemas. He lived at Buck's Head, near Lower Beeding.
WORK
Rothbury Cinema, Franklin Road (1934) became a radio studio, now offices
COLLCUTT, Thomas Edward PRIBA
1840-1924
Architect.
      Joined the office of Brighton Borough Surveyor Philip Causton Lockwood in 1867, where he worked on the final stages of the original conversion of the Royal Stables into The Dome concert hall and Corn Exchange. He set up his own practice in London in 1869 and his main work—including the Savoy Hotel, the Palace Theatre and the Imperial Institute—was away from Brighton. He was president of the RIBA 1906-1908.
Image: Portrait by Arthur Stockdale Cope (c1908) [RIBA]
WORK
The Dome, Church Street (1867)
COLLINS, Alan
1928-2016
Sculptor.
      Graduated from the Royal College of Art in 1951. His work is mainly architectural, including carvings in Guildford Cathedral and in the USA.
WORK
Parish Church of St Nicholas, Saltdean Vale (statue, sedilia)
COLLINS, William
'Glassman'. WORK
St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place (glass)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (glass)
COMPER, Sir John Ninian
1864-1960
John Ninian ComperArchitect and designer.
      He spent a year with C E Kempe before becoming a pupil of G F Bodley.
Image: [© National Portrait Gallery]
WORK
St Mary Magdalene, Coldean Lane (reredos, part brought from St Anne's Church Eastbourne)
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Davigdor Road (pulpit, glass, 1909) now St Mary and St Abram Coptic Orthodox Church
Connell, Ward & Lucas Architectural firm.
      Partnership of Amyas Douglas Connell (1901-1980), his brother-in-law Basil Robert Ward (1902-1976)—both New Zealanders—and Colin Anderson Lucas (1906-1984), active between 1933 and 1939. Each worked individually and the firm's work in Saltdean is credited to Connell.
WORK
56 Wicklands Avenue, Saltdean (1934)
57 Wicklands Avenue, Saltdean (1934, demolished)
62 Wicklands Avenue, Saltdean (1934, demolished 1990s)
COOPER, Thomas
1792-1854
Builder and architect.
      Born in Marylebone, London, son of a Brighton builder. He returned to Brighton c1820.
WORK
Hanover Chapel, Church Street (attrib, 1825) [now part of Brighthelm, North Raod]
Trinity Independent Presbyterian (Mr Faithfull's) Chapel, Church Street (1825, now Côte restaurant)
Bedford Hotel, King's Road (1829, destroyed by fire 1964)
Brighton Town Hall, Bartholomews (1830-32)
St Mark's Church, Eastern Road (1840, attrib)

PERSONAL
52 Gloucester Lane [residence 1851]
Cooper & Lynn Architects. WORK
Royal Colonnade, New Road (1823; part remaining)
CORBET, Matthew Ridley
1850-1902
Matthew Ridley CorbetArtist.
      Studied at the Slade School of Art and then the Royal Academy Schools under Frederic Leighton.
Image: Portrait by John McLure Hamilton [© National Portrait Gallery]
WORK
St Nicholas' Church, Church Street (painted reredos)
CORNEY, H
Architect. WORK
111-112 St George's Road (1875)

PERSONAL
1 Victoria Place [1856-1859]
CORNFORD, John
1843-1899
Builder.
      Born in Shaftesbury, Dorset, son of a carpenter who was himself born in Henfield, Sussex. The family moved to Brighton in John's early childhood. He trained as a carpenter and still had that profession in 1871 but began building soon after.
PERSONAL
14 Jubilee Street [childhood residence 1861]
42 Over Street [residence 1871]
Upper Wellington Road (1876-77)
2 Upper Wellington Road [residence c1877-1899]
COX, Oliver
Stained and leaded glass craftsman.
      Partner in Cox and Barnard.
See Cox and Barnard.
COX, Thomas
-1873
Ecclesiastical tailor and stained glass craftsman.
Partner in Cox and Barnard.
WORK
St Andrew's Church, Church Road (glass).
Cox & Barnard Glass workers.
      Firm founded in 1919 by a Mr Loadsman in Blatchington Road, Hove but soon taken over after his death by former employees Oliver Cox and William Barnard, who moved the company to Old Shoreham Road. Leaded lights in doors and porches in housing of the inter-war years in the Nevill Road area are by the firm. The company has been at 56 Livingston Road, Hove since 1968.
WORK
St Mary's Catholic Church, Surrenden Road (glass)
Metropole Hotel, King's Road (glass, post-war)
Middle Street Synagogue (glass restoration)
Hove Town Hall, Church Road (glass canopy, destroyed by fire 1966)
St Nicolas' Church, Manor Hill, Portslade (glass, 1946)
St Philip's Church, New Church Road, Aldrington (glass, 1955, 1960)
St Andrew's Church, Colborne Avenue, Moulescoomb (glass, 1998)
Church of the Sacred Heart, Norton Road (glass, 2001)
CRAWLEY, John A
-1881
Architect.
      Partner of S J Hansom.
WORK
Church of the Sacred Heart, Norton Road (1880)
CREANE, Robert C E
1845-
Architect/civil engineer.
      Born in Co Kerry, Ireland. Living in Brighton in 1881 as a saddler and harness maker employing one man and a boy. Moved to Erith, Kent as public house manager (1891). Back in Brighton by the end of the decade, variously described as an architect and civil engineer.
PERSONAL
9 Preston Street [1881]
3 Rose Hill Terrace [1899-1907]
CRESSWELL, Albert
1843-1910
CRESSWELL, Henry
1845-1929
Albert Cresswell. Surveyor and builder.
      Born in Swanmore or Droxford, Hampshire; brother of Henry Cresswell.
Henry Cresswell. Builder.
      He employed 30 men and three boys (1881); tile, iron and marble dealer. Born in Swanmore, Hampshire; brother of Albert Cresswell.
WORK (Albert)
16 The Drive (The Gables) (1882)
WORK (Henry)
First Church of Christ Scientist, 97 Montpelier Road (extension and new facade, 1921)

