Films made in the Brighton & Hove area
The silent era

Click here for listing for The Sound Era

Many films were made in Brighton and Hove during the early silent film era. In the first year of production alone, 1896, possibly more than two dozen films were shot in Brighton, most apparently in the area between the two piers. Esmι Collings made several story films that were probably shot in Brighton, in addition to the topographical titles listed below, and made at least 25 films in 1896.
          Increasingly, as topographical single-shot films gave way to narrative multi-shot films, the recognisable settings were replaced by studio sets or the gardens and interiors of local houses. Interestingly, one of the prime locations for later films, the Royal Pavilion, does not appear to have been filmed at all in the early years.
          Not all the films listed here were necessarily shot in Brighton and Hove—usually evidenced from the title—but were made by film-makers working from the city, where the films would usually have been processed and printed. In the interests of completeness of the listings for Brighton & Hove film-makers, these are included here.
          Some films have alternative titles. The earliest productions never had a title on the actual film, so the names are those given in catalogues or programmes. As files were sold outright, different showmen/exhibitors gave the films different titles. The first titled films appeared around 1902.
          The running time can be calculated by assuming a projection speed of 60 feet a minute.

Films marked † are known to exist; this indication is not complete.
Films marked * are included in The Movies Begin: A treasury of early cinema 1896-1906, Volume 2 (The European Pioneers).

View the filmFilms available for viewing on this site are indicated by the icon on the left and are listed here

• 1896

On Brighton Beach (R W Paul, July) †—The first film shot in Brighton
Brighton on a Bank Holiday (Birt Acres, August)—King's Road and the West Pier
Landing at Low Tide (Birt Acres, August)
Scrambling Urchins (Birt Acres, August)

• The following 13 titles by Esmι Collings (all 40ft):
Bathers on the Beach at Brighton (summer)
Bicycle Rider
Boys Under Pier (alt title Boys scrambling for pennies under the West Pier Brighton) (August) †[right, Picture source: BFI]
Children On The Beach
Children Paddling (August) (alt title Children Playing in the Sea) †
Crowds At Brighton
Donkey Riding (summer)
Dyke Station (alt title Train arriving at Dyke Station) †—re-creation of the famous Lumiθre film. This film can be seen at Hove Museum
King's Road Brighton alt title Brighton Front on a Bank Holiday and The Promenade at Brighton (August)
Rough Sea alt title The Hove Sea Wall in a Gale and Ocean Waves in a Storm
Street Scene
West Street Brighton alt title A Street in Brighton
The Broken Melody (October)—a simple story film based on a stage melodrama, featuring Auguste van Biene. It was filmed again in
• The following filmed by Esmι Collings away from Brighton (13 titles):
Crowded Streets in London
English Cavalry in Aldershot
The Lord Mayor's Show
Military Scene
Portsmouth: The Ferry
Railway Scene
Runners at Gatwick
Sailors of an English Warship
Soldiers in Portsmouth
A Street in Portsmouth
Street Traffic in London
Westminster Bridge
Workmen Leaving Portsmouth Dockyard

• 1897

Rottingdean Electric Railway (R W Paul). Volks Railway.

• The following two titles (four films) by Esmι Collings:
A Victorian Lady in Her Boudoir (alt title Woman Undressing)—possibly the first ever 'blue movie', designated in the catalogue as suitable only for gentlemen's smoking parties [right, Picture source: BFI]
Simon the Cellarer—three films commissioned by Lewis Sealy for showing during live stage shows with singers performing the well-known song.

• The following 31 titles (35 films) by G A Smith for GAS Films:
Brighton Sea-going Car Arrival and Departure of a Train at Hove † 1 min.
Brighton Sea-going Car † —Magnus Volk's Daddy-Longlegs railway, which ran through the sea between Madeira Drive (Banjo Groyne) and Rottingdean. It was new when filmed [right], having opened on 28 November 1896. It closed in the summer of 1900. A copy of this film was discovered in 2008 by the Filmoteca de Catalunya. A modern CGI animation by Conor Gorman of the tramcar itself can be seen on YouTube (opens in new window).
Brighton Sea-going Car no 2—Volks Daddy-Longlegs Railway.
Children Paddling at the Seaside 50ft

Comic face/Man drinking Hanging Out the Clothes The Miller and the Sweep
Comic Face (alt title Man Drinking) fiction 50ft—features Brighton comedian Tom Green [above left]
Comic Shaving (alt title Comic Barber) fiction 50ft—features Tom Green and W Carlile
Football and Cricket 75ft
Football Game and Scrimmage 75ft
Gymnastics series: Indian Club Performer (50ft or 75ft), Squad with Horizontal Bar (75ft), Squad with Vaulting Horse (75ft)
Hanging Out the Clothes (alt title Master, Mistress and Maid) † 1 min [above centre]—possibly 1898
The Haunted Castle fiction 50ft
The Maid in the Garden comedy 50ft—features Tom Green and Nellie Green
Making Sausages (alt title The End of All Things) 50ft—envisages futuristic technology
The Miller and the Sweep (US title The Miller and Chimney Sweep) † 50ft [above right]. The miller is played by music hall comedian Fred Hutchins, who later became the first mentor of Gracie Fields. We have yet to identify the windmill positively, although it looks like Jill, one of the two Clayton mills, or High Salvington mill, north of Worthing.
The Miller and the Sweep no 2 (US title The Miller and Chimney Sweep) † 52ft [above right]
Miss Ellen Terry series: Afternoon Tea (75ft), At Her Window (75ft), Gathering Flowers (75ft)
Mohawk Minstrels 75ft
Nursing the Baby comic 50ft—possibly 1898
Passenger Train 75ft
Pierrot Troupe 75ft
Portsmouth Express 75ft
Sailing and Car 75ft
Sailing Boat
The X-Rays The Sign Writer (alt title The Awkward Sign Writer) trick 50ft—Shows a sign writer painting a sign and then uses reversed motion to show him erasing the sign.
Tipsy-Topsy-Turvy trick 50ft—Reverse motion is achieved by turning the camera upside down and then projecting the film with the correct image orientation; this was possible because silent film geometry was laterally symetrical.
Walking Greasy Pole 75ft
Waves and Spray (alt title Study in Waves and Spray) 75ft
Weary Willie fiction 50ft—features Tom Green
Workers Leaving Brighton Railway Station
The X-ray Fiend (alt title The X-Rays) comic 54ft—features Brighton comedian Tom Green and Smith's wife Laura Bayley [right]. By interrupting filming after the two characters are established, they are able to be transformed into skeletal figures. The 'spoiled' frames at the 'cut' are removed by splicing. This may have been inspired by James Williamson's acquision of an X-ray machine in connection with his pharmacy practice. A copy of the film was rediscovered by the National Film and Television Archive in 1999.
Yachting 150ft
• Shot by G A Smith away from Brighton (four titles):
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee Procession: Colonials 75ft
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee Procession: Queen's Carriage 75ft
Trafalgar Day (alt title Nelson's Monument) 75ft
Westminster 75ft

• The following five titles by James Williamson:
Fox-and-geese 75ft
Hove Coastguards at Cutlass Drill 75ft
Hove Coastguards at Flag Drill 75ft
Ring-a-ring of Roses 75ft
Scene on the West Pier † (alt title: Early Fashions on Brighton Pier—Although attributed to Smith, this is almost certainly by Williamson as the boys in the foreground appear to be his sons

