|Caledonian Street||One of several streets with Scottish names built in the 1860s between Lewes Road and Upper Lewes Road. Queen Victoria's attachment to the Highlands made such names popular.|
|† Cambden Terrace||Misspelling of Camden Terrace (???).||1826|
|Cambridge Grove, Hove||Included the film studio of Williamson Kinematograph Company from 1902 until 1910, when the premises were taken over by the Natural Colour Kinematograph Company, whose Kinemacolor system was the world's first commercially introduced colour film system. The name Kinemacolor is still painted on the back wall, overlooking the railway track.|
|Cambridge Road, Hove||Two houses building in 18511.
St Patrick's Church was designed by H E Kendall and opened in 1858, with minor additions in the 1870s. It is Grade II listed.
|1Census1851 (HO107/1647 folio 55 p10)|
|† Cambridge Street||Between Albion Hill and Richmond Street.||1851|
|Camden Street, Portslade||1881|
|† Camden Terrace, Brighton||(also spelt Cambden). From 51 Trafalgar Street to 73 Gloucester Lane. Small houses. Renumbered 3 April 18841.||1ESRO DB/D/27/178|
|† Camden Terrace, Portslade||1881|
|Camelford Street||Mostly built late 18th century, formerly York Street (1799), re-named before 1851.
8-19, 22 and 33-36 are Grade II listed1.
36, dating from the early 19th century, was the home from 1881 until his death of social reformer Jacob Holyoake (1817-1906), the last person jailed in Britain for atheism. Cooperative Society plaque.
|Campbell Road, Preston||1881|
|Canning Street||One of several streets near Brighton College named after prime ministers, initially called Canning Terrace when laid out in the early 1880s. Rt Hon George Canning (1770-1827), MP at age 23, supporter of William Pitt and prime minister for four months before his death in office, lived in Brighton (see plaque on the former Royal Crescent Hotel, Marine Parade). Renumbered 15 November 18821.||1ESRO DB/D/27/257|
|† Cannon Lane||Renumbered 21 September 19161.||1ESRO DB/D/27/234, DB/D/46/842|
|Cannon Place|| Formerly Artillery Place (?) Completed around 1825.
27-28 and 30-32 are Grade II listed1.
31 Royal Newburgh Assembly Rooms. Opened by Wright and Sons c.1825, designed by Amon Henry Wilds.
|† Cannon Place Mews||1826|
|† Cannon Street||Formerly known as Suffolk Street, the cottages &c on the west side were built 1810s.|
|† Cannon Terrace||1861|
|CARDEN AVENUE ESTATE, Patcham||Comprising Carden Close, Carden Crescent, Galliers Close, Haywards Road, Morecambe Road, Portfield Avenue, Singleton Road and Tangmere Road. Numbered 25 July 19351. The estate was commenced in the 1930s and mainly built in the late 1940s. Some (many? most?) of the roads were constructed of concrete slabs laid by German prisoners-of-war.
Alderman Sir Herbert Carden (1867-1941) was a solicitor and socialist local politician (see also 30 Old Steine).
|Carden Avenue, Withdean/Patcham/Hollingbury|| Numbered 9 March 19391. Renumbered 18 November 19472.
2 'Burpham' was built in 1928 for W Page.
42 'The Cottage' was built for Herbert Carden by architect (John) Gordon Allen in 1926 and altered in 1927 for A S Pearson by W E A Elliott Ltd.
|Carden Close, Patcham||Numbered 25 July 19351.||1ESRO DB/D/27/267|
|>Carden Crescent, Patcham||Part numbered 25 July 19351.||1ESRO DB/D/27/267|
|Carden Hill, Hollingbury|
|Carisbrooke Road||Land here was conveyanced from Champion to Jay in 19051.||1ESRO ACC5310/108|
|Carlisle Road, Hove||Built 1890s. Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-1891), MP and Irish nationalist leader, lived in a house on the corner with Kingsway.
