Streets of Brighton & Hove


Guide to streets
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D Census districts lists references
D'Aubigny Road

¶ Round Hill conservation area (1-17 odd, 4-12 even).
Duc D'Aubigny was a French title inherited by the Duke of Richmond in 1860. Renumbered 20 April 18811.
      Lewes Road Station was at the corner with Richmond Road.
1ESRO DB/D/27/213
Dale Avenue, Patcham Named July 19281, numbered 23 May 19292. 1ESRO DB/D/27/270
2ESRO DB/D/27/147
Dale Drive, Patcham The road was constructed of concrete slabs laid by German prisoners-of-war.
Dale View, Patcham  
Dale View Gardens, Patcham  
Dallington Road, Hove Part of the Glen Estate. Road laid out on former allotments by George Burstow for J V Franklin1. ESRO DO/C/6/1573 (13 April 1897)
Danehill Road, Whitehawk Numbered 19 November 19591. 1ESRO DB/D/27/364
Darcey Drive  
Dartmouth Close, Lower Bevendean Cul-de-sac  
Dartmouth Crescent, Lower Bevendean Cul-de-sac  
Davey Drive, Hollingdean Alderman Henry Davey was mayor of Brighton in 1878-1880.
Davigdor Road, Hove The D'Avigdor family was linked to the Goldsmid family; in 1896 Osmond D'Avigdor, great-great-grandson of Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, adopted the surname D'Avigdor-Goldsmid when he inherited the baronetcy on the death of Sir Julian Goldsmid. (See also Palmeira.)
      Church of St Thomas the Apostle (now St Mary and St Abraham Coptic Orthodox Church) was the work of local architects Clayton & Black and opened in 1909 as the Church of St Thomas the Apostle. It closed as an Anglican church in 1993 and was reconsecrated for the Coptic faith by Pope Shenuda of Alexandria. A set of paintings of the Stations of the Cross by local artist Harry R Mileham was moved after the closure to St Mary's in St James's Street.
      Footpath to Nizells Avenue adjacent to the church was created in 19081.
      5 (D'Avigdor House) was the residence of Bertie Rex O'Bryen Hoare (1912-1947).
      12 (Windlesham Mansions) was built by T Garrett in 1907 as the Windlesham Club. It had its own bowling green. On the B&H local list.
1ESRO DO/C/6/3085
Dawlish Close, Bevendean Cul-de-sac  
De Courcel Road, Kemp Town From Arundel Road to Boundary Road. Baron de Courcel was the French Ambassador to the UK 1894-1898. (Quite interestingly, de Courcel is the maiden name of the wife of former French President Jacques Chirac.)
      French Convalescent Home was founded by Dr Achille Ventras to take convalescents from the French Hospital and Dispensary in Shaftesbury Avenue, London, soon becoming also a retirement home. The architects were Clayton and Black. The foundation stone was laid by Baron de Courcel on 5 October 1895 and the home was officially opened by him on 8 October 1898, although building continued until 1907. It was run by sisters of the Servants of the Sacred Heart religious order until 1987. The east wing was added in 1912. It closed in 1999 and, after being given Grade II listing in January 2000 to forestall demolition, was converted to residential use, known as the French Apartments.
De Montfort Road Simon de Montfort (c1208-1265) defeated and captured Henry III at Lewes in 1264. Renumbered 7 January 18861.
      1, now a private residence, was formerly the Emmanuel Full Gospel Church.
1ESRO DB/D/27/243
Deacons Drive, Portslade Built 1934.
Dean Close, Portslade
Dean Court Road, Rottingdean

¶ Rottingdean conservation area.
Numbered 27 March 19581.
      Tudor Close was developed by Charles Neville of the Saltdean Estate Company in the late 1920s as houses but almost immediately was converted into a hotel in imitation of a Tudor manor house. It became fashionable for a time, attracting even film stars like Bette Davis and Cary Grant. The hotel featured in the 1949 film The Adventures of Jane. It was converted back to houses and flats in the 1950s.
      1-9 and 16-29 are Grade II listed2.
      1,3,5 were converted in Tudorbethan style for residential use in the 1930s from buildings of the Manor or Court Farm.
      8, 10 are early 20th century examples of mock Tudor, probably pre-dating Tudor Close.
1ESRO DB/D/27/353
2HE 1380426
Dean Gardens, Portslade
Dean Street