• 1898

• The following 24 titles by G A Smith for GAS Films:
Ally Sloper 75ft
Animated Clown Portrait trick 75ft
The Baker and the Sweep comic 75ft—Tom Green plays the baker, G Andrews plays the sweep
Cinderella and the Fairy Godmother (alt title Cinderella) trick (July) 75ft—Possibly the first use of double exposure and stop-action (in-camera jump cut) transformation. Laura Bayley plays Cinderella.
Clown (18 October)—Advertising film for Messrs Rae Bros, 134 St Vincent Street, Glasgow
Comic Costume Race (alt title Music Hall Sports) comic 75ft—filmed at Herne Hill, London
The Corsican Brothers fiction (July) 75ft—Innovative use of a vignette within the frame to show a flashback, achieved by winding the film back in the camera and making a double exposure. Description from Warwick Trading Company catalogue (1900): 'One of the twin brothers returns home from shooting in the Corsican mountains and is visited by the ghost of the other twin. By extremely careful photography the ghost appears quite transparent. After indicating that he has been killed by a sword-thrust and appealing for vengeance, he disappears. A "vision" then appears showing the fatal duel in the snow. To the Corsican's amazement, the duel and death of his brother are vividly depicted in the vision and finally, overcome by his feelings, he falls to the floor just as his mother enters the room.' This could be the first ever literary adaptation on film, inspired by Alexandre Dumas' story (which was filmed in 1941 with Douglas Fairbanks Jr). [0067]
Faust and Mephistopheles fiction (September) 75ft
Fight (November)
Girls Bathing (November)
Gladstone's Funeral 75ft—filmed in London
The Grand National
Gymnastics three parts: horizontal bar, parallel bars, vaulting horse
The Lady Barber (alt title The Woman Barber) comic 75ft
Maypole Dance (July) 75ft—Williamson shot a similar film around the same time
The Mesmerist, or Body and Soul trick (October) 75ft
Phantom Ride (May) 75ft
Photographing a Ghost trick (September) 75ft—Smith would have been familiar with the stage illusion known as 'Pepper's Ghost', which may have inspired the film. Released in the US by S Lubin Edison Manufacturing Company May 1900
The Policeman, the Cook and the Copper (alt titles The Policeman and the Cook, The 'Copper' in the Copper) comic 75ft—features Tom Green
A Practical Joke (alt titles A Joke on the Gardener, Gardener with Hose) comic 50ft—remake of Lumiθres' L'Arroseur Arrosι)
Santa Claus Portsmouth Ferry actuality (November)
The Runaway Knock comic 50ft
View the filmSanta Claus (alt title The Visit of Santa Claus) † trick (September) 75ft—Uses double exposure (cf The Corsican Brothers, above) to show the scene on the roof as the children sleep. Includes a lettered title and a handwritten frame inscribed 'Protected under the patent laws GAS'. Click on the picture to view the film
Waves and Spray
• The following seven titles directed by G A Smith for the Warwick Trading Company (manager: Charles Urban) and included in its October 1898 catalogue. Warwick was a sales agent for G A Smith but it also handled the work of others and commissioned some films on its own account.
Animated portrait—Miss Marie Lloyd 50ft—the famous music hall artiste meeting a friend who arrives in a dog cart outside the Alhambra theatre (later the Palladium cinema) on King's Road.
Brighton: Children on the Sands (sands!) 50ft.
Brighton: The Esplanade 50ft—a man buys a button-hole from a girl illegally selling flowers, who is then moved on by a policeman
Brighton: The Lower Esplanade 50ft
Brighton: The Launch of the Skylark 50ft
The Dog Show 50ft
The Ungallant Lover 50ft—comic romance filmed at a boat on the beach.

• The following 50 titles (75 films) by James Williamson:
Ally Sloper Batting (October/November)
Another of the Same (alt title Lady Cyclists) 75ft (July)—sequel to Military Ride by a Lady Cyclist
Bank Holiday at the Dyke 115ft (August)
Barnum's Procession (September) series: Elephants (75ft), Elizabethan Cavalcade (75ft), Forty Horses and Band Car (75ft), Landing of Columbus (75ft), Volunteers (75ft)—filmed on Hove seafront
Blacksmiths at Work 75ft
Children Bathing on Hove Beach 75ft (July/August)
The Clown Barber comic 70ft (July)
Clown Cricketers (alt title Clever Cricket) 72ft (July)
Cycle Parade 70ft
Diving 119ft—Filmed at Rye Regatta
Early Fashions on Brighton Pier (alt title Scene on Brighton Pier) also attributed to G A Smith
Express Train and Level Crossing 75ft—filmed at Lancing railway station
Fire Brigade Sports series: Dressing Competition (72ft), Life Saving Demonstration (65ft), Tilting the Bucket (50ft)—made with the co-operation of Hove Fire Brigade
Fishing Smack Race 70ft (August/September)
The Forbidden Lover 65ft fiction—Williamson appears as the father
The Fraudulent Beggars 65ft (August/September) comic
Harvesting 67ft (September)
Highland Fling 75ft
Horses Ploughing 70ft
The Jealous Painter 60ft (August/September) fiction
The Jovial Monks comic
Lawn Tennis 60ft
Maypole Dance (alt titles Children Plaiting the Maypole, Children Dancing Round Maypole) 66ft—Smith shot a similar film around the same time
Military Ride by a Lady Cyclist (alt titles: Ladies Cycling, Military Ride by a Woman Cyclist) 75ft (July)
Military Sports series: Bayonet Exercise (75ft), Dumb-bell Exercise (75ft), Horizontal Bars Display (70ft), Hurdle Jumping (75ft), Musical Ride (66ft), Parallel Bars Display (70ft), Plaiting the Maypole (75ft), Tent Pegging (102ft)
Minuet 75ft (May?)—'By 12 girls.'
Miss Norah Mayer, the Quick-Change Dancer (September) three parts totalling 225ft
Oxen Ploughing 65ft
Procession of Sunday School Children 75ft—probably filmed at Whitsuntide
Sailing Boats 75ft (September)
Sheep Washing 75ft
Sir Roger de Coverley 50ft (July)—children dancing
Sloper's Visit to Brighton A, B, C (July)—three parts, 210ft
Sussex County Cricketers 100ft (July)—'At practice in Hove Cricket Ground', features W G Grace and Lord Hawke
A Sussex Ox Wagon 54ft
Switchback Railway 40ft
Sword Dance 75ft
Trip in 'Brighton Queen' A 'Leaving the pier' 75ft (July)—in Brighton
Trip in 'Brighton Queen' B 'Passing the Cruiser Crescent' 75ft (July)—filmed at sea at Cowes Regatta
Trip in 'Brighton Queen' C 'Arrival at Cowes Regatta' 75ft (July)—filmed at sea at Cowes Regatta
Two Naughty Boys Sprinkling the 'Spoons' comic 75ft (July)—'A new version of the garden-hose scene.' The two boys are Williamson's sons, Alan (12) and Colin (10).
Two Naughty Boys Teasing the Cobbler 68ft (July) comic—features Williamson's sons Alan and Colin
Two Naughty Boys Upsetting the 'Spoons' 66ft (July) comic—features Williamson's sons Alan and Colin
Washing the Sweep Volunteers 75ft—'Big gun firing; old muzzle-loading gun in redoubt at Shoreham Harbour.'
Volunteers 75ft—'Field gun firing and limbering up.'
Volunteers 75ft—'Position battery drill.'
Washing the Sweep †75ft (July) comic—features Marie Mayhew [right]
Winning the Gloves fiction 75ft (July)—Williamson plays the man. [Released in the US May 1908 through Societΰ Italiana Cines ?]
• Known to be shot away from Brighton
Henley Regatta series: Crowd Inside the Booms (75ft), Crowded Course (75ft), Enclosure, Clubs and Towing Path (75ft), Four Oar Races (70ft), Greasy Pole (70ft), Houseboats (75ft), Left Bank (75ft), Panorama of the Course (75ft), Water Polo (75ft)
Threshing Turnip Seed at Rye, Sussex (alt title: Seed Threshing) 75ft

• R W Paul had a film of Brighton in a set of seven shorts called Street Scenes, which may have been shot in the first half of this year.