PERSONAL (Albert)
6 Church Road [premises 1881]
59 Norton Road [premises 1882-84]
Lynton House, 25 Holland Road [residence 1891]
47 Wilbury Avenue [residence 1901]
PERSONAL (Henry)
18 Blatchington Road [residence 1881-91)
50 Cromwell Road [residence 1911-13]
Woodside, Lansdowne Road [residence 1918)
CREWE, Bertie
1892-1967
Bertie CreweArchitect.
      Specialist in theatres. In 1902 he completed the transformation of the former skating rink into the Hippodrome Palace of Varieties theatre begun by Frank Matcham the previous year.
WORK
Hippodrome, Middle Street [re-conversion 1902]
CRIBB, Herbert Joseph (Joe)
1892-1967
Carver and letter cutter.
      Born in Hammersmith, he became the first apprentice taken on by Eric Gill. He came with Gill to Ditchling after 1910, remained with the Guild of St Joseph and St Dominic after Gill's departure in 1924, responsible for all stonework until his death.
WORK
Allied Irish Banks, 20-22 Marlborough Place (reliefs)
Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road (inscription)
St John's Church, Carlton Hill (carving)
Church of the Ascension, Dene Vale, Westdene (communion table)
2-3 Pavilion Buildings (former Brighton & Hove Herald) (reliefs)
CROMIE, Robert F
1887-1971
Robert CromieArchitect.
      Specialist in cinemas and theatres.
WORK
Lido Cinema, Denmark Villas
157 Kingsway (1934-35)
CROSSLEY, W H
     
Builder.
PERSONAL
• 72 Waldegrave Road [1901]
CROUCH, Frederick Alfred
1890-1966
Architect.
      ARIBA 1912. His ashes were interred at St Leonard's Church, New Church Road. Little is know about his later life but his widow (d 1980) left £154,554. An address associated with him is 75 Portland Road, which was Crouch's Grocery Stores, but the connection is unclear.
WORK
82 Denmark Villas (conversion into flats (1912)
PERSONAL
Worcester Villas [1921-1966]
The Lodge, Leicester Villas [1921-1966]
CRUNDEN, John
c1741-1835
Architect.
      Sussex-born but worked in Hereford Street, London. He was buried at St George's, Hanover Square.
WORK
• Castle Hotel ballroom (1766), converted to Royal Chapel, moved and adapted as St Stephen's Church, Montpelier Place in 1852 [now First Base Day Centre].
CUBITT, Thomas
1788-1855
CUBITT, Lewis
1799-1883
Thomas Cubitt [below left]. Architect and master builder.
      Appenticed as a carpenter. Developed large housing estates, notably in Belgravia, Bloomsbury and Kemp Town.He designed Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and the east front of Buckingham Palace for Queen Victoria, who called him 'our Mr Cubitt'. He lived at 13 Lewes Crescent at the time of his death and left over £1m.
Lewis Cubitt [below right]. Architect.
      Younger brother of Thomas Cubitt, pupil of Henry Kendall Sr, whose daughter he married at St Nicholas' Church, Brighton. His main work was in the Belgravia and Bloomsbury districts of London.
Thomas Cubitt 
Images: left: Thomas Cubitt; right: Lewis Cubitt portrait by Sir William Boxall [© National Portrait Gallery]
WORK (Thomas Cubitt)
St George's Church, St George's Road
Eaton Place (1845-1855)
Belgrave Place (1848)
Chichester Terrace

PERSONAL
13 Lewes Crescent [Thomas's residence 1846-1855] plaque
5 Lewes Crescent [Lewis's residence, deathplace 1883]
CURTIS, Thomas Figgis
1845-1924
Stained glass designer/maker.
      He took over the firm Ward & Hughes after the death of his wife's relative, Henry Hughes.
See Curtis, Ward and Hughes
Curtis, Ward and Hughes Stained glass makers.
      Successor company to Ward & Hughes, led by T F Curtis, from 1883 until his death, when his daughter Ethel Kibblewhite (1873-1947) kept the firm going until 1930.
WORK
St Philip's Church, New Church Road [glass, 1894]
Church of St John the Evangelist, Preston Road [glass, 1902]
Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road [glass, 1920-22]
     

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Page updated 14 April 2024