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
Built 1820s. Numbering is sequential from the south-east corner.
      38 Brighton Beer Dispensary PH was a beer house known no later than 1867 as The Prince Arthur. The name changed c2013.
Dean's Close, Woodingdean Named and numbered 21 December 19541. 1ESRO DB/D/27/322
Deanway, Hove
Delfryn, Portslade Private road off Southon Close.
The Dene, Hove Short cul-de-sac.
Dene Court Avenue, Withdean Renamed Withdean Court Avenue 30 July 19361. 1ESRO DB/D/27/282
Dene Vale, Westdene Named 5 April 19381. Numbered 10 October 19392.
      Church of the Ascension is associated with All Saints, Patcham.
      †Newman's Barn stood on the north side, the site now occupied by a pavilion (now a nursery). It was conveyed to Brighton Corporation under a covenant to maintain the land as a public open space. During the Second World War, the adjoining stockyard (now playground) was requisitions by the East Sussex County War Agricultural Executive Commitee.3
1ESRO DB/D/27/40
2ESRO DB/D/27/58
3ESRO DB/A/1/143
Deneside, Westdene Numbered 7 February 19571. 1ESRO DB/D/27/ ???
Deneway, The, Withdean Numbered 26 March 19531. 1ESRO DB/D/27/308
Denis Road Name of St Leonard's Avenue when first laid out in 1909. 1ESRO DO/C/6/3251
Denmark Mews, Hove U-shaped private road off the west side of Denmark Villas.  
Denmark Road, Portslade  
Denmark Terrace Built late 1860s. Previously this was part of Montpelier Road.
      Brighton and Hove High School for Girls. Originally a domed mansion called The Temple, built for £15,000 in 1819—by A & A H Wilds—for Thomas Read Kemp in a then isolated position (until 1834). The house was so named because it was intended to be built to the same dimensions as King Solomon's Temple. Kemp lived there until October 1827, when it was put up for sale but rented from 1828 on a 21 year lease as a boys' school. It was eventually sold in 1842. The High School has occupied the building since 1880. The south-west wing was added, as inscribed, by the Girls Public Day School Company in 1891. The building and the walls to the south and east are Grade II listed1. (See also Norfolk Terrace.) Early Regency Society plaque to Thomas Read Kemp.
1HE 1389120, 1380427
Denmark Villas, Hove

¶ Denmark Villas conservation area (1-65 odd,2-56 even, including Granville Court).
¶ Hove Station conservation area (Ralli Hall, 58-86 even, shops/office block, 67-79 odd, land to rear of 51-79 odd).
Stanford land.
      1-13 were originally known as Hova Terrace1.
      49 Denmark House was at one time owned by the notorious Nicholas van Hoogstraten.
      †Lido Cinema was on the east side next to Hove Station. It was designed by Robert F Cromie (see also 137 Kingsway) and opened by the Hove mayor Councillor E J J Thompson on 6 May 1932, converted from a failed skating rink that had been built on the site of market gardens and a jam factory. Cliftonville Water Works was here in the 1870s. The skating rink was acquired by Odeon Cinemas in September 1939, renamed the Odeon on 30 July 1944 and closed on 18 February 1961. It was converted into a Top Rank bowling alley, which opened in July 1961 but was unable to survive against competition from the King Alfred bowling alley on Kingsway that opened at the same time. The building was sold in 1969 and demolished in 1970 to be replaced by a nondescript block of shops and flats that includes the Royal Mail delivery office.
      Ralli Memorial Hall was designed by architects Read and Macdonald and built by Chapman, Lowry and Puttock in 1913 as a community centre in memory of Stephen Augustus Ralli (1829-1902), head of the international merchant trading firm Ralli Brothers, by his wife. The foundation stone is dated 14 April 1913. The building is Grade II listed.
Dennis Hobden Close, Bevendean Built 2005 (?) on the site of the former Bevendean Hospital. Dennis Hobden (1920-1995) was MP for Brighton Kemptown 1964-1970, the first Labour member ever elected for a Sussex constituency, with a majority of seven votes in 1964.
Denton Drive, Patcham
Derby Place From 55 Edward Street to Carlton Hill. Number of properties in 1822: 31. A narrow street of poor housing built soon after 1800 and one of four such streets demolished in the slum clearance of the mid 1890s for the construction of White Street and Blaker Street.
      Grosvenor Cottages.
Derek Avenue, Hove
Desmond Way, Whitehawk Numbered April 1958 and 4 December 19581. 1ESRO DB/D/27/364
Devil's Dyke Road
Devonshire Place

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Under construction 18095. The 6th Duke of Devonshire lived in Lewes Crescent from 1828 to 1858. Number of properties in 1822: 25.
      10-11, attributed to Wilds and Busby c1825, are Grade II listed1.
      15 was the home of architectural draughtsman and artist Francis Arundale (1807-1853) and family (his wife was a portrait painter) from 1845. (See also 27½ East Street.)
      16-18, attributed to Wilds and Busby c1825, are Grade II listed8.
      36, attributed to Wilds and Busby c1825, is Grade II listed 6.
      37, 37A are Grade II listed 7.
      38-39 was a synagogue from 1824 until 1874, designed by Benjamin Bennett and enlarged in 1837 by David Mocatta and again in 1867. The building was sold off in 18762 . It is now remodelled behind the original façade and used for commercial purposes, most recently as a fitness club that closed in June 2004. Grade II listed3.
      40, 41, 41B, attributed to Wilds and Busby c1825, are Grade II listed9.
      42-43 and the lamppost in front are Grade II listed4.
1HE 1380428
3HE 1380432
4HE 1380434, 1380435
5Attree's Topography of Brighton, 1809:23
6HE 1380430
7HE 1380431
8HE 1380429
8HE 1380433
Devonshire Street See previous entry. 1851
Devonshire Terrace From 31½ Grosvenor Street to 19 Mount Pleasant. Small houses. 1851.
Dewe Road The land was given by then mayor John Blaker for some of the first council houses in Brighton. The design was open to competition among local architects, judged by the Sanitary Committee, and won by Thomas Garrett and W C F Gillam. William Tombs Dewé was a Brighton councillor and borough magistrate at the end of the 19th century. Numbered 4 September 19021. 1ESRO DB/D/27/77
Diamond Jubilee Terrace Opposite the Barracks, Lewes Road. Listed only in 18981 so obviously marking the diamond jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1897. 1To1898
Dinapore Place Former street between Richmond Street and Sussex Street, roughly opposite Newark Street, lost in redevelopment c.1960. Dinapore House in John Street is on part of the site. Dinapore (now Danapur) was a British military garrison in the district of Patna, India.
Dinapore Street Badly damaged by bombing during the Second World War. 1861
Ditchley Terrace Error for Ditchling Terrace? 1851
Ditchling Crescent, Hollingbury Numbered 22 February 19621. 1ESRO DB/D/27/403
Ditchling Gardens Bungalow development behind the east side of Ditching Road.
Ditchling Place Small 'back development' of six houses behind Hollingbury Road accessed via Ditchling Gardens.
Ditchling Rise       25 had the workshop of Alfred Darling in the yard at the rear until 1926, where he made some of the world's first cinematograph cameras.
      41 was the residence of Alderman Edward Lowther.
      76-78 (The Signalman) was formerly the Railway Hotel, built in association with London Road Station (1877) in Shaftesbury Place opposite.
      83 was the family home of cinematograph engineer Alfred Darling, who moved here from 47 Chester Terrace.
Ditchling Road