• 1899

• The following 14 titles by G A Smith:
Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp 75ft
All the Fun of the Fair 50ft
Brighton 75ft
Dick Whittington 75ft
The Gambler's Wife 75ft
A Game of Chess and Kisses 75ft
A Good Joke 75ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
Good Stories 100ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
The Haunted Picture Gallery 75ft
The Inexhaustible Cab comic length variously given as 75, 90, 95 or 130 ft—a score of people are crammed into a cab, including a fat nurse, whose child is thrown on top of the cab. Released in the US by S Lubin and Edison Manufacturing Company 29 June 1901
View the filmA Kiss in the TunnelThe Kiss in the Tunnel †* 1 min 14 secs (inserted section: 40ft)—One of the earliest examples of creative editing: Smith takes an existing film by Hepworth of a train entering a tunnel (a popular genre known as the phantom ride), cuts to the interior of the train as a man (Smith himself) kisses a woman (Mrs Smith) and then cuts back as the train leaves the tunnel. The kissing scene, of course, is well lit to make it visible. Released in the US by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company April 1903. Click on the picture to view the film.
Launch of the Shamrock 75ft
The Legacy 75ft
The Sandwiches (alt title The Hungry Countryman) 75ft
• The following nine titles (15 films) directed by G A Smith for the Warwick Trading Company:
Around the Swings on a Bank Holiday 50ft
Brighton Fire series: A Brighton Fire Call (50ft), The arrival of the fire brigade (75ft), The department at work (100ft)
Fire and Police Obstacle Race series: Over the Tower (50ft), Through Tubs (50ft), Under Blankets (50ft)
Fire Drill series: Arrival of Hose Cart (50ft), Life Saving by Rope and Sling (75ft), Rescue from Tower By Escapes (50ft)
A Hilarious Bank Holiday Crowd 50ft
Kaffirs and Zulus on the Warpath
Police Officers Full Uniform Dress Race 50ft
Savage South Africa at Earl's Court 50ft
The Swings at Crystal Palace 50ft

• The following six titles by James Williamson:
Courtship Under Difficulties 67ft comic—features Florence Williamson, the director's 14-year-old daughter.
The Jovial Monks No 1 72ft—features (D) Philippe
The Jovial Monks No 2: Tit for Tat 54ft—features (D) Philippe
The Sleeping Lovers 60ft
Tug o' War

• 1900

• The following 25 titles by G A Smith:
The Adrian Troupe of Cyclists 150ft
As Seen Through a TelescopeAs Seen Through a Telescope  Grandma's Reading Glasspics/Grandma's Reading Glass
View the filmAs Seen Through the Telescope (US title The Professor and his Field Glass) †* 65ft or 75ft—Innovative use of a point-of-view cutaway in this three set-up comedy, filmed just outside the Furze Hill entrance to St Ann's Well Gardens. A gentleman in a top hat uses his telescope to spy on events in the park [Pair of images above left]. Released in the US by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company April 1903 [above left—click on the picture to view the film]
A Bad Cigar 75ft
The Conjuror 50ft
Grandma Threading Her NeedleThe Dull Razor 75ft—features Tom Green
Grandma Threading Her Needle50ft or 75ft—features Eva Bayley [right]. Released in the US by Edison Manufacturing Company September 1902
Grandma's Reading Glass †* 100ft—Another innovation: Smith experiments with big close-ups cut into a medium shot of the boy and his grandmother [pair of images above right]. Some sources attribute this film to Arthur Melbourne Cooper and claim it was only distributed by Smith, the actors being Cooper's mother, Catherine, and her grandson Bert Massey

The House That Jack BuiltThe House That Jack Built Let Me Dream Again Lettie Limelight in her Lair
Grandmother's Wolf
The House that Jack Built † 50ft—Jack knocks over the house of bricks his sister has made but when the film is reversed, as instructed by a caption, he appears to re-build the house [above left]. Released in the US by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company April 1903
An Incident on Brighton Pier 50ft
A Jolly Old Couple 75ft—features Brighton comedian Tom Green
Let Me Dream Again †* 75ft—features Tom Green and Laura Bayley [above centre]. Technically important as the transition between the two shots involves de-focusing the first and bringing the second into focus to show the change from dream to reality—a technique still used today. Pathι copied the film in 1902 with a dissolve.
Letty Limelight in Her Lair (alt titles A Lady at her Morning Toilet, Miss Bayley) 200ft—features Eva Bayley as an actress preparing in her dressing room [above right]

Old Maid's Valentine A Quick Shave and Brush-upQuick Shave and Brush-Up A Scnadal Over the Teacups
View the filmThe Old Maid's Valentine † 57 secs (alt title The Valentine) 50ft— features Laura Bayley [above left—click on the picture to view the film]
A Quick Shave and Brush-Up 50ft—features Tom Green [above centre]. 'As most men have had a similar experience [a painful shave], this subject is bound to create much mirth among an audience' [Warwick catalogue description]
Scandal Over the Teacups † 75ft—features Eva Bayley and Laura Bayley [above right]
Spiders on a Web Snapshotting an Audience 75ft
Spiders on a Web † 15 secs—close-up of two spiders in a circular mask [right] [Photo: BFI]
Two Grinning Yokels 50ft
Two Jolly Old Fellows (alt title They Are Jolly Good Fellows) 100ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
The Two Old Sports 50ft or 75ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter. Released in US by Selig Polyscope January 1903. Copied by Edison as Art Studies in 1903 [0067]
The Two Old Sports' Game of Nap (alt title The Winning Hand) 125ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
The Two Old Sports' Political Discussion 75ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
The Village Choir 75ft
Where Did You Get It? 75ft
• The following seven titles (12 films) made by G A Smith for Warwick Trading Company:
Eugene Sandow series: Beauty and the Sandow Exerciser (50ft), A Convenient Cigar Lighter (50ft), Physical Culture by Sandow's Pupils (75ft), Sandow's Herculean Feat (50ft), Sandow's Record Lift (75ft), Sandow's Roman Horse Lift (75ft)
Exhibition of Quick Harnessing with Trained Horses 75ft
Kansas City Fire Department Drill 100ft
Launch of Brighton Lifeboat from Pier 100ft
Panorama of the Lake and Its Surroundings (alt title Panorama of Crystal Palace Lake) 50ft
Panorama View of Crystal Palace Terraces 100ft
The Prehistoric Monsters at Crystal Palace 100ft

• The following 10 titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
Attack on a Chinese MissionAttack on a China Mission—Blue Jackets to the Rescue †* (released November)—a longer film of 230ft (four minutes). For its time a major production, comprising four set-ups with cutting between each. This is almost the certainly the first film ever to use the principle of what later is known as montage: cutting between shots to heighten the drama and to show reverse angles. Historian John Barnes wrote that 'this is one of the key films in the history of the cinema and had the most fully developed narrative of any film made in England up to that time'. The film was shot at the soon-to-be-demolished Ivy Lodge in Old Shoreham Road with a cast of more than two dozen, including Mr Lepard, Mr James and Williamson's 16-year-old daughter Florence, who worked at the time as an assistant in his shop. The film was released in the USA on 28 November 1903.
The Brighton Queen 200ft—pleasure cruise steamer of the Brighton, Worthing and South Coast Steamboat Company
Circular Panorama of Brighton Front 52ft
Clever and Comic Cycle Act—features Lotto, Lilo and Otto, Champion Juvenile Bicyclists. [These music hall artistes had appeared on London bills at Gatti's and elsewhere in the 1890s with Marie Loftus, who in this year became the first person to move to what became Bungalow Town.]
The Disabled Motor
Great Glove Fight 2 parts, 230ft
La Marguerite 65ft
The Sea-going Car 75ft—Magnus Volk's Daddy Long-legs tram that ran from Kemp Town to Rottingdean below the tide level on Brighton beach but which closed during the summer of 1900 for repairs and was never able to re-open
Three Novel Railways 75ft—in Brighton
Volk's Electric Railway 44ft—Magnus Volk's electric railway on Brighton beach
• Also shot by Williamson away from Brighton (four titles, 10 films) for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
Circular Panorama of Windsor Castle 30 secs/30ft
Military Tournament 800ft series: Bareback Riding (50ft), Bayonet Exercise (41ft), Gymnastic Exrcise on Chairs (70ft), Heads and Posts (30ft), Quarterstaff Display (62ft), Vaulting Horse Display (75ft), Wrestling on Horseback (45ft)
Panorama of Dover Harbour 50ft
Panorama of Folkestone from the Pier 60ft

