Brighton and Hove people: B

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Pharmacist and druggist, pioneer of vaccination. Born in Pyrton, Oxfordshire, son of a labourer, the third of 12 children. (Ironically, his mother's name was Maria Stopes.) He married Mary West in 1828, whose brother was a chemist and worked for Badcock. She had 11 children and died within a couple of years of the birth of the youngest. 128 St James's Street [shop and residence]
BALDWIN, Edmund Chaplin OBE
Chartered accountant and auditor. Inducted into the Royal Brunswick Masonic Lodge in Brighton in 1907. Awarded the OBE in 1918 as honorary secretary of the Sussex County Association of Voluntary Workers. A keen francophile, he was inaugural president of the Brighton French Circle 1915-1926. (He died at Vichy, France.) Honorary Secretary of the Telephones and Telegraph Advisory Committee. He left over £54,000. His family mausoleum, designed by J L Denman, is Grade II listed. 8 [later 9] North Street [offices]
31 St Nicholas Road [residence 1887-1891]
27 Temple Street [residence 1899-1907]
9 Windlesham Avenue [residence 1908-1935]
Brighton Extramural Cemetery, Lewes Road [mausoleum]
St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place [memorial window]
BALDWIN, Stanley, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley KG
British Conservative prime minister (1923-1924, 1924-1929, 1935-1937). Attended Brighton College after leaving Harrow School. Brighton College, Eastern Road
Poynter Road
BARNETT, Dame Henrietta Octavia Weston
A founder of Hampstead Garden Suburb. Wife (née Rowland) of Samuel Barnett. 45 Wish Road [residence]
St Helen's CHurch, Hangleton Way [grave]
BARNETT, Samuel Augustus
Founder of Toynbee Hall. Husband of Dame Henrietta Barnett. St Helen's Church, Hangleton Way [grave]
In the 1880s he was a member of the Moore & Burgess Minstrel Show before moving into hotel-keeping in the north-east. He went into entertainment in 1895 when he took over a wooden circus building on the site of a pit-heap in Jarrow and created the Jarrow Palace of Varieties music hall. His soubriquet was 'the born hustler'. He married Maud D'Almayne, a music hall singer and his second wife, in 1897. In March 1899 he bought the Tivoli music hall in Leeds and introduced twice nightly performances at low prices—a policy he repeated in his other halls. Films were included on the bill at his theatres from 1900, typically as the last item and with orchestral accompaniment. As part of his rapid expansion he acquired in 1902 the Brighton Hippodrome and the Empire Theatre in New Road, Brighton, which he renamed the Coliseum Theatre (later the Court Cinema). At this time he moved his base from Leeds to Brighton. In 1905 Barrasford opened the Alhambra music hall in Paris and arranged cross-channel tours of artistes in both directions. Local newsreels were made for the Leeds Tivoli by film cameraman Owen Brooks, who appears to have been mainly responsible for developing a version of the cinematograph for use in the Hippodromes with the name Barrascope. In 1908 Barrasford and William Faulkner, an engineer at the Brighton Hippodrome, patented 'a fire extinguishing contrivance for use with kinematographs'. He was also a noted race-horse owner and invented a starting gate that went into production and was adopted by the Jockey Club. He died at his home, Hippodrome House, next door to the theatre, leaving an estate of around £70,000. His funeral is said to have been one of the largest ever seen in Brighton. Hippodrome, Middle Street
Empire Theatre (Court Cinema), New Road
Trunk murder victim. Cavendish Street
Artist and theatre set designer, expert on Art Nouveau. Trained as an actor at RADA but concentrated on stage sets after being commissioned to design Laurence Olivier's production of Hamlet at the Old Vic (1938).He specialised in trompe l'oeil paintings. Helped to establish Brighton Museum's collection of 20th-century art. 36 Sussex Square [residence 1964-1973]
20 Prince Albert Street [studio/shop c1968]
BEARD family Extensive family of landowners in the east of Brighton and at Rottingdean/Ovingdean. There is a family vault in St Wulfran's churchyard. Beard's Lane
St Wulfran's churchyard, Greenways
Illustrator, born in Buckingham Road. He stayed for much of his childhood with an aunt in Lower Rock Gardens. 31 Buckingham Road*
21 Lower Rock Gardens
BELLINGHAM family An old Sussex family: an Edward Bellingham of Erringham, Sussex was an uncle by marriage to Anthony Sherley of Preston.