¶ Preston Park conservation area (143, 143a, 143b, 145-253 odd, 253b/c/d, Down Junior School).
¶ Round Hill conservation area (68-132 even).
¶ Valley Gardens conservation area (1-91 odd, 2-10 even).
The section opposite The Level was originally called Brunswick Place North; Kemp land. Section from Upper Lewes Road to Hollingdean Road renumbered 20 April 18811. Further numbering 16 August 19002 and 3 March 19103. Section from Osborne Road northwards numbered 10 October 19394.
      The Level was laid out in 1822 by architect A H Wilds and landscape gardener Henry Philips on open marshland previously used for events and fairs. Peripheral elm walks were added in 1844, a gift from the Earl of Chichester, railings and shrub planting 1877. A children's playground with boating pool was included in 1927 to designs by Bertie Hubbard MacLaren, superintendent of the Parks Department. Extensive refurbishment was completed in 2014.
      St Matthias' Church was designed by Lacy William Ridge, the Diocesan Surveyor, in red brick with a round tower and built in 1906-07. It was consecrated in 1912.
      St Saviour's Parsonage. 1881.
      3, designed by A H Wilds, is Grade II listed5.
      4-8 was the Lady Chichester Hospital, specialising in mental treatment for women and children, moving here from Round Hill Crescent, occupying no 8 in 1910 and briefly adding 4-6 two years later before moving to Brunswick Place. The Countess of Chichester was the widow of the 4th Earl of Chichester (see Pelham Square and Stanmer Park); she died in December 1911.
      5-13, built c1815, are Grade II listed6.
      10 (Glen Roy) built April 1822, formerly North Cottage, 4 Ditchling Terrace7.
      39, Brunswick Arms PH dates from . Renamed Caroline of Brunswick to commemorate the wife of the Prince Regent, Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1768-1821).
      51, Bat and Ball PH was a beerhouse by the 1840s, known as the North Star in 1854, the Plumbers' Arms in 1859, the North Star again in 1864 and the Bat and Ball from 1882.
      81, Druids PH was known as the Druids Arms by 1854.
      85 was the Northern Tavern PH until c2014. A tile street name was on the corner of the building until then.
      95 was designed by W & E Habershon (see also Church Road Hove and St John's Place) and built in 1854 as the Chichester Diocesan Training College for Schoolmistresses. It became the Brighton Business Centre in 1985. Grade II listed8,as are the walls12.
      † 133-135 St Saviour's Church was here. Designed by Edmund Scott of Brighton architects Scott and Cathorne and built in 1886. Planning approval for a chancel was applied for on 15 July 18979. A reredos from Chichester Cathedral. It closed in 1970 and was demolished in 1983. The gateway arch remains.
      † 154 Warleigh Lodge (formerly Elham Lodge) was built c1860 on land once owned by John Whichelo, then the last house in the road. It was the home, with his parents, of architect B Harold Dixon for over 30 years. Brighton Corporation compulsorily purchased it from D P Toomey & Co in 1972 to build a school.11
      176 The Jolly Brewer (formerly 110) was remodelled after ebing acquired by local brewery Tamplins in 1874, although an inn was on this site possibly as early as before 1840.
      [265-275] is King's Parade, which is separately numbered.
      292 Stanmer Park Hotel was built c1900 as a focal point of the Fiveways housing development.
      Tram shelter opposite Surrenden Road is Grade II listed10. A similar one at the junction with Upper Hollingdean Road is not listed.
1ESRO DB/D/27/207
2ESRO DB/D/46/656
3ESRO DB/D/46/787
4ESRO DB/D/27/60
5HE 1380436
6HE 1380437
7ESRO ACC8745/49
8HE 1380440
9ESRO DB/D/7/4556
10HE 1380441
11image; image; ESRO R/C/4/75
12HE 1380439
Ditchling Terrace Former name of the southern section of Ditchling Road between Union Road and Upper Lewes Road. Included in Ditchling Road by 1900.
      4 became 10 Ditchling Road.
Map1830s, PO1845ndash;To1899
Dog Kennel Road Former name of Hollingdean Road. The dogs were hounds for the Brighton Harriers, one of the numerous hunts in the area from Georgian times, and the kennels moved here from Preston Circus in the 1850s to occupy land donated by Thomas Read Kemp. The parish dust yard and later the municipal abattoir were also here.
Dolphin Court1 Brighton's coat-of-arms includes dolphins, used as a motif throughout the town. A block of flats with this name is in Hove Street but there is no known connection. 1Brighton Ratebook 1826
Dolphin Mews