• 1901

• The following 10 titles directed by G A Smith for GAS Films:
The Bill Poster's Revenge 50ft
Dogs in the Surf
A Good Story 50ft
In the Green Room 100ft
The Kitten Nursery 100ft
The Last Glass of the Two Old Sports50ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
The Little Doctor and the Sick Kitten (alt titles The Little Doctor, The Sick Kitten) 50ft—remade in 1903 (see below)
The Monocle: Me and Joe Chamberlain 50ft
A Photograph Taken from Our Area Window 100ft—possibly directed by Laura Bayley, Mrs G A Smith
Whisky versus Bullets 50ft
• The following eight titles (10 films) made by G A Smith for Warwick Trading Company:
Bicycle Race at the Crystal Palace 100ft
Corpus Christi Procession at Naples 100ft
Crystal Palace series: Incidents from the Battle of Trafalgar (50ft), Water Carnival (75ft), Water Pantomime (50ft)
Naples and Vesuvius 50ft
Naval Demonstration: SS Ophir 50ft
Panorama of Naples Harbour 50ft
Pall Mall and Hyde Park
Vesuvius in Eruption 50ft

• The following 16 titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
Are You There? (US title A Telephone Romance) 75ft—features Sam Dalton
Bicycle Polo 200ft

Stop thief! Fire!Fire!
View the filmThe Big Swallow (US title A Photographic Contortion, alt titles: I Won't, I Won't, I'll Eat the Camera First, The Swallower) †* 60ft—features Sam Dalton[above centre]. A reluctant sitter for a photograph approaches and swallows the camera. This is perhaps the first time that the camera becomes part of the action, rather than merely observing it, making it the first metafictional film. [above left—click on the picture to view the film]
Cyclist Scouts in Action 150ft
The Elixir of Life 90ft—features Sam Dalton
Fire! (US title Life of a London Fireman) †* 280ft (October)—narrative drama, featuring Hove Fire Brigade. The five scenes included one outside Hove Fire Station, then at 85 George Street; the fire itself was staged at the derelict Ivy Lodge [above right].
Harlequinade: What They Found in the Laundry Basket 240ft
The Magic Extinguisher † 110ft—features Sam Dalton
Marvellous Capillary Elixir
The Marvellous Hair Restorer (alt title: Magic Hair Restorer) 105ft—features Sam Dalton
Over the Garden Wall 65ft
The Puzzled Bather and His Animated Clothes (alt titles: The Puszled Bather, The Bather) 80ft
Scenes on the Beach at Brighton 100ft
Stop Thief! † * 115ft (October). A three-shot chase—perhaps the first ever made—anticipating the Keystone Kops [above left]. The second shot includes a deliberate jump-cut to speed up action, of the kind not normally practised until the French New Wave cinema of the late 1950s. [0067] This film can be seen at Hove Museum.
Teasing Grandpa 92ft—another in the 'two naughty boys' series, featuring Williamson's sons Alan and Colin
Tomorrow Will be Friday 95ft—features John Macauley
• The following title (three films) shot by Williamson away from Brighton:
Queen Victoria's Funeral series (January): The Alberta Leaving the Trinity Pier (60ft), Funeral of Her Late Majesty (100ft), The London Procession (170ft)

• 1902

• The following 29 titles directed by G A Smith for GAS Films:
After Dark, or The Policeman and His Lantern (US title Life of a London Policeman and Life of a London Bobby) 200ft or 225ft—Featues Tom Green. Released in the US by S Lubin 18 July 1903. 'This is a mixture of fun and pathos. When the picture first bursts into view, the exterior of an English Police Station is seen, from which the squad emerges. A change and then one of the "finest" is seen posing before a great building as though proud of his uniform. Again a change and we see a table on which was placed a dark lantern. Bobby's hand reaches forth and grasps the lantern and we follow him through the famous "White Chapel" district of which we have heard so much. All that is seen are the rays of light from the lantern and the object at which they are pointed. We see a high board fence on which a number of advertisements appear and the rays move along until "Bobby's" best girl is seen on the top of the steps leading into the basement of the house where she is employed. In her hand she holds dainty viands, which she knows Bobby delights in, and she beckons to him to follow. In this case you can draw your own conclusions. We follow the light through all the dark passages of the district until it enters a bank building and surprises a burglar at work on a safe. Suddenly Bobby appears behind the lantern, a scuffle ensues and the burglar is captured. This is undoubtedly one of the most novel moving pictures ever made.' [Lubin catalogue synopsis]
The Amazons' March and Evolutions 75ft
At Last! That Awful Tooth (alt title Oh! That Awful Tooth) 50ft
The Cakewalk 75ft—features The Melrose Trio (includes Mat and Lalla Melrose), music hall artistes
The Comedian and the Flypaper (US title The Absent Minded Clerk, Fly Paper and Silk Hat) 75ft—features Mat Melrose, a music hall artiste who later appeared at the Worthing Kursaal; released in the US by Edison Manufacturing Company May 1902
The Donkey and the Serpentine Dancer 75ft
An Episode in the Life of a Lodger 110ft
Hilarity of Board Ship 125ft
His First Cigar, Probably His Last 100ft
How Pa Reads the Morning Paper
The Irishman and His Button 50ft
The March of the Amazons 75ft
The Monk in the Monastery Wine Cellar 50ft—Released in the US by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company April 1903
The Monk in the Studio 100ft
The Monk's Macaroni Feast 125ft
The Monk's Ruse for Lunch 100ft
Mother Goose Nursery Rhymes 550ft or 600ft—features Tom Green. Released in the US by Edison Manufacturing Company February 1903
Oh That Collar Button! 50ft
Pa's Comment on the Morning News 75ft—Released in the US by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company April 1903
Pantomime Girls Having a Lark 50ft
The Puritan Maiden's Upside-Down Dance
Robinson Crusoe
Tambourine Dancing Quartet 135ft
That Awful Cigar (alt title A Bad Cigar) 100ft
Tommy and the Mouse in the Art School (alt title Little Willie and the Mouse) 50ft
Tommy Atkins and his Harriet on a Bank Holiday 50ft
Too Much of a Good Thing 50ft
Topsy-Turvy Dance by Three Quaker Maidens † 125ft
The Two Old Sports at the Music Hall 75ft—features Tom Green and Mr Hunter
• The following three titles made by Smith for Warwick Trading Company:
Coronation of Edward VIIAscent of a Crystal Palace Balloon 75ft.
Ping-Pong Contest at Crystal Palace 50ft.
Various Stages of Balloon Inflation 125ft.

• The following title co-directed by G A Smith and Georges Mιliθs for Warwick Trading Company and Star Films:
Coronation of Their Majesties King Edward VII and Queen Alexandria [sic] (alt title Le Sacrι d'Edouard) (June)—produced by Charles Urban and made with actors in advance of the actual event at Star Film studio in Montreuil, Paris. The first known dramatic pre-construction [right].