Pillar Box ar north-east corner bears the VR royal cipher.
|† Carlton Court||At 8 Circus Street. Small houses.||map|
|† Carlton Grove||Off Circus Street.||map|
|CARLTON HILL||Area of steep streets leading up from Grand Parade to the north of Edward Street. Renowned as the worst Brighton slums between the wars, much of the area was demolished and residents re-housed at Whitehawk, Moulescoomb and elsewhere.|
|Carlton Hill||The section west of John Street is now Kingsbury Street. In a courtyard behind the School of Art on the corner with Grand Parade was a Catholic Apostolic Church that opened in 1865 and closed in 1954, being demolished 10 years later. Part renumbered 4 February 18971.
Church of St John the Evangelist, designed and built by the local firm of Cheesman and Sons as the third commission of Rev Henry Wagner, was Anglican between 1840 and 1980; the facade was altered in 1957 (the monogram of L A Mackintosh is part of the design). It was re-consecrated as the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity in March 1986 when that congregation moved from Windsor Lodge in High Street and is Grade II listed2.
Edward Riley Memorial Hall (1938) is a Diocesan Centre for the Deaf.
Woburn Place flats numbered 24 January 19353.
|† Carlton Mews||Through archway off Carlton Hill.||map|
|† Carlton Row||From 125 Sussex Street to 13 Carlton Street.||map|
|† Carlton Street||At 51 Grand Parade. Dates from c1810. Previously known as Guildford Terrace, now Kingswood Street.
Carlton Street School 1851.
Dorset Cottage 1851.
Garden Cottage 1851.
Saracen's Head (travellers' lodging house). 1851.
|Carlton Terrace, Portslade||1881|
|Carlyle Street||One of several streets named after Victorian philosophers and reformers (cf, Bentham Road, Cobden Road). Thomas Carlyle (1795 1881), historian and man of letters. Renumbered 20 April 18811.
4 (old numbering) was conveyanced from Stevens, Stevens & Friend to Belchambers in 1880.
|Castle Square||Castle Inn, opened 1755, was on the east side when Steine Lane formed the south side of the square.
1-7 are Grade II listed1.
60 opened on 20 January 1933 as Electric House, the offices and showroom of Brighton Corporation's electricity supply service (later the South Eastern Electricity Board, Seeboard). It became the Royal Bank of Scotland in 1989.
Pavilion Hotel. 1851. Faced with mathematical tiles.
|Castle Street||Built 1820s.
33 and 34 are Grade II listed1.
|† Cattle Hill||Misspelling of Castle Hill?|
|† Cavalry Barracks, Preston||See Lewes Road.|
|Cavendish Place|| (Also called Cavendish Place West). Mostly built c1829.
1-14 are Grade II listed1.
6 was the home 1862-1872 of the Irish actor and dramatist Dion Boucicault (1820-1890). Brighton Corporation plaque.
12 Novelist Horace Smith (1779-1849), the friend of Shelley, who coined the phrases 'old ocean's bauble' and 'queen of watering places' to describe Brighton, lived here in 1840 until his death. He was the uncle of historian J H Round (see 15 Brunswick Terrace). Brighton Corporation plaque.
|† Cavendish Place North||From 25 Cheapside to Peel Street. Small houses.||1826-1851|
|Cavendish Street||Originally ran from St James Street to Edward Street but now ends at Ardingly Street. Only two residences remain.
?? Celia Bashford, victim in the first Brighton trunk murder in 1831 (see North Steine Row), was living here at the time with her sister.
10 is where wheelwright William Wilton slit his wife's throat with a kitchen knife and smashed her head with a hammer on 9 July 1887.
23-25 collapsed just before 5:30am on 2 April 19231.
1Western Daily Press, 3 April 1923: 8.
|Cedars Gardens, Withdean||Numbered 27 July 19391.||1ESRO DB/D/27/57|
|∫ Centurion Place||Opposite St Nicholas Church. Renumbered as part of Church Street c.1854.||1851; Fo1856|
|Centurion Road||Earliest properties close to the former parish church constructed 1850s. Renumbered 20 April 18811; part renumbered 24 September 19312. Houses numbered up to 41 (odds) and 70 (evens) demolished to make way for St Paul's Church of England Primary School, relocated from Little Russell Street.