      His son Sir Edward Bellingham (1506-1549) was a Lord Deputy of Ireland.
      Richard Bellingham (d 1553) was Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey in 1529, 1535 and 1543; he built Hangleton Manor in the 1540s.
      Edward Bellingham was High Sheriff of Sussex in 1566 and (presumably) another Edward was High Sheriff of Sussex and Surrey in 1611.
Bellingham Crescent
Hangleton Manor
BENETT, Vere Fane
Vere Fane Benett-StanfordMarried Ellen Stanford, the heiress of Preston Manor, and changed his name to BENETT-STANFORD. He was MP for Salisbury in 1873-1880. Benett Road
Preston Manor
BENNEY, (Ernest Alfred) Sallis ARCA
Artist (landscape paintings) and designer (commemorative plaques), born in Bradford. In 1934 he was appointed Director of Art Education for the Councty Borough of Brighton and Principal of Brighton School of Art. He introduced new departments for theatre and cinema design. The theatre at the school (now part of the University of Brighton) is named in his honour. Brighton Museum and Art Gallery has some of his work, as do the Towner Gallery at Eastbourne and Worthing Art Gallery.
BERESFORD, Lord Marcus Talbot de la Poer KCVO
Son of the 4th Marquess of Waterford, lived here at the time he ran the stables of the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII, and then of George V from 1890 to 1922. 35 Adelaide Crescent
BEST, Edna Clara
Film star, who made her first screen appearance in the title role in Tilly of Bloomsbury, produced by G B Samuelson in 1921. She had the lead role in nearly all her subsequent films, including three in 1931-32 in which she played opposite Herbert Marshall, whom she had married in 1928 as the second of her three husbands. Her first American film was Michael Curtiz' The Key (1934), playing opposite William Powell but she returned to England and in the same year she was in Alfred Hitchcock's British (first) version of The Man Who Knew Too Much. In 1938 she was in a BBC Television version of Love from a Stranger. She returned to America around the outbreak of war in Europe and appeared in half a dozen more films. In the 1950s her work was confined to American television. Her father, Leonard Best, was a well-to-do stockbroker and in Edna's childhood the family lived in Pembroke Crescent. Her stage début was in September 1917. She played Peter Pan in the early 1920s and acted on stage throughout her career. She is commemorated on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Redcliff, Pembroke Crescent
BEVAN, Robert
Post-impressionist painter, was born at the home of his grandfather in Brunswick Square. 17 Brunswick Square*
BINDER, Pearl (Polly), Lady Elwyn-Jones
Pearl BinderWriter and artist (lithography, sculpture, stained glass, illustration). Born in Salford, the daughter of a Jewish tailor Russian-Ukrainian immigrant, she studed at the Central School of Art and Design, then settled in the East End, which provided material for her drawings and her association with the pearly kings and queens. With James Laver, she co-presented a children's television series about the history of fashion in 1937, the year she married barrister Frederick Elwyn Jones. She died in Brighton, seven weeks after the death of her husband. 17 Lewes Crescent* [residence]
BLABER, William
Chairman and managing director of the Brighton Hove and Preston Waterworks Company.