• The following 18 titles by James Williamson for Williamson & Co/Williamson Kinematograph Company:
The Acrobatic Tramps 104ft—features John and Charles Cobbold (a possible precursor of Chaplin?)
An Amateur Bill Sykes 88ft
Burlesque of Popular Composers 150ft—features Mr Hanson
Captain Clives and his Clever Dog Tiger—features Captain Clives (real name Alfred Holmes, born in Brighton), 'the World's Only Dog Equilibrist'.
Close Quarters, with a Notion of the Motion of the Ocean (alt title: Down Below) 115ft
An Extra Turn 70ft
A Day in Camp with the Volunteers 200ft
Fighting His Battles Over Again 145ft
Little Match Seller A Lady's First Lesson on the Bicycle 75ft—features Nellie Wallace and John Cobbold. Nellie Wallace (1870-1948) was one of the enduring stars of music hall. She appeared at the Palace Pier theatre and at the Hippodrome
View the filmThe Little Match Seller (alt title: The Little Match Girl) † 210ft—This is one of the earliest film adaptations from a literary source, the story by Hans Christian Andersen. To view this film, click on the picture
Professor ReddishPing-Pong (US title The Hodcarriers' Ping Pong) 90ft
Plumpton Steeplechase 2 parts totally 220ft—at the racecourse north of Brighton
Professor Reddish Performs his Celebrated Bicycle Dive † 80ft—a trick cyclist, 'Professor' Reddish, rides down a ramp and dives off the West Pier on his bicycle, seen also in reverse [right]. According to the BFI's screenonline, a longer version of the film with the title Flying the Foam and Some Fancy Diving was issued in 1906. However, as the difference in length is 40ft (ie, less than three seconds), that may be accounted for simply by the addition of a title.
A Reservist Before the War and After the War A Reservist Before the War and After the War (December) † 290ft—Social realism, with intertitling [left]
Sambo 80ft—features Sam Dalton
The Soldier's Return The Soldier's Return (June) † 185ft—Social realism: an unemployed former soldier after the Boer War. Partly filmed at the Brighton Workhouse in Elm Grove (now Brighton General Hospital) [right]
Those Troublesome Boys 102 ft—features Williamson's sons Alan and Colin
A Workman's Paradise 170ft
• The following eight titles (28 films) shot by Williamson away from Brighton:
Coronation Procession series: Close View of State Coach (20ft), Dress Carriages (50ft), The King's Procession (100ft), Prince of Wales's Procession (45ft), The State Coach (120ft), The State Coach at the Canadian Arch (40ft), Trumpeters Royal Horse Guards (45ft)
Coronation Through London on Wednesday June 25 nine parts totalling 346ft—this must have been a rehearsal as the coronation, scheduled for 26 June, was postponed on 24 June because the king required an emergency appendectomy. The coronation took place on 9 August.
The Imperial Troupe of Russian Dancers
Magnificent Panorama of the Fleet three parts, totalling 487ft
Naval Review 125ft
Opening of Parliament Procession
Panorama on the Belfast and North of Ireland Railway 250ft
Scotland series: Circular Panorama of Edinburgh (60ft), Circular Panorama of the Forth Bridge (65ft), Panorama of Princes Street, Edinburgh (90ft), Ride on the Glasgow Trams (130ft), Scenes on the Clyde (75ft)

• 1903

• The following nine titles directed by G A Smith for GAS Films, distributed in the UK by Urban Trading Company:
The Baby and the Ape (US title The Baby, the Monkey and the Milk Bottle) 150ft—Released in the US by Georges Mιliθs January 1904
Dorothy's Dream (alt title A Dream of Fairyland) 570ft, 573ft or 600ft—features Eva Bayley. Dorothy (presaging The Wizard of Oz?) dreams of being a series of characters: Aladdin, Bluebeard, Cinderella, Dick Whittington. Released in the US by Kleine Optical Company/Edison Manufacturing Company July 1904
The Girl on the Ball (c.26 June). Newsreel footage of Mlle Florence, an American music hall artiste, completing a walk from London to Brighton on a globe, approximately two feet in diameter. The film is shown the same night at the Alhambra and Hippodrome.
The Free Trade Bench 50ft. Smith was apparently a supporter of the more protectionist 'fair trade' proposition of Joseph Chamberlain, the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
John Bull's Hearth (alt title John Bull's Fireside) 185ft—Released by Urban Trading Company. The Optical Lantern and Cinematographic Journal described it thus: A 'Frenchman and German, Russian and American ... enter singly, and, seeing the words "Free Trade" over the mantlepiece, seat themselves comfortably round John's fire, leaving him standing room only. While in this position a Colonial arrives, and with the help of John, turns out the foreigners.' The Colonial shows the audience a picture of Joseph Chamberlain and replaces the 'Free Trade' sign with one proclaimsing 'Fair Trade'.
The Little Witness
Mary Jane's MishapView the filmMary Jane's Mishap, or Don't Fool with the Paraffin †* 250ft—The film consists of 12 shots, cutting to closer shots to show the effects of Mary Jane's activities in the wider shot. Other effects used include superimposition, a wipe and a close-up of the humorous text of the gravestone, which is effectively an intertitle. Released in the US by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, Kleine Optical Company, Edison Manufacturing Company and S Lubin April 1903. 'Mary Jane rises early, enters kitchen yawning. Notices time of morning—hurriedly builds fire, blacks the boots—smudges her face—admires herself in a hand mirror—Grimaces (large)—discovers the fire's out—Happy idea!—Paraffin applied, strikes a light, applies same—Explosion—Mary Jane blown up the chimney. Scene—House tops—Mary Jane blown through chimney-tops amidst volumes of smoke—Mary Jane descends in pieces—Scene—Cemetery. Appropriate epitaph on tombstone—Visitors seeking M. J.'s resting place—Overcome with emotion—fright through appearance of M.J.'s ghost arising. Ghost seeks something. Found at last?—the Paraffin Can. M. J.'s ghost re-enters tomb contented. Finale—M. J.'s cat the only mourner.—Curtain and Moral. Extremely funny. [Biograph catalogue synopsis]. This is a substantially extended version of a two-shot Edison film of 1901 called The Finish of Bridget McKeen. To view the film click on the picture.
The Sick Kitten Old King Cole and Blackbird Pie
View the filmThe Sick Kitten †* 1 min—A remake of his 1901 film The Little Doctors. To view the film click on the picture.
Two Brave Little Chaps

• The following 14 titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
The Dear Boys Home for the HolidaysThe Dear Boys Home for the Holidays (alt title: Boys Will be Boys) † 290ft—Williamson appears as the father, his sons Tom and Stuart play the boys [left]
The Deserter 520ft (October)—Melodrama in which a soldier must desert to attend his father's deathbed.
The Elixir of Life
The Evil-doer's Sad End 125ft
Juggins' Motor 125ft
No Bathing Allowed 140ft—features Charles Cobbold
Quarrelsome Neighbours 125ft
Remorse: A tragedy in five acts 450 ft—features D Philippe in a version of his own play
Spring Cleaning 210ft—Williamson appears as the father
A Trip to Southend or Blackpool 163ft
Wait Till Jack Comes Home 430ft (September)
The Workman's Paradise
The Wrong Chimney 150ft
The Wrong Poison 160ft

• Other
Trichrome Experimental Film—Jumeaux & Davidson

• 1904

• The following eight titles by G A Smith for Charles Urban Trading Company:
Fireworks Display at Crystal Palace 125ft
Great Display of Brock's Fireworks 275ft
Holiday Makers Dancing on Crystal Palace Terrace 50ft
International Cycling Races at Crystal Palace 225ft
Motor Climbing Contest at Crystal Palace 125ft
Phillips' New Flying Machine 100ft
Repulsing an Attack by Artillery and Cycle Maxim Corps 175ft
Sir Hiram Maxim's Captive Flying Machines 75ft
• Smith now ceases regular film production to concentrate on development of colour cinematography

• The following 13 titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
An Affair of Honour 210ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
All's Well that Ends Well distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Clown's Telegram 255ft
Gabriel Grub the Surly Sexton 445ft—from a story by Charles Dickens, distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Great Sea Serpent 135ft
An Interesting Story †* 235ft—a man walks along with his nose in a book. He survives various mishaps until he is run over by a steamroller but is revived by magic. [A similar character, Dr Greenbow, appears in Alfred Hitchcock's black comedy The Trouble with Harry but without the steamroller.]
Oh! What a Surprise! 90ft—featuring Williamson's sons Tom and Stuart
The Old Chorister † 235ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Stowaway 550ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Student and the Housemaid 1904ft
They Forgot the Gamekeeper 65ft
The Tramp's Revenge 210ft distributed by Urban Trading Company
Two Brave Little Japs 490ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company

• In 1904 Alf Collins, a film maker normally working in London, made two films for Gaumont, On Brighton Pier and a comedy called A Day at Brighton. It must be assumed these were filmed in Brighton

• 1905

• The following 10 titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
Brown's Half Holiday 400ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
An Eclipse of the Moon 170ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
In the Good Old Times 55ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company

Our New Errand Boy
View the filmOur New Errand Boy † 350ft—Williamson appears as the grocer, his son Tom as the errand boy [above]. As the still shows, many scenes in Williamson's films can clearly be located in still identifiable parts of the area where he worked, giving them an added interest. Distributed by Urban Trading Company, Click on the picture to view the film
The Polite Lunatic 100ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Prodigal Son, or Ruined at the Races 585ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Real Sea Serpent
Rival Barbers 125ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
Sausages 275ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company
The Two Little Waifs 500ft, distributed by Urban Trading Company

• 1906


• The following title by G A Smith:
View the filmTartans of the Scottish Clans (colour test film) † 100ft. To view the film click on the image.