†11 was St Nicholas Shades pub c1874, renamed the Claverton Arms by 1880 and closed 1940.
82 was St Nicholas Working Men's Club c1886. By the early 1920s it was St Nicholas Church Mission Rooms, when the Parish Rooms became the Drill Hall (see below). By 1930 it was Brighton Rifles and Royal Sussex Cyclists' Association Club.
St Nicholas Court was built as St Nicholas Parish Rooms and Sunday School c1890. From c1922 it was St Nicholas Drill Hall but was again St Nicholas Church Hall by the late 1930s. After World War II it was briefly an auction house. From 1948 until c1966 it was Brighton Film Studios. Now flats.
|∫ Centurion Terrace||Continuation of Centurion Road.||Fo1864–Pa1874|
|Chailey Avenue, Rottingdean||Numbered 30 July 19481.||1ESRO DB/D/27/285|
|Chailey Road , Moulescoomb||Built in the late 1920s. Most streets in the north of the area are named after Sussex villages.|
|† Chain Pier Esplanade||1861|
|† Chalk Pit Island||Top of Regent Hill.||1826-1854|
|Chalkland Rise, Woodingdean||Named and numbered 29 May 1954, 1 June 1954, 25 March 1955 and 28 February 19571.||1ESRO DB/D/27/320|
|CHALLONERS||An ancient manor in the parish of Rottingdean.|
|Challoners Close, Rottingdean||Numbered 13 May 19571.||1ESRO DB/D/27/349|
|Challoners Mews, Rottingdean.|
|Chanctonbury Road, Hove||18 was the last home of cinema pioneer George Albert Smith (1864-1959) until his death. Borough of Hove plaque.|
|Channel View Road, Wick Estate, Woodingdean||The first houses were built here in 1929. Several of the early houses were built by A C Tomsett, who himself lived here1. Numbered 29 April 19482.||1http://regencysociety-jamesgray.com/volume33/source/jg_33_091.html
2 ESRO DB/D/27/283
|Chapel Mews, Hove||Adjacent to St Andrew's Chapel in Waterloo Street.||1881|
|Chapel Place, Portslade||Gothic Cottage. 1881.||1881|
|Chapel Terrace||Two cast-iron (gas) lampposts next to St George's Church are Grade II listed1.||1EH|
|Charles Close, Hove||One of several adjacent roads in post war development off King George VI Avenue named after royalty: Charles, Prince of Wales (b.1948)—probably one of the first streets in the country to be named after him.|
|Charles Street||Built in the 1780s; 19 houses by 1795. Commemorates the restoration monarch, Charles II, who made a famous escape from the beach nearby. Nos 9-12 and 20-23 are Grade II listed1.
8 is a flint-fronted cottage.
11 and 21-27 are faced with mathematical tiles.
|Charlotte Mews||Small gated development off St George's Road formed from the end of •Millfield Cottages.|
|Charlotte Street|| 7 and 16-24 are Grade II listed1.
The early electric light standard in front of 16-17, made by and marked BLEECO (Brighton Lighting and Electrical Engineering Company—see St Martin's Place), is Grade II listed2.
23-24 have painted mathematical tiles on the upper storeys.
|Chates Farm Court||Takes its name from the Chate family's dairy operation that began on this 27-acre site, then owned by Edward Tilbury, in 1858 and continued until as recently as 1934.
34A •Richmond Street is all that remains of the farm buildings.
|Chatham Place||18 (??), now blocked from view at ground level from the Seven Dials junction, bore the name Selbourne House until repainted in 2013.||1861|
|Cheapside||25 Cavendish Place North was off here.||1851|
|† Chelsea Cottages, Portslade||1881|
|Chelston Avenue, Hove||Cul-de-sac of semi-detached houses, with turning circle at southern end.|
|Chelwood Close, Hollingbury|
|Chesham Place, Kemp Town||Built c1855. Formerly known as •Lyall Place.
1-21 are Grade II listed1.
|Chesham Road, Kemp Town||(B2118) Built between 1855 and 1865, until which latter year it was called Bristol Road East.