BLACK, Arthur
Son of David Black and brother of Clementina Black, Constance Garnett and Ernest Black. He was a mathematician. In 1893 he killed his wife, his son and himself, leaving a daughter, who survived. 40 Buckingham Place
>BLACK, Clementina
Clementina BlackDaughter of David Black and sister of Constance Garnett and Ernest Black. She was a writer and political activist, being involved in the Fabian Society, the women's suffrage campaign and in trades unionism, as an organiser of the Bryant and May 'match girl' strike of 1888. 40 Buckingham Place
BLACK, David
Solicitor, who became town clerk and coroner of Brighton. Father of Constance Garnett and Ernest Black. He became paralysed in 1873 and was an invalid for the remainder of his life. Left £8,640 9s 9d. 40 Buckingham Place
BLACK, Alderman Hugh Milner
Pharmacist, optician and local councillor. Born in London, married in Australia in 1893, returned to England c1896 and settled in Brighton by 1900. In 1913 he was granted a US patent for an eye-testing device and another in 1915 for an advertising sign. Elected as a local councillor in 1902.Mayor of Brighton 1924, in which role he opened both Dyke Road Park and Saunders Park. Made a Freeman of the Borough of Brighton in 1948.There is a memorial plaque at Woodvale Cemetery and Crematorium. 81 St James's Street [shop]
16 New Steine [residence 1901-13]
'Panta Rei', 3 Windlesham Gardens [residence 1913-1950]
Milner Flats
BLACK, Tom Campbell
Tom Campbell BlackSon of Hugh Milner Black, educated at Brighton College and the Royal Naval College at Greenwich, from which he entered the Royal Naval Air Service in 1917, becoming a captain in the newly formed Royal Air Force. With his brother he managed a coffee plantation in Kenya until joining the newly formed Wilson Airways in Kenya in 1929. In 1934 he and C W A Scott won the London to Melbourne Air Race and a prize of £10,000. He married the actress Florence Desmond (1905-1993) a year before his death, which occurred in an accident at Speke Airport, Liverpool. There is a memorial plaque at Woodvale Cemetery and Crematorium. 81 St James's Street [residence 1911]
16 New Steine [residence 1901]
'Panta Rei', 3 Windlesham Gardens [residence]
BLACKETT, Admiral Henry
His wife was Hon Pamela Mary Fisher, daughter of Admiral of the Fleet Jackie Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher. 9 Palmeira Court
BLAKER, Alderman Frederick
Younger brother of Sir John Blaker, he was mayor of Brighton in 1904/05. Blaker Street
Blaker's Park
Quarry Bank Road
BLAKER, Sir John (George) bt
J G BlakerMayor of Brighton 1895-98 and was created a baronet in 1919. His son was Reginald Blaker. Blaker Street
Blaker's Park
BLAKER, Sir Reginald, 2nd bt
Son of Sir John Blaker, he was Conservative MP for Spelthorne 1931-1945. Blaker Street
Blaker's Park
Quarry Bank Road
BODLE, Richard
Member of an old Brighton family; High Constable of Brighton in 1818. Bodle's Court
BOND, Sir (Charles) Hubert KBE FRCP
Psychiatrist and mental health administrator. After appointments in mental hospitals, he was appointed a Commissioner in Lunacy in 1912 and a commissioner of the Board of Control for Lunacy and Mental Deficiiency when it was formed in 1914. He became one of the four senior commissioners in 1930 and remained there until shortly before his death. 10 Portland Place [residence 1925-1945]
BOOTH, Edward Thomas
Born in Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire and educated at a private school in Brighton, then Harrow and Cambridge, the son of a gentleman of independent means, Booth learned how to stuff birds from a barber near his father's house in St Leonards. He captired birds on the marshes near Rye, then travelling off to Norfolk and the Scottish highlands. He moved to Brighton around 1865 and acquired a large site on Dyke Road in 1874. The 'bird museum' he built was bequeathed to Brighton Corporation. • Booth Museum, Dyke Road
Irish actor and dramatist. 6 Cavendish Place* [residence 1862-1872]
BOWEN, Sir George Ferguson
Successively governor of Queensland, New Zealand, Victoria, Mauritius and Hong Kong, died at the Metropole Hotel. Metropole Hotel, King's Road
BOWRING, Edgar Alfred CB
He married Thomas Cubitt's fourth daughter, Sophia in 1853. As a civil servant he was librarian and registrar at the Board of Trade 1848-1863, during which time he was secretary to the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851. He was Liberal MP for Exeter 1868-1874. He was also a translator from the German, including the works of Goethe and Schiller. Bowring Way
5 Lewes Crescent [residence 1883-1911, deathplace]
BOXALL, William Percival JP
Bought land from Thomas Cubitt and was a landowner in the Kemp Town area who donated land on Sutherland Road for St Matthew's Church. Belle Vue Hall [residence]