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Between Steine Street and MAnchester Street.
Donald Hall Road Bristol Estate, one of five street names commemorating senior staff at the Royal Sussex County Hospital nearby; this one is Donald George Hall.  
Donkey Mews, Hove

¶ Brunswick Town conservation area.
Off Brunswick Street East. Donkeys used for rides on the beach were stabled here.
Donkey Row, Edward Street See North Steine Row.
Donnington Road, Woodingdean 1 March 19561. 1ESRO DB/D/27/329
Dorothy Road, Hove
Dorset Buildings 1851
Dorset Gardens

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Dates from the 1790s. John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset, leased ½ acre of land in Little Laine (encompassing this area) to John Hall and Thomas Tilt for a year in May 1798; Hall already owned an adjoining 1½ acre plot. The southern end was called Prospect Row. Number of properties in 1822: 33. The gardens were compulsorily purchased by Brighton Corporation in 1884 under the Brighton Improvement Act; the railings and walls—probably added around that time—are Grade II listed1.
      1 was built 1801-04 but perhaps as a development of an earlier house. Grade II listed2.
      7 and 12-18 were all built late 18th century. Grade II listed3.
      Dorset Gardens Wesleyan Church was originally built 1808 and enlarged 1840, but completely rebuilt by Liverpool architect C O Ellison 1884, with a further extension to the south in 1929-30. The whole was demolished in 2000 and a new church opened on the site of the later extension of the original church in 2003.
Marchant-Sicklemore map 1809
1HE 1380446
2HE 1380442
3HE 1380444, 1380445
Dorset Place Cul-de-sac off Edward Street, all that remains of Cavendish Street.
Dorset Street Number of properties in 1822: 17.
      †16 was the Town Mission ragged school in 1858.
Dover Road

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
One of four adjacent roads in the Fiveways area named after Kent towns (see also Ashford, Hythe, Sandgate). Under construction by 1901.
Dower Close, Ovingdean Off Ainsworth Close. Bungalows, unusually with double garages beneath. Land registered to South LAnd Development Company Limited in 19651 Ke1969
1London Gazette 4 June 1965: 5376
The Down, Hove Cul-de-sac off Hangleton Valley Road.
Down Terrace Boundary of the Queen's Park development. Inter-war-years council housing development is on the north side. Featured in a film (2009) of that name by Ben Wheatley.
Downash Close, Whitehawk Cul-de-sac off Cooksbridge Road. Numbered 30 November 19831. 1ESRO DB/D/27/445
Downland Close, Woodingdean Named 3 January 19631 and numbered 6 February 19642. 1ESRO DB/D/27/400
2ESRO DB/D/27/409
Downland Crescent, Hangleton
Downland Drive, Hangleton
Downland Road, Lower Bevendean Formerly known as Reservoir Road. Numbered 21 June 19381. 1ESRO DB/D/27/42
Downland Drive, Woodingdean >Named 3 January 19631 and numbered 6 February 19642. 1ESRO DB/D/27/400
2ESRO DB/D/27/409
Downlands Court, Portslade
Downs Court 1826-1851
Downs Road Former name of Falmer Road at Woodingdean.
Downs Valley Road, Woodingdean Renamed from Valley Road 30 July 19361. Named and numbered 29 May 1954, 1 June 1954 and 25 March 1955, 7 June 1956 and 2 January 19582. 1ESRO DB/D/27/37
2ESRO DB/D/27/230
Downside, Hove
Downside, Westdene Numbered 13 October 19531. 1ESRO DB/D/27/304
Downsview, Hangleton
Downsview Avenue, Wick Estate, Woodingdean Numbered 29 April 19481. 1ESRO DB/D/27/283
Downsview Road, Portslade
Downsway, Woodingdean Numbered 30 August 19381. 1ESRO DB/D/27/46
Drive, The, Hove