21 deed dated 27 September 18881.
|Chesham Street, Kemp Town||9 Prince Petr Kropotkin, the Russian emigré geographer and anarchist philosopher lived here from November 1910 until returning to Russia at the time of the revolution in spring 1917.|
|Chester Terrace||Renumbered 7 March 19011.
43 was a childhood home in the 1890s of Anson Dyer (1876-1962), England's leading animator between the wars.
47 was the home and first Brighton workshop of Alfred Darling (1862-1931), engineer and pioneer film equipment manufacturer in 1894 until he moved the workshop to 25 •Ditchling Rise and his home to 83 •Ditchling Rise.
|Chesterfield Close||Off Marine View. Retains name of nearby demolished •Chesterfield Street.|
|† Chesterfield Court||At 55 Church Street. Small houses.||1851|
|† Chesterfield Street||From 50 Edward Street to 65 Carlton Hill. A narrow street of poor housing built soon after 1800 and one of four such streets demolished in the mid 1890s for the construction of •White Street and •Blaker Street. There was a National School on the west side. 1851.
Lodging house for tramps. Four of them.
|Chichester Drive East, Saltdean||Named and numbered 1 September 1955; supplementary numbering 23 June 19661.||1ESRO DB/D/27/324|
|Chichester Drive West, Saltdean||Named and numbered 1 September 19551.||1ESRO DB/D/27/146|
|Chichester Place||1854. Renumbered 8 August 18841.||1ESRO DB/D/27/195|
|∫ Chichester Street||Former name of •Kingsbury Street.||1851|
|Chichester Terrace||Built 1824-1855, designed by Wilds and Busby (??) for Thomas Read Kemp and built by Thomas Cubitt. All Grade I listed1.
5 was the home of composer Richard Addinsell (1904-1977), best known for the Warsaw Concerto, from 1960 until his death. Plaque.
9 was a residence of the Marquess of Abergavenny2.
11 was the home of Charles Robert Dickins Scrase.3
13 and adjoining 1 •Lewes Crescent was the home of 6th Duke of Devonshire 1828-1858; the home of Edward VII's daughter Princess Louise and her husband the Duke of Fife 1896-1924; Edward VII's convalesced here in 1908.
14 was the home in the 1870s and 1880s of Oswald Mosley (1948-1915) before he succeeded as 4th Baronet, and his son Oswald Mosley (1873-1928), who became 5th Bt and was father of the 6th Bt, politician and founder of the British Union of Fascists. It then became the home from 1896 to 1924 of Louise, the Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (1867-1931), daughter of Edward VII, who stayed here on a number of occasions. Plaque to the Princess Royal.
Chichester House stood alone when first built in 1832 and opened as an academy for young gentlemen. It was the home of novelist D L Murray from 1938 to 1944.
2K1905 et passim
|† Child's Yard||1861|
|∫ Church Hill, Brighton||Former name for what is now Dyke Road between •Upper North Street and Seven Dials. The Workhouse was here.||1851|
|Church Hill, Patcham||Houses dating from the late 18th century onwards. Part of this and of •Old London Road were formerly called Spring Street. (See also •Vale Avenue.) The walls between the churchyard entrance and the village barn are Grade II listed1. Renumbered 25 October 19282.
4,4a, 5 date from the mid 16th century. Grade II listed3.
10 is a detached house that may predate the 18th century. Grade II listed4.
13-22A are early 19th century, restored 1964. Grade II listed5.
23 Bo-Peep and 24 Skayles are probably 18th century. Grade II listed6.
28-29 were four cottages, converted into two. Grade II listed7.
33-36 date originally from the early 19th century.
All Saints Church, the Patcham parish church, dates partly from the 12th and 13th centuries. A wall painting of the Day of Judgment above the chancel is thought to be the oldest such in the country. There is a monument to Richard Shelley, an ancestor of the poet. The organ is dedicated to the memory of George V, who had stayed at Craigwell House, Bognor, from which it was brought, during his convalescence in 1929. In the churchyard, extended in 1949, is a war memorial and the grave of Daniel Scales, a smuggler who was shot dead by excisemen on 7 November 1796. The church is Grade II* listed8, the tombs and the walls Grade II9.
|Church Place, Kemp Town||Adjacent to St Mark's Church in •Eastern Road. Numbered 21 August 19561.||1851
|Church Road, Hove||The Hove parish church of St Andrew's provides the name. The section between •Norton Road and •George Street was known as Church Street in the 1880s. The walls in front of 7-19 and 21-33 were built c1884, restored 1991 and are Grade II listed1.