• The following three titles by G A Smith for Charles Urban Trading Company:
The Final Cup Tie Match 400ft
Great Rugby Match: England v Springboks 300ft
Togo's Heroes at the Crystal Palace 100ft

• The following seven titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company, all distributed by Urban Trading Company:
The Angler's Dream 300ft
A Day on His Own 330ft
Her First Cake 300ft
Mrs Brown Goes Home to Her Mother 350ft
The Sham Sword Swallower 350ft
Where There's a Will There's a Way 675ft
A Wicked Bounder 550ft
A film entitled Flying the Foam and Some Fancy Diving is a re-released version of Professor Reddish performs his Celebrated Bicycle Dive (see 1902)

• 1907

• The following title by G A Smith for Charles Urban Trading Company:
The Great Football Cup Final 450ft

• The following 10 titles directed by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
Bobby's Birthday 212ft
Cheating the Sweep distributed by Gaumont
Getting Rid of His Dog 310ft
Just in Time 540ft
The Miner's Daughter † 600ft
Moving Day 315ft
The Orphans 655ft
Pa Takes Up Physical Culture
Why the Wedding Was Put Off 225ft

• The following three titles directed by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company/Sociιtι des Etablissements L Gaumont:
After the Fancy Dress Ball 6 mins/360ft—released in US 7 September 1907 by Kleine Optical Company
Brown Goes to Mother 5½ mins/347ft—released in US February 1907 by Kleine Optical Company
The Orange Peel 245ft/260ft—features Tom Williamson, released in US 29 June 1907 by Kleine Optical Company

• The following title directed by James Williamson for Gaumont-British Picture Corporation:
The Village Fire Brigade 325ft

• The following title directed by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company/Urban-Eclipse:
The Brigand's Daughter—released in US 8 August 1908 by Kleine Optical Company

• 1908

Woman Draped in Patterned Handkerchiefs

• The following 17 titles by G A Smith for GAS Films and Charles Urban Trading Company in 'Kinemacolor':
Cat Studies † colour test film
View the filmWoman Draped in Patterned Handkerchiefs † colour test film, 45 seconds. To view the film click on the image
A Visit to the Seaside (US title A Visit to the Seaside at Brighton Beach, England) † 517ft/1,035ft—The first film made in Kinemacolor (trade shown September 1908) and almost certainly the world's first completed colour film. It features scenes of Brighton, including the White Coons and the Cameron Highlanders Band. The reason for there being two film lengths is probably that Kinemacolor used twice as much film, suggesting that the shorter version (half the length) was a monochrome copy for use in cinemas not equipped to show Kinemacolor. Moreover, one version was released by GAS Films and Charles Urban Trading Company, the other by Natural Colour Kinematograph Company. Released in the US by Kinemacolor Co. of America in December 1910
Incident on Brighton Beach
Sailing and Motor Boat Scenes at Southwick (alt title: Motor Boats and Yacht Races) 460ft
View of the Brighton Seafront
• (Probably) not shot in Brighton
Animal and Bird Studies 1,275ft
Band of the Queen's Highlanders
British Soldiers compilation totalling 840ft
Church Parade of the 7th Hussars and 16th Lancers
A Detachment of Gordon Highlanders
The Letter
The Rabbits, Sheep, A Carrot for the Donkey (alt title: Farmyard Friends) 1,155ft
Reaping (alt title: The Harvest) 740ft
Review of the British Navy 335ft
The Soldier's Pet
A Visit to Aldershot

• The following 14 titles by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
The Ayah's Revenge
A Countryman's Day in Town
A Day's Holiday
The Great Bargain Sale
The £100 Reward † 6 mins.
The Little Mother
My Wife's Dog
The Professor's Great Discovery
The Reconciliation
The Rent Collector
The Rival Cyclists
She Would Be a Suffragette
Sunshine After Storm
Uncle's Picnic

• The following four titles directed by Jack Chart for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
The Bully and the Recruit 350ft—features Chart and George V Wibrough; released in US by Empire Film Company on 26 June 1909
How They Made a Man of Billy Brown 575ft—features Chart
Raised from the Ranks 360ft—features Chart
Still Worthy of the Name 520ft—features Chart

• 1909

• G A Smith is now making Kinemacolor films for the Natural Colour Kinematograph Company (established in March 1909); 32 titles (41 films) are listed here. A programme of 21 Kinemacolor films is shown to a paying audience at the Palace Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, London on 26 February 1909—the world's first commercial colour film presentation.
An Anxious Foster Mother
Cart Horse Parade 345ft
Choosing the Wallpaper 215ft—a short black and white drama, made in Brighton for the Natural Colour Kinematograph Company.
Donkey Riding at Brighton
Kinemacolor Puzzle 195ft
Natural Colour Portraiture 375ft/750ft—a short comedy in Kinemacolor, written and directed by Smith
• Not shot in Brighton
Carnival Scenes in Nice and Cannes
Cascade de Courmes, France
The Chef's Preparations 1,090ft
Children's Battle of the Flowers, Nice
Empire Day Procession
German Military series: German Field Artillery, German Troops, German Troops Berlin, Officers Changing Horses, Uhlans and Dragoons
King and Queen Open the Victoria and Albert Museum
King Edward at Kensington
The King at Knowsley
The King's Derby
Review of British Navy at Southend End and Spithead series: Lt Shackleton on Board Armadale Castle, Lowering Nets and Approach of Submarine, Review at Spithead, Sir William May Receiving Lord Mayor, Southend en Fκte, Torpedo Attack on the Dreadnought
The River Thames 965ft
Riviera Coast Scenes
Riviera Fisher Folk
Royal Ascot
Scottish Lassie
The SS George Washington at Southampton 225ft
Sweet Flowers (alt title Floral Friends)
Three Thousand Children Forming the American Flag
Views of Unter den Linden—shot in Berlin
Visit of Lords of the Admiralty to HMS Dreadnought
Wannsee to Potsdam—shot in Berlin
Water Carnival at Villefranche
Waves and Spray
Waves and Spray on the Riviera
The Zoological Gardens

• The following four titles directed by James Williamson for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
'Arry and 'Arriet's Evening Out
The Letter Box Thief
Saved by a Dream
The Tower of London—based on Harrison Ainsworth's novel

• The following 10 titles directed by David Aylott for Williamson Kinematograph Company:
And Then He Woke Up—featuring Ernie Cornford and Margaret Scudamore. [Margaret Scudamore (1884-1958)—real name Daisy Scudamore—was the mother of (Sir) Michael Redgrave. This was her only known silent film role, although later in life she appeared in seven sound features, including A Canterbury Tale as Mrs Colpeper and uncredited in Black Narcissus.]
The Boy and the Convict †—drama based on Charles Dickens' Great Expectations. The non-studio scenes were shot at St Helen's churchyard in Hangleton and at the smithy in Poynings Road, Poynings; a sign on the wall advertises the nearby Royal Oak. The studio sets are very crude. Issued as a tinted print.
A Dash for Help
For Her Sake—featuring Aylott as the officer and Anita March as the RSM's wife
Scouts to the Rescue—featuring Frank and Mrs Sutherland as the gypsy couple, Aylott and Anita March as Farmer and Mrs Giles
Scratch as Scratch Can
Sorry, Can't Stop—featuring Bill Haley and Stuart Williamson
Squaring the Account
Two Naughty Boys
Unwelcome Chaperone—comedy featuring Bill Haley as Auntie, Ernie Cornford as The Beau and Anita March as The Girl

• The following title made by Warwick Trading Company
England Invaded—comedy by Leon Stormont, based on a popular theme in fiction at the time, mixing fiction and actuality footage. Shot at Devil's Dyke.