Percival Terrace
Clarendon Terrace [developer]
BOYCE, Sarah
Member of a local family who owned land/property in the Old Town. Boyce's Lane
Frank BridgeComposer and tutor of Benjamin Britten, born one of 12 children at 7 North Road. 7 North Road* [birthplace]
BRIGDEN, Alderman John Leonhardt
Four-time mayor of Brighton 1863-1865 and 1873-1875. A cup presented to him to mark his four terms was donated to the city by his family in 2004. Brigden Street
BRILL, Charles
Opened the baths, built in 1869, that bore his name between East Street and Pool Valley, demolished in 1929. He also built Clarendon Mansions in 1870 on the south-east corner of East Street. East Street
Brill's Lane
BRISTOL, 1st Marquess/5th Earl of See Hervey, Frederick William. • Bristol Estate: Bristol Gardens; Bristol Gate; Bristol Mews; Bristol Road; Bristol Road East; Bristol Street; Bristol Terrace
BROOKE, Valentine E
Actor under the name Valentine Rooke. In 1939, when he gave his occupation as radio announcer, he married the actress Patricia Hayes. Their son, Richard is an actor (stage name Richard O'Callaghan). He died in Miami, Florida. 138b Marine Parade [residence 1939]
Attoney and notary. His will is in the National Archives1. Hanover Crescent
97 North Street [office 1800]

1PROB 11/2081/337
BROWN, Captain Samuel
Built the Chain Pier. Royal Suspension Chain Pier, Madeira Drive
48 Marine Parade
BROWNE, Hablot Knight
Artist and illustrator, known as Phiz, most famous for illustrating the works of Charles Dickens. 8 Clarendon Villas [residence]
BRUNEL, Adrian (Hope)
A leading film director of the 1920s, noted for humour and parody. Educated at Harrow, in 1909 he founded the Sussex Men's League for Women's Suffrage in Portslade. After making his first film in 1917 he founded Minerva Films with the actor Leslie Howard and writer A A Milne, which made six films in 1920-21, all directed by Brunel and written by either him or Milne, two of them starring Howard and one C Aubrey Smith. In 1939 he was one of the writer/directors called on by Alexander Korda to make the first film of the war effort, The Lion Has Wings. Altogether he directed over 40 films, the last being The Girl who Forgot (1940), starring Eizabeth Allan, although he worked as production consultant with Howard on the latter's The First of the Few (1942) and The Gentle Sex (1943). He was a founder of the (London) Film Society and wrote several books about film production and screenwriting. He lived with his divorced mother in Portslade. 61 Norway Street
21 Franklin Road [family home 1911]
BUCHANAN, Jack [Walter John]
Actor who started his career as a music hall comedian called Chump Buchanan, first appearing in a West End music in 1912. By the early 1920s he was a major stage star. With partners he built and operated the Leicester Square Theatre in London and the Imperial Theatre in Brighton. 19 Lewes Crescent
Imperial Theatre, 134 North Street [later Essoldo Cinema]
Edward Burne-JonesPre-Raphaelite artist and designer. Buried in the nave at St Margaret's, Rottingdean. For his local design work, see Sir Edward Burne-Jones. High Street, Rottingdean
Victoria Road
Washington Street
Poynter Road
BURROWS, Sir John Cordy
Sir John Cordy BurrowsThree-term mayor of Brighton (1857-59 and 1871-72). Born in Ipswich, he trained as a surgeon in London before coming to Brighton in 1837, setting up his own practice in 1839 in Old Steine. With Rev J N Goulty, his architect son H N Goulty and Amon Henry Wilds, he founded the Brighton Extra Mural Cemetery in 1850.In recognition of his good works, the inhabitants of Brighton presented his with a carriage and pair of horses in 1871. He was knighted in 1873. His Grade II listed statue was unveiled in 1878 in the grounds of the Royal Pavilion but moved to Old Steine in 1984. 46 and 62 Old Steine
BUTT, Clara Ellen DBE
Daughter of an oyster trawlerman, was born just outside the city in Adur Terrace, Southwick, became one of the world's most famous singers of the era and was created a Dame of the British Empire in 1920. 33 New Church Road
St Aubyn's Mansions, King's Esplanade
BYAM, Lt-General Edward
Soldier, born in Antigua, son of a slave-owner. He fought in the Peninsula War; he and his elder brother were wounded at the Battle of Waterloo. Promoted in 1858 to Lt-General and Colonel of the 18th Regiment of (Light) Dragoons (18th Hussars from 1861) until 1864. He was a second cousin once removed of Mary Elizabeth Mathew, wife of William Thomas Roe, owner of the Withdean estate. 138 King's Road (Byam House) [residence 1858-1864]
BYNG, Douglas
Actor and noted pantomime dame. 6 Arundel Terrace
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Page updated 28 July 2019