7 Rochester Mansions is Grade II listed2.
9-15 Palmeira Mansions is Grade II listed3.
17-23 Palmeira Avenue Mansions is Grade II listed4.
25-31 Palmeira Mansions is Grade II listed5.
33 Palmeira Mansions is Grade II* listed6.
54-56 Albert Mansions.
Tesco is on the site of Brighton & Hove Gas Works, built in 1832 and used as only a storage facility from 1871, when the Portslade gas works opened, until September 1994.
Hove Town Hall was designed by John Wells-Thorpe of Gotch & Partners of •Richmond Place, Brighton and opened by Lord Rupert Nevill on 5 March 1974. It replaced the old town hall, originally know as Brunswick Town Hall, which opened in 1882 to a design by Alfred Waterhouse. It was destroyed by fire on 9 January 1966. Brooker Hall in •New Church Road became the temporary civic headquarters. The yellow French postbox (in front of the Town Hall)—used for Royal Mail collections—was presented to Hove by the mayor of its twin town Draveil on 23 April 1994.
94-108 and 105-119 are a group of houses, offices and shops built c1870. Grade II listed7.
110 Albion Inn was part of the manor of Hove Villa and Hove Ecclesia. It was surrendered to Jacob Wood by Matthew Martin in September 1810 and later came into the possession of George Gallard, who sold the premises in May 1871 for £1,577 to Richard Carey Weekes gent of Hurstpierpoint to pay debts owed to William John Williams of Brighton. Weekes still had the property in 18838.
156 (formerly numbered 144) was the chemist's and photographic shop of James Williamson (1855-1933), pioneer film-maker from 1886 until September 1898 when he moved to 55 •Western Road, Hove. Cinema 100 plaque.
182 Hove Public Library was built after the council adopted the Public Libraries Act 1855 in November 1890. A news room opened in 1891, the lending library (with 3,489 volumes) in October 1892 and the reference library (1,226 volumes) in January 1894, soon after which electric lighting was installed. Grade II listed9.
188-216 were known as •Lewers Terrace.
Church of St John the Baptist was designed by Edward and W G Habershon on land donated by Sir Isaac Goldsmid (see •Palmeira), opening in 1852. The north-east tower and spire were added c.1870 and are the highest in the city. The church is Grade II listed10.
Gas Cottage. 1881.
Gas House. 1881.
St Andrew's Church was designed in Norman style by George Basevi and built in 1833-1836, reconstructing a medieval church. It is Grade II* listed11. The lychgate was added in 1953. Sir George Everest (1790-1866), Surveyor-General of India after whom the mountain is named, is buried here.
St Andrew's Terrace. 1881.
Floral Clock. See •St John's Place.
|Church Road, Portslade|| Our Lady Star of the Sea and St Denis, a Roman Catholic church close to St Andrew's, was designed by Fr Benedict Williamson and opened on 28 July 1912, funded by Mrs Catherine Broderick (see 15 •Denmark Villas). A presbytery and school were added the following year but the school was refused recognition on several occasions until finally allowed in 1956. Meanwhile it was used as a community hall and in 1914 as a shelter for Flemish and Jewish refugees from the Low Countries1. The church was closed and demolished in 1992.
St Andrew's Church was designed by Brighton architect Edmund Scott for Rev F G Holbrooke, the Vicar of Portslade, to serve the Copperas Gap community at a cost of £1,541. It opened in 1864. Part of the church was converted into a community centre for South Portslade, which opened on 18 June 2004. From 1871 to 1874 the curate was Fr Richard William Enraght, who in 1880 became the last High Anglican priest to be imprisoned in England under the 1874 Public Worship Regulation Act for ritualistic practices.