• 1910

• The following 35 titles directed by G A Smith for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company:
Barnyard Pets 680ft
Big Waves at Brighton 320ft
Choice Bouquets 685ft
The Dinner Party 170ft
Liquers and Cigars 510ft
Our Gem of a Cook 680ft
Polarised Light 675ft
Refreshments 480ft

• Definitely not shot in Brighton. Some of these film titles suggest a similar approach by Smith and Urban, shooting colour 'travelogue' footage in Kinemacolor, to that of Claude Friese-Greene 15 years later using the rival Biocolour system. The patent court case brought by Friese-Greene's father in 1914 against G A Smith and Charles Urban did much to curtail the development of colour cinematography in Britain.
American Passengers per SS Cedric 840ft
British Coast Towns 790ft
Caernarvon to Conway 850ft
Change of Guard at St James's Palace 485ft
England to France via Newhaven and Dieppe 645ft
Fording the River 330ft
From Bud to Blossom 1,025ft—pioneering natural history filming photographed by F Percy Smith, who became the first doyen of the genre
Glories of the Upper Thames 790ft
Happy Days on the Sea Shore 390ft
Launch of SS Olympic 550ft
A London Fire Call 265ft
Minden Day at Tidworth 495ft
Pageant of New Romney, Hythe and Sandwich Mr Roosevelt's Casket 245ft
On the River Avon, Stratford 650ft
Pageant of New Romney, Hythe and Sandwich 300ft [right] [Photo: BFI]
Picturesque Devonshire 990ft
Picturesque North Wales 950ft
Portsmouth to Ryde, Isle of Wight 620ft
The Queen Mother's Flag Over Buckingham Palace 55ft
A Run with the Exmoor Staghounds 1,000ft
Scenes at English Race Meetings 720ft
Scenes at Ventnor, Isle of Wight 1,040ft
Scenes in Cornwall 820ft
Scenes in the Isle of Wight 940ft
Shakespeare Land 505ft
Sports on the River Thames 110ft
Strawberry Harvest 425ft
Submarine and Torpedo Destroyers 630ft

• The following title by Theo Frenkel for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company (filming location of all titles is uncertain but stated below when known not to have been shot in Hove):
Oedipus Rex. Kinemacolor, adapted from Sophocles' play, featuring Frenkel as Oedipus and Suzanne de Baere as Iocasta; 56 mins. This may have been shot at the Kinemacolor studio in Nice. Released 11 January 1911 (or 1912?). [Frenkel's brother Louis Bouwmeester appeared in a Dutch version of the story made in 1912.]
• The following three titles by Theo Frenkel as Theo Bouwmeester for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company:
The Bully. IMDb says this was shot in Chicago, Illinois.
The Coster's Wedding. Kinemacolor.
The Old Hat. Kinemacolor.

• The following title by James Williamson:
The History of a Butterfly: A Romance of Insect Life—pioneering natural history filming

Local newsreels were shot in 1910 and later by Eddie Scriven and shown at the Empire Picture Theatre

• 1911

• The following 83 titles directed by G A Smith for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company in Kinemacolor:
Aeroplanes and Birdmen 635ft
All British Fashions Exhibition 410ft
Arrival of the Canadian Troops 320ft
Athletic Meeting at The Queen's Club 450ft
Badger Hunting at Cublington 795ft
Beach Drill at Hastings 670ft
The Birth of Spring Flowers 1,140ft—photographed by F Percy Smith
Boy Scouts at Windsor 600ft
British Motor-boat Racing 1,020ft
Canada: Niagara Falls 1,100ft
Canada: Nova Scotia to British Columbia 5,125ft
Canadian Troops in London 235ft
Children's Empire Day Procession 245ft
Children's Empire Day Review 885ft
The Coronation Derby 1,165ft
Coronation Drill at Reedham Orphanage 715ft
The Coronation Procession as Seen from the Mall 715ft
The Coronation Procession in Parliament Square 585ft
The Coronation Procession: Returning After the Crowning 585ft
The Coronation Procession: Trafalgar Square 425ft
A Country Fair 700ft
Cowes During Regatta Week 770ft
A Day at Henley 1,060ft
Disguising London 700ft
Edinburgh During the Visit of the King and Queen 745ft
Eton Day on the Thames 680ft
Feeding Poultry on the Prowse-Jones Farm 190ft
Festival Fete of the Royal Seamen's Orphanage 575ft
Foreign Officers' Jumping Practice 280ft
The Freshwater Aquarium 960ft—photographed by F Percy Smith
Gems and Jewels 960ft—photographed by F Percy Smith
High Jumping 575ft
Improved Methods of Agriculture 630ft
Incidents of the £400 Golf Tournament 615ft
Inspection of the Horses of the City of London Corporation 565ft
Investiture of the Prince of Wales with the Order of the Garter 1,125ft
The King Receiving Address and Knighting the Mayor of Windsor 295ft
The King Reviewing Troops at Phoenix Park 295ft
The King's Reception at Slough Station 305ft
Launch of HMS King George V 435ft
Leviathan of the Deep: SS Olympic 425ft
London: City Coronation Illuminations 215ft
London One Day Before the Coronation 325ft
Man's Best Friend 1,080ft
Marathon and Coaching Meets 575ft
Miss Lily Smith's Swim in the Solent 610ft
Mr Walter Winan's Entries for the Royal Horse Show 430ft
Molesey Regatta 230ft
The Mop Fair at Stratford-on-Avon 470ft
Nobility Leaving Chelsea for Westminster 390ft
Normal London 1,385ft
On an English Goat Farm 600ft
Otter Hunt Without a Kill 580ft
Pageantry Episodes of English History 890ft
Preparing Camps for the Arrival of the Troops 150ft
The Regalia Procession 245ft
Review of the Army Officers' Training Corps 830ft
Review of the Troops Before King and Kaiser 505ft
Royal Drive to the Crystal Palace 450ft
The Royal Horse Show 1,100ft
The Royal Navy Review 1,160ft
The Royal Progress: The King Receiving the City Sword 380ft
The Royal Progress from St Martin's Church 2,010ft
The Royal Progress in Hyde Park 360ft
The Royal Progress in Parliament Square 760ft
The Royal Regatta at Cowes 1,250ft
The Royal Visit to Ireland 1,065ft
Rule Britannia 165ft
Saturday Afternoon at the Hurlingham Club 370ft
Scenes Along the Jersey Coast 705ft
Scenes at the London Zoo 1,205ft—photographed by F Percy Smith
Scenes at the Prowse-Jones Garden Party 485ft
Scenes at the Royal Agricultural Show 470ft
Scenes in the Indian Camp at Hampton Court 995ft
State Ceremonies at the Death of King Edward VII series
Strange Mounts 1,585ft—features A H Wingfield's private menagerie at his home, Ampthill House, Bedfordshire; keepers are seen riding unusual animals
Their Majesties' Visit to the City 750ft
Their Majesties' Visit to the City Guildhall 775ft
Trooping the Colour 455ft
Unveiling of the Queen Victoria Memorial 1,145ft
Varieties of Sweet Peas 850ft—photographed by F Percy Smith
Watchdogs of the World 1,170ft
Wedding of Captain Betren and Madame Denisoff 310ft
Yarmouth Herring Industry 1,170ft