¶ The Avenues conservation area (2-6 consecutive).
¶ The Drive conservation area (51-79 odd, 52-66 even, All Saints Church, All Saints Church Hall).
¶ Willett Estate conservation area (7-49 odd, 8-50 even, 72, Eaton Manor, Drive Lodge, Baltimore Court, Philip Court).
      All Saints Church was built 1889-91, the east end being completed in 1901 and the tower in 1924. The architect was J L Pearson, whose work was continued after his death in 1897 by his son Frank Pearson. The fittings are by Nathaniel Hitch. It became the parish church of Hove in 1892 and is Grade I listed1. Money for building the tower to left in the will of George Baldwin Woodruff2.
      16 The Gables was built 1882, designed by A Cresswell. Grade II listed3.
      20 Dame Ivy Compton-Burnett (1884-1969), the novelist, lived here 1897-1915. Plaque. She attended a school in Tisbury Road.
      51-53 and 52-54 are pairs of semi-detached villas built by William Willett early 1880s. Grade II listed4.
      55-60 were built as detached villas by William Willett in the 1890s. Grade II listed5.
      62 Whittinghame College, a Jewish boarding school, was founded here in 1931 by Jacob Halévy. It moved to Surrenden Road in 1934.
      63 and 65 are semi-detached villas built by William Willett. Grade II listed6.
      64 was the home of William Willett senior from 1903 until his death.
      67 was built by William Willett in the 1880s. It was the home of Lady Elizabeth Alice Frances Hawkins-Whitshed in the late 1890s. Then in her third marriage, having been widowed twice, and known as Mrs Aubrey Le Blond, she was a pioneer female alpinist. She was probably the second or third woman in the world to make films in her own right. Some of the 10 films she made of alpine activities in Switzerland were included in James' Williamson's film programmes at Hove Town Hall towards the end of 1900. Grade II listed7.
      69 and 71 were designed by H B Measures and built by William Willett in 1887. Grade II listed8.
      73, 75 and 79 were designed by H B Measures and built by William Willett in the 1880s. Grade II listed9.
      76 is Grade II listed10 with 2-36 Cromwell Road.
      79 was the Willett estate office in the 1890s.
1HE 365637
2ESRO PAR387/9/1/7
3HE 365619
4HE 365620-21
5HE 365622-27
6HE 1309791
7HE 365629
8HE 365630-31
9HE 365632-33, 365635
Draxmont Way, Surrenden B2123. Numbered 27 November 19721. 1ESRO DB/D/27/436
Drove, The, Falmer B2123.
Drove, The, Patcham Former name of Ladies Mile Road. Numbered 20 February 19511. 1ESRO DB/D/27/295
Drove Avenue Track from Falmer Road across Newmarket Hill to Kingston Ridge. It follows the line of a Romano-British road from Chichester that continued from Elm Grove1 1>Eliot Curwen and Eliot Cecil Curwen: 'Sussex lynchets and their associated field-ways' in Sussex Archaeological Collections Vol 64. Cambridge: W Heffer & Sons, 1923
Drove Crescent, Portslade
Drove Place, Hove 1881
Drove Road, Portslade

¶ Portslade conservation area (Bestwood Works, Manor Cottage, 18-42 even).
The original 12th-century Manor House, a Grade II* listed Ancient Monument, is mostly a ruin in the grounds of
      Manor House, built in 1807. It was bought in 1904 by Miss Kathleen Concepta Nelson and given to the Poor Servants of the Mother of God, an order of Catholic nuns from St Mary's Convent, Roehampton, of which she had been a postulant1. A chapel and accommodation wing were added in 1933. The convent closed in 1996 and the site was re-opened by the Emmaus Community in February 19972.
      Malthouse and brewery, now light industrial premises, date from the mid 19th century and were probably associated with the Southdown Brewery in South Street, Portslade. Grade II listed3.
      Peter Gladwin Primary School is on land sold by the Poor Servants of the Mother of God.
      18, 20 were built as accommodation for workers at Portslade Manor. Now private dwellings. Local list.
1The Keep amsh/AMS5600/1
3HE 1280748
Drove Road, Withdean Former name of Peacock Lane.
Drove Terrace, Hove Cul-de-sac following 29 Sackville Road. [1881] Pa1882
Drovers Close, Portslade
Droveway, The Hove

¶ Engineerium conservation area (Engineerium Complex [see also Woodland Drive], nursery and miniature railway).
Stanford Estate.
Layout: November 19251. new sewer: February 19262. Part of the old drove road from Saltdean to Portslade, following from Preston Drove.
      20a The Atelier is a back development built in 2008.
      25 is in moderne style, built in the 1930s.
      65 is in moderne style, built in 1936.
      Preston Farm stood on the north side, also known by the 1920s as Hole's [later: Hole's & Davigdor] Hygienic Dairies, becoming only a distribution depot after the Second World War; in the early 1960s it become South Coast Dairies and later still Dairy Crest until 2015. The site is now derelict.
      Mowden School moved here from Lansdowne Place by 1915. Designed by Charles Henry Bourne Quennell. It was evacuated to Market Harborough in 1939 and the premises requisitioned for use as King Alfred II early in 1940 (see also Kingsway).
1ESRO DO/C/8/832
2ESRO DO/C/8/858
Dudley Road, Hollingdean Numbered 26 July 19281. 1
Dudwell Road, Woodingdean Named 19 November 1965 and numbered 7 July 19661. 1ESRO DB/D/27/440
Duke Passage Name in Ba1822. See Duke's Passage.
Duke Street

¶ Old Town conservation area.
Pre 1799. Formerly Cragg's Lane or Willett's Lane; also called Duke's Lane. Number of properties in 1822: 305. The street was widened in the winter of 1867 and flint-faced houses to the south of Holy Trinity Chapel (see Ship Street) were removed at this time. much of the north side was rebuilt in 1869. A tender for the erection of seven houses and shops as part of the 'Duke Street Improvements' was awarded to H Parsons Jnr, who made the lowest (£5,200) of eight bids, Cheesman & Co and Patching & Sons being among other contenders6.
      3a housed the Voluntary Fire Brigade c18971.
      6 Victory public house is Grade II listed2.
      12-13 are Grade II listed3.
      22-23 was Holleyman & Treacher's secondhand bookshop, previously known as Duke Street Chambers.
Duke's Court was behind here.
      26 was Wisden's sports shop.
      34 was designed by T Timpson [Simpson?] for R H Perry's paper-hanging warehouse in 18698
Duke Passage was here.
      35 was designed by Goulty & Gibbins in 1869 for plumbers and decorators Sendall & Son7.
      36 was built for George Swain, baker and confectioner, in 1869 by C E Kempe, who tendered the price of £7639.
      37A, built c1780, is Grade II listed4.
      Holy Trinity Chapel see Ship Street.
1ESRO DB/D/7/4596
2HE 1380449
3HE 1380447
4HE 1380448
6The Building News 1869-03-05:217a
7The Building News, 1869-05-14:447
8The Building News, 1869-04-30:401
9The Building News, 1869-05-28:495
Duke's Court Behind 24-27 Duke Street, off Lewis's Buildings. 1826
Duke's Lane