St Mary's Convent of the Sisters of Poor Servants was built as a manor house on a six-acre site in 1807. The lordship of the manor of Portslade was bought on 12 February 1904 by Miss Kathleen Concepta Nelson (d1947) on behalf of the Poor Servants of the Mother of God, a Catholic order of nuns from St Mary's Convent at Roehampton, of which she had been a postulant and is buried in the private cemetery here. The sisters created a convent and convent school for young girls and added a laundry in 1911 to add work for the girls in addition to farm labouring. The manor house was sold the Emmaus charity in March 19972.
|Church Road Place||Twitten off First Avenue.|
|Church Street, Brighton||One of the oldest streets in Brighton, taking its name from the former parish church of St Nicholas. |
Bennett's Cottage 1851.
Statue of George IV is by Sir Francis Chantrey. It was originally unveiled on 9 October 1828 in the central gardens where the war memorial now stands and was moved to its present site on 14 March 1922. It is Grade II listed5.
North Gate and the gatehouse of the Royal Pavilion estate were originally built c1774 and reworked in 1832 for William IV, as recorded above the main gate. Grade II* listed4. The adjacent red granite drinking fountain was donated in 1859 by William Blaber (1818-1903), early in his term as chairman and managing director of the Brighton Hove and Preston Waterworks Company.
Brighton Museum and Art Gallery are the Prince Regent's former stables, designed by William Porden, built 1804. Joseph Good added stables for William IV and Queen Adelaide in 1831 and in 1873 Philip Lockwood, the Borough Surveyor, adapted the building to cultural purposes. Further alterations were carried out in 1894 and 1901-02. It included Brighton Public Library until the building was refurbished and re-opened in 2002. (Unfortunately, the replacement Jubilee Library in •Jubilee Street did not open until 2005, after decades of delays.) It is Grade II* listed.1
† Church Street Cottage 1851.
Dome Concert Hall is Grade I listed3.
Corn Exchange was built by William Porden as a riding school for the Prince of Wales in 1803-1808 and extended in 1831 by Joseph Good. It was purchased by the Borough in 1850. Conversion to a theatre was carried out by borough surveyor Philip Lockwood in 1864-67. The corn market moved into the former riding school in the west wing here from the King and Queen in •Marlborough Place on 1 October 1868. The sculpture of Ceres (Roman goddess of agriculture) by Robert Atkinson was installed in the tympanum above the entrance in 1934 when the buildings was refurbished by Atkinson, who also converted the former supper room into the Pavilion Theatre in •New Road. Grade I listed2.
Pillar box outside the Corn Exchange bears the VR royal cipher.
Church of St Nicholas of Myra see Dyke Road.
Centurion Place was the terrace opposite the church.
† Central National School 1851.
† Providence Calvinistic Independent Chapel, between •Tichborne Street and •Bread Street, was built in 1805 by Calvinistic followers of the evangelical William Huntington SS (1745-1813)—the SS stood for Soul (or Sinner) Saved—fired up by the revolutionary fervour of the Napoleonic era. Huntingdon was buried at Lewes. Like the neighbouring Church of St Mary the Virgin and St Mary Magdalene it was demolished in 1965 and the congregation moved to •West Hill Road.
† 55 Chesterfield Court was off here.
78 was the Royal Artillery drill hall, then the Royal Mail sorting office. It is Grade II listed6.
† 107-108, although listed, were demolished in 1972.
109 Waggon and Horses was built in 1848 as a gymnasium but became a pub in 1852 when Frederick Mohamed, son of Sake Deen Mahomed (see •Black Lion Street), moved the gym to Paston Place.
115-117 was originally the Trinity Independent Presbyterian Chapel (115-117), also known in its early years as Mr Faithful's Chapel, was designed by Thomas Cooper and opened c.1825. It closed in 1896 and was partly replaced c.1925 by the present building, which was originally the offices and showroom of the Brighton, Hove & Worthing Gas Company. The Brighton coat-of-arms is embossed above the entrance. It later became the music library of Brighton Library, then its local studies library and is now a restaurant.
Prince Regent Swimming Complex opened on 22 April 1981, having cost £2.5m. The •North Road swimming baths were previously on the site.