• The following 67 titles directed by Theo Frenkel for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company (filming location of all titles is uncertain but stated below when known not to have been shot in Hove). It is probable that these films were made in 1910 (see Theo Frenkel biography) but released gradually over the following months. All are in Kinemacolor and timings are, except where stated:
The Adopted Child. 19 mins. Released December 1911.
The Amorous Doctor. comedy; 2 mins. Released 27 April 1911.
A Balkan Episode. Released 31 August 1911.
The Blackmailer. 19 mins. Released 20 July 1911.
Boys Will Be Boys. 13 mins. Released September 1911.
Brown's German Liver Cure. comedy; 12 mins. Released 8 June 1911.
The Burglar as Father Christmas. drama; 14 mins. Released May 1911.
Caesar's Prisoners—featuring Frenkel as Julius Caesar and Julie Meijer as The Queen; 14 mins.
Checkmated. 18 mins. Released July 1911.
A Citizeness of Paris. 18 mins.
The Clown's Sacrifice. 17 mins. Released 25 May 1911.
The Crusader. 19 mins. Released 6 April 1911.
Dandy Dick of Bishopsgate. 19 mins. Released 16 November 1911.
Detective Henry and the Paris Apaches. 14 mins. Released 15 June 1911.
A Devoted Friend. 19 mins. Released 29 June 1911.
Ester: A Biblical Episode. 19 mins.
The Fall of Babylon—featuring Frenkel as Belshazzar, with Julie Meijer; 17 mins. Released 18 May 1911.
The Fisherman's Daughter. 17 mins. Released November 1911.
Following Mother's Footsteps (alt title: In His Mother's Footsteps. comedy; 16 mins. Released 4 May 1911.
For the Crown. 20 mins.
The Flower Girl of Florence. 19 mins. Released 1 June 1911.
A French Duel. 14 mins. Released 1 June 1911.
From Factory Girl to Prima Donna. 16 mins. Released 30 March 1911.
Galileo. 17 mins. Released July 1911.
The General's Only Son. 19 mins. Released 7 December 1911.
The Highlander. romance; 18 mins. Released 2 March 1911.
His Conscience. crime drama; 19 mins. Released 13 April 1911.
His Last Burglary. crime drama; 15 mins. Released 8 June 1911.
In the Reign of Terror. 17 mins. Released 27 July 1911.
The Inventor's Son. 19 mins. Released 28 December 1911.
Jane Shore. adapted from a play by Nicholas Rowe. Released 2 November 1911.
Johnson at the Wedding. comedy; 17 mins. Released 21 September 1911.
Julius Caesar's Sandals. Monochrome. Released 19 October 1911.
Kinemacolor Songs (alt titles Kitty of Coleraine, Simon the Cellarer. Released May 1911.
The King of Indigo. comedy; 10 mins. Released 9 March 1911.
Kitty the Dressmaker. romance; 16 mins. Released March 1911.
Lady Beaulay's Necklace. crime drama; 19 mins. Released 6 April 1911.
The Little Daughter's Letter. 16 mins. Released 31 August 1911.
The Lost Ring (alt title Johnson's Honeymoon). comedy; 14 mins. Released 25 March 1911.
Love in a Cottage. Monochrome, comedy; 19 mins. Released 21 September 1911.
Love of Riches. Monochrome; 19 mins. Released December 1911.
Love Story of Charles II. 18 mins. Released November 1911.
Love's Strategy. comedy; 19 mins. Released November 1911.
A Lucky Escape. Monochrome, comedy; 15 mins. Released 23 November 1911.
The Magic Ring. Monochrome, comedy; 15 mins. Released 28 December 1911.
A Modern Hero. crime drama; 13 mins. Released 13 April 1911.
Music Hath Charms. 14 mins. Released October 1911.
The Millionaire's Nephew. Monochrome; 15 mins. October 1911.
Nell Gwynn the Orange Girl. 19 mins. Released 21 December 1911.
A Noble Heart. 19 mins. Released 17 August 1911.
Oliver Cromwell. 18 mins. Released November 1911.
The Passions of an Egyptian Princess—featuring Julie Meijer as Cleopatra; 14 mins.
The Peasants and the Fairy. 16 mins.
The Priest's Burden. 16 mins. Released 14 December 1911.
The Rebel's Daughter. 17 mins. Released 11 April 1911.
Samson and Delilah. 15 mins. Released 27 July 1911.
The Silken Thread. 14 mins.
Swank and the Remedy. 17 mins. Released 11 May 1911.
Telemachus. costume drama; 16 mins. Released 18 May 1911.
La Tosca—adapted from Victorien Sardou's play, featuring Lillian Russell; 30 mins. May have been shot in the USA.
A Tragedy of the Olden Times (alt titles: A Story of the Olden Times, In the Olden Time. Monochrome crime drama.
Trilby and Svengali. adapted from George du Maurier's novel, featuring Frenkel as Svengali and Julie Meijer as Trilby. 17 mins.
Two Can Play at the Same Game. comedy; 14 mins. Released 15 June 1911.
The Two Chorus Girls. romance; 13 mins. Released 27 April 1911.
Two Christmas Hampers. 20 mins. Released 30 November 1911.

• The following by Theo Frenkel as Theo Bouwmeester for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company:
Fate—western, shot on location in Sussex; 19 mins. Released 4 May 1911.
Love Conquers. romance.

• The following eight titles directed by Walter R Booth and Theo Frenkel for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company:
The Hypnotist and the Convict. 8 mins. Released September 1911.
Little Lady Lafayette. 14 mins. Released September 1911.
Mischievous Puck. Monochrome; 13 mins. Released September 1911.
The Modern Pygmalion and Galatea. 9 mins. Released September 1911.
Mystic Manipulations. 15 mins.
Uncle's Picnic. 11 mins. Released September 1911.
Simpkin's Dream of a Holiday. 13 mins. Released 7 December 1911.
The Wizard and the Brigands. 12 mins. Released September 1911.

• 1912

• The following titles directed by G A Smith for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company in Kinemacolor:
Beads of the World 775ft

• The following 17 titles were released in 1912 and directed by Theo Frenkel for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company (filming location of all titles is uncertain but stated below when known not to have been shot in Hove). It is probable that these films were made as early as 1910 (see Theo Frenkel biography) but released gradually over the following months:
An Elizabethan Romance. 16 mins. Released 8 February 1912.
A Gambler's Villainy. 12 mins. Released 15 February 1912.
Gerald's Butterfly. 8 mins. Released 11 January 1912.
The Little Wooden Soldier. 28 mins. Released 4 January 1912.
The Lust for Gold—featuring Frenkel as King Midas, with Julie Meijer. Released 18 April 1912.
The Mighty Dollar. Released 30 May 1912.
The Minstrel King. 20 mins. Released 11 January 1912.
Ofia, the Woman Spy—featuring Frenkel and Julie Meijer as Ofia. Released 6 June 1912.
The Old Guitar. 20 mins. Released 25 January 1912.
Only a Woman—featuring Frenkel as Dennis. Released 25 April 1912.
Romani, the Brigand—featuring Frenkel and Julie Meijer. Released 18 April 1912.
A Seaside Comedy. comedy; 15 mins. Released 4 January 1912.
The Tide of Fortune. 20 mins. Released 18 January 1912.
A True Britton [sic]. 19 mins. Released 1 February 1912.
The Two Rivals. 14 mins. Released 11 January 1912.
The Vandal Outlaws—featuring Julie Meijer as The Baroness; 36 mins. Released 18 April 1912.
The Vicissitudes of a Top Hat. 16 mins. Released 18 January 1912.

• The following title directed by Walter R Booth and Theo Frenkel for Natural Colour Kinematograph Company:
The Cap of Invisibility. 9 mins. Released 1 February 1912.


• Later

Brighton and County Film Company is established c1911 by Walter Harold Speer (proprietor of the Queen's Electric Bioscope in Western Road), with financial backing from the racing driver S F Edge. The company name is soon changed to
BRIGHTONIA. Among its productions made in Brighton:
Xmas Greeting Film (1911)—65 ft/1 min, drama directed by Walter Speer.
A Nurse's Devotion (1912)—1,370ft/23 mins, drama directed by Walter Speer.
The Motor Bandits (1912)—1,017ft/17 mins, crime story directed by Walter Speer.
East Lynne (1913)—melodrama directed by Arthur Charrington from Mrs Henry Wood's play. Cast: Nell Emerald, Frank E Petley, H Agar Lyons, Monnie Mine and C S McConnell.
The Grip of Iron (1913)—directed by Arthur Charrington, based on a play by Arthur Shirley from the novel Les Estrangleurs de Paris by Belot. 3250 ft. Cast: Fred Powell, Nell Emerald, H Agar Lyons, Frank E Petley, Gertrude Price, Stanley Bedwell.

Regular film-making in Brighton now ceases and the centre of south coast production moves to Shoreham.

Films made in Shoreham

Information about other productions not listed here would be welcomed.

Page updated 22 August 2018
© David Fisher