¶ Old Town conservation area.
Shopping and residential street created between Ship Street and Middle Street on the site of the former Dreadnought Garage. Designed by Stone Toms & Partners, it opened on 20 November 1979. This was also an early name for Duke Street.
Duke's Mound

¶ Kemp Town conservation area.
6th Duke of Devonshire lived opposite in Lewes Crescent 1828-1858.
Duke's Passage

¶ Old Town conservation area.
From 35 Duke Street to Lewis's Buildings. Number of properties in 1822: 8. Ba1822–Ke1936
Dunster Close, Hollingdean Cul-de-sac off Horton Road.  
Durham Close, Lower Bevendean Cul-de-sac off Leybourne Road. Numbered 26 November 19641. 1ESRO DB/D/27/417
Durham Place1 The location has not been traced. 1Brighton Ratebook 1826
Dyke Junction Halt Former name (September 1905 to June 1932) for the station in Aldrington Avenue.
Dyke Close, Hove Cul-de-sac off Dyke Road Avenue.
Dyke Road (A2010)

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area (14, 37-55 odd, Brighton Tutorial Centre, Royal Alexandra Hospital, 61-65 Homelees House, 67-121 odd).
¶ West Hill conservation area (1-19 Derwent Court, 18-106 even).
The old road that leads to Devil's Dyke, formerly known as the road to Henfield or the road to Saddlescombe, which became a turnpike in 1777. The lowest part, below Upper North Street was developed in the late 17th/early 18th centuries; between Clifton Road and Seven Dials was built 1848-1853, and the section between these two stretches was not added until the latter half of the 1860s.
      The road heading north of Seven Dials was built as far as Russell Crescent in 1841 and called Peel Terrace when the railway line to Hove was installed. The west side of the road was designated the boundary between Brighton and Hove in 1873.
      The section below Seven Dials was once called Church Hill Road; the section below Upper North Street was part of North Street until 17 December 19521.
      Houses on the west side north of Old Shoreham Road were not assigned numbers until then; houses on the east side were renumbered and the northern end of Dyke Road, where Dyke Road Avenue begins, was defined at Tivoli Crescent North.
      Section from Upper North Street to Old Shoreham Road renumbered 23 October 19302.
• Numbers given here are as currently assigned, except as stated. Numbering April 19213.
      Annan Lodge. 1851.
      †Brighton Workhouse, with a capacity of 600 places, was on a site where Buckingham Road now meets Dyke Road (then Church Hill) from 1822 until the opening of the new workhouse in Elm Grove in 1865. The land, then known as Brighton Hall Estate, was sold at auction in four sales 1867-68.
      Church of St Nicholas of Myra see Church Street.
      Villas in 1881: High Cross, Hosa Place and Villa, Irish Barn, The Lawn, The Retreat, St Margaret's House.
      St Nicholas Church Gardens, across the road from the church. Amon Henry Wilds laid out the rest garden and designed the burial vaults on the north side. (He himself is buried in Shoreham.) In 1944 Oberleutnant Richard Pahl was killed when his Messerschmitt ME 410 crashed here. The burial vaults and tomb4 and the entrance arch are Grade II listed5, as is the K6 telephone kiosk outside the gardens6.
      11 (formerly North Street) was the Swan Downer School, designed by the architect George Somers Leigh Clarke (1822-1882), from 1867 to 1939. Swan Downer was a local merchant who left a bequest to create a school for 20 poor girls. It opened in 1816 in Gardner Street. A painting of the school by William Alfred Delamotte (c.1853-56) is in Brighton Art Gallery. The building, for a time a night club and now a small theatre and bar, is Grade II listed8.
      12 Lees House is a modern office building taking its name from the Lees Nursing Home which had the same address before renumbering (see 61-67 Homelees House, below) but was not on this site.
      21 (old numbering) was the home of Herbert Carden10.
Norman Villa      43 St George's House is an Italianate villa that was built for (and probably by) William Beedham. It was first known as Norman Villa, renamed Clifton Lodge in 1881. It was Clarke's College from the 1940s to 1967 It was then acquited by the Brighton Borough Council and became Brighton Tutorial and Secretarial Centre. It is currently Brighton and Hove Pupil Referral Unit.
Image: Norman Villa in an 1850 lithograph published by W Grant [Source: Regency Society/Society of Brighton Print Collectors]
      56 (formerly 59) was the first Brighton home of photographer Esmé Collings before moving to 13 Alexandra Villas.
      † 57 was the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Sick Children, designed by local architect Thomas Lainson in Queen Anne style, opened by the Princess of Wales on 21 July 1881 (see also 1 Eastern Terrace). The site, formerly occupied by St Nicholas' Church School, was bought for £5,000 in 1871. The hospital cost £10,500. Closed June 2007 when the hospital moved to Eastern Road, converted into flats.
      61-67 Homelees House, a block of sheltered and retirement flats built in 1986, is on the site of the Dials Congregational Church (see Clifton Road) and other buildings, including the Lees Nursing Home, from which it probably takes its name and where film pioneer Charles Urban (1867-1942) died (see also 82 East Street). Unfortunately, the name on the building could easily be misread at a glance as 'Homeless'.
      69-75 has an original shopfront on a corner site section.
      77 has an original shopfront on a corner site.
      81 has an original shopfront, including an unusual curved glazed corner section.
      Pillar box outside 109b bears the VR royal cipher.
      107 and 109 (formerly 16d, 16e),probably built c1904-05, have original shop fronts.
      128 and 130 (old numbering) were built c1860. Grade II listed13.
      128 (formerly 38) was the home of Magnus Volk from 1914 until his death. Brighton Corporation plaque.
      132 Good Companions PH was built 1939 for Tamplins to a design by Arthur Packham and said to have opened on the day war broke out, 3 September.
      148 was the last house on the east side in 1848 before Port Hall.
      150 was called Nakal in 193714.
      164 Bewcastle (formerly 113). Flats built c1960 replaced a house with that name built c1900 that was the home of Sir Joseph Ewart.
      166 was the home of Alderman Dorothy Stringer.
      170 Port Hall (formerly 116) was built c.1800 for Sir Page Dick with a distinctive crenellated roof line and a small statue of a knight above the entrance. A later occupant was Sir Charles Hockaday Dick, curator of Brighton Museum15. It is said to be haunted by a crusader and has given its name to streets and the area around its once isolated position. The house and its walls are Grade II listed16. 1881.
      170a (at the rear of Port Hall) was the home of the actor Lockwood West (1905-1989).
      177 Fairways (formerly 133) comprises three four-storey blocks of 72 flats. It stands on the site of Bleak House, built in 1874 as the home of ornithologist Edward Thomas Booth, demolished c1939.
      194 Booth Museum of Natural History was founded by Edward Thomas Booth in 1874 as the Museum of British Birds in the grounds of his home (see 177) and given to the town by his widow in 1890. It was given its current name in 1973. Grade II listed17.
      208-210 renumbered 26 January 193318.
      211-213 pair of detached houses designed by Harold Turner, in Sussex farmhouse vernacular with Arts & Crafts influence.
      218 The Dyke Tavern. Queen Anne/mock Tudor style pub built 1895, replacing a previous Windmill Inn, owned by William Trusler, who had a mill as part of the building. Originally called the Dyke Road Hotel19, had some original frosted glass, including one pane saying 'Coffee Room', ironically until it was designated a coffee room in 2014. Now called 'The Dyke'. Grade II listed7.
      220 Highcroft was a large villa, built 1876 for a Quaker couple, Robert Horne Penney JP and Lucy Rickman Penney20. Demolished c1991 and replaced after 1993 by Highcroft Mews.
      247, 249 were built by F Parsons28.
      263 is dated 1909.
      272 Church of the Good Shepherd was designed by Edward Prioleau Warren (1856-1937) and built in 1920-1922 with additions in 1927. Fittings by F E Howard. The foundation stone was laid by Mrs Alice Mary Moor, widow of Rev Gerald Henry Moor, Vicar of Preston 1905-1916. She and the incumbent priest in 1936 donated the tin hut that had been on the Dyke Road site to become the Church of the Good Shepherd in Stanley Avenue, Mile Oak. The church hall was opened on 15 July 1936 by Rt Hon Major George Tryon, then Postmaster-General and Conservative MP for Brighton between 1910 and 1940—who also inaugurated the BBC Television Service that November. (As PMG, Tryon succeeded Sir Kingsley Wood, who is commemorated in Brighton in Kingswood Street.) The church and its boundary walls are Grade II listed21.
      291, 293 were designed by Harold Turner.
      317, a modest bungalow .
      covered reservoir between 324 and 326: land was leased to Brighton, Hove and Preston Constant Water Works Company on 29 Sep 18659.
      326, 328 were built in the 1990s on the site of a former corporation depot.
      344 had the rustic tram shelter outside until the end of 1977. (The Dyke Road tram route was withdrawn on 16 April 193922.
      Uplands see Barrowfield Drive.
      Brighton Hove and Sussex Grammar School moved here from Buckingham Place, adopting this new name to reflect its location on the boundary between the two boroughs. The Goldsmid estate land cost £4,000 and the school building, designed by S B Russell, cost £25,00023. The foundation stone was laid on 13 June 1912 and the school opened on 17 September 191324. During the First World War it was temporarily commandeered as the 2nd Eastern General Hospital12. When schools were re-organised by East Sussex County Council in 1975 it became the Brighton Hove and Sussex Sixth Form College (BHASVIC).
      Dyke Road Park was laid out in 1923 at the north-west end of the Prestonville development on land acquired c.1914 and used as allotments. It opened in 1924 and generally retains its layout from that date, including the café, which was formerly thatched. The trees on the west side of Dyke Road (the Hove side) adjacent to the park were newly planted c189511 following road widening in 1893.
      Cadogan Court stands on the site of Hove Villa.
      Westcombe stands on the site of Hove Place House.
      See also Old Dyke Road.
Census1841; PO1846—
1ESRO DB/D/27/309 includes schedules of old and new addresses, and of Dyke Road properties lying in the Borough of Hove (to be resolved by the Council on 12 Mar 1953)
2ESRO DB/D/27/264
3ESRO DB/D/46/874
4HE 1380456
5HE 1380455
6HE 1380457
7HE 1449852
8HE 1380450
9ESRO SFD/2/3/12
11James Gray
12Ke1915: 109
13HE 1380451
14ESRO amsgg/AMD6621/5/28
15James Gray
16HE 1380458
17HE 1380452
18ESRO DB/D/27/166
19James Gray
10Richard S Harrison: Brighton Quakers 1655-2005
21HE 1380460, 1380461
22James Gray
23ESRO R/C/47/1, ESRO R/C/63/30
24ESRO ESC/214/24/2-60
Dyke Road Avenue

¶ Tongdean conservation area (26-48 even, 35, 39-57 odd).
¶ Woodland Drive conservation area (Three Cornered Copse and adjacent open area).
The continuation of Dyke Road also marks the boundary between Brighton and Hove and is the section of the road that ran through the Withdean estate. A boundary stone stood on the west side of the road opposite Withdean Avenue. Until c1930s it was interchangeably called Dyke Road.
      Mostly large properties built over a period of a century or more. Designed in variety of styles from Tudor to contemporary, several are notable early 20th century houses in the Arts and Crafts style.
      Plans were prepared by Brighton Engineer's Department in 1937 under the Restriction of Ribbon Development Act 19353.
      Houses on the west side were numbered in the late 1940s, those on the east side, which generally are of earlier date, were not. Numbering began on the east side at the corner of Tivoli Crescent North 4 January 19491.
West side (Hove)
      5 remodelled c2000 by BBM Sustainable Design.
      †Furze Court (31) is said to have once had the old entrance gates of the Chain Pier, which were removed in 18712. It was the home of Lt-General Francis S Iredell from 1897 to 1918. It was then briefly the residence of Mme Varipati. By 1930 it was boys' school and by 1936 a girls' school. It was a Dr Barnardo's home by 1949 and was demolished in 1963.
      47 was the post-war home of Air Vice-Marshall Sir Anthony Paxton.
      †Tongdean Farm was probably here by no later than the beginning of the 19th century. Land along the Dyke Road Avenue edge was sold for housing during the 1920s. The farm closed by 1936 and the buildings were demolished to make way for housing.
      55 is on the site of Tongdean farmhouse and yard.
      71 (Valetta) was the home for many years of Brighton-born solicitor Howard S Johnson MP and his second wife, Betty Frankiss.
East side (Brighton)
      32 (Cransley Lodge) was built, with its stables, in 1902 for W Chater Lea by E Wallis Long. A provisional plan was drawn up in 1900.
      34 (Dyke Lodge) was built in 1900 for W B Henley by W E A Gillam and extended in 1907 for A J Clayton by John H Hackman.
      36 Berea House was built for H Sweet in 1898. Now converted to flats and extended.
      42 Earlsmead was built in 1912 for W Porter by E Wallis Long, previously called Hylands. The gardener's cottage and Peach House were built at the rear in 1927 by Hunter & Bedford for W Evans.
      44 Merok was built on part of the site of Tudor House by Archibald McLean for T W Price in 1924. Three houses (49-53 Wayland Avenue) were built in the eastern part of the garden.
      48 Baronsmead
      50. 71 Wayland Avenue and 1-2 Wayland Heights were built on part of the rear garden.
      Hill Crest was the home of Sir Theodore Vivian Samuel Angier.
      See also Withdean Avenue.
1ESRO DB/D/27/286
2James Gray
3ESRO DB/D/84/2/4434 (17 June 1937), ESRO DB/D/84/2/4696 (15 Nov 1937)
Dyke Road Drive Originally continuining northwards from the junction with Port Hall Road to join Dyke Road. That section was renamed Highcroft Villas to incorporate Highcroft Terrace and Parkmore Terrace 27 July 1933 and 9 November 19331. Sequential numbering.
      St Hilda. 1881.
      72 Preston Park Wesleyan Methodist Church was designed by Liverpool architect C O Ellison, built in 1883, closed in 1943 and demolished in 1974. The London Gate office building now stands on the site.
      Railway bridge is where Eva Knight, a servant, threw her seven-year-old illegitimate daughter onto the tracks below, for which she was charged on 11 October 1895. The girl suffered concussion.2 At the committal on 25 October 'it was expected that the child ... would be called, but counsel for the prosecution said she was either very unintelligent for her years, or had lost her memory through the injuries she had suffered'.3 Knight was found guilty at Lewes Assizes and sentenced on 29 November 1895 to five years' penal servitude, the jury recommending her to mercy.4
1ESRO DB/D/27/24
2Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 12 October 1895: 8
3The Cornishman, 31 October 1895: 7
4Portsmouth Evening News, 30 November 1895: 3
Dyke Road Mews

¶ West Hill conservation area.
At 74-76 Dyke Road, entered from Bath Street.  
Dyke Road Place
A track from Dyke Road Avenue at the point where it was still open on the east side opposite Tongdean Farm was here in the 19th century, continuing along the line that became Wayland Avenue. It was a road early in the 1900s, with only one house on the north side until the late 1950s, when the south side began to be populated.
      Plans were prepared by Brighton Engineer's Department in 1937 under the Restriction of Ribbon Development Act 19351.
1ESRO DB/D/84/2/4434 (17 June 1937), ESRO DB/D/84/2/4696 (15 Nov 1937)

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