118 County Court House was designed by Sotby with a bas relief sculpture of the royal coat-of-arms by Mansel Bailey above the side archway. It opened in 1869 and was used as a court until 1967, when it became a council storehouse. Following renovation the courtroom at the rear re-opened in 2007 as a lecture theatre. It is Grade II listed7.
|∫ Church Street, Hove||The section of •Church Road between •Norton Road and •George Street in the 1870-80s.
Albion Inn. 1881.
|Church Street, Portslade||1881|
|Churchill Square||Sir Winston S Churchill (1874-1965) was British Prime Minister 1940-45 and 1951-55 (see also •Brunswick Road and •Barrowfield Drive). Although planned as early as 1935, and part of the site was even cleared in 1938, with more demolition following in 1957-58, this was Brighton's major post war development, a traffic free shopping precinct with office buildings above. Among buildings cleared were 18 pubs, two breweries and two schools. Building started in 1966, the first shop was occupied in 1967 and the whole multi-level square was opened by 1971. It cost £9m. On the central square was a 'sculpture' of The Spirit of Brighton—assuming Brighton to be angular, rough, brutal and repellant1. After becoming even more bleak during the early 1990s (Tesco's closed in 1992), it was redeveloped at a cost of £90m between January 1996 and September 1998. The office block was demolished and the shopping mall covered. Near the Western Road frontage are two structures commissioned by Standard Life Investments, leaseholders of the site, called the Twins, designed by Charlie Hooper and unveiled on 4 September 1998. Unknown to virtually all Brightonians, the vertical panels are meant to emit sounds recorded around Brighton, stored electronically inside the sculptures and triggered according to the relative position of sunlight falling on them1.||1National Recording Project
for Sussex: The Brighton
Sculpture Trail. University of
Brighton and the Public Monuments
and Sculpture Association
|† Chuters Gardens||At 18 West Street. Small houses immediately south of St Paul's Church. Lost in the Churchill Square development.
See also •Lower Clarence Street.
|† Circus Court||At 5 Circus Street. Thirteen cottages and stables building.||map
|† Circus Grove||Off Circus Street.||map|
|† Circus Mews||Through an archway off Circus Street.||map|
|Circus Parade||Off New England Road.|
|Circus Street||6 Circus Court was off here.||map
|† Claremont Place||From 26 Sussex Street (Morley Street) to 24 Richmond Street (Richmond Parade). A wall across Richmond Street between Claremont Place and Dinapore Terrace was built to stop runaway vehicles on the 1:5 incline.||1851|
|† Clarence Cottages||1861|
Brighton Little Theatre was formerly Elim Clarence Baptist Chapel, built in 1830 and closed in 1947.
|Clarence Mews||From 35 Castle Square. Built 1820s.|
|† Clarence Place||From 26 Sussex Street to 24 Richmond Street.||1826-54|
|Clarence Square||Prince William (1765-1837), third son of George III, was created 1st Duke of Clarence and St Andrews in 1789 and was known by that title until he acceeded to the throne as William IV in 1830. The north side was built in the early 1800s, the south side in the mid 1840s.||1851|
|† Clarence Street, Brighton||Built 1820s. Lost in the Churchill Square development. See also •Lower Clarence Street.||1826|
|† Clarence Street, Portslade||
Clarence Inn. 1881.
|1881||† Clarence Yard||At 19 Poplar Place.||1854|
|Clarendon Place, Kemp Town||8 Clarendon Lodge is Grade II listed1.||1EH|
|Clarendon Place, Portslade||1881|
|Clarendon Road, Hove||1881|
|Clarendon Terrace, Marine Parade||Built 1856-59 by the Cheesmans, possibly designed by George Cheesman Jr, and named in honour of Lord Clarendon, the Foreign Secretary (1853-1859). The developer was William Percival Boxall of •Belle Vue Hall (see also •Percival Terrace) on land bought from Thomas Cubitt. Grade II listed1.
2-3 were occupied by the former Liberal MP and then peer and friend of W E Gladstone, Stuart Rendel, 1st Baron Rendel of Hatchlands (1834-1913) from 1903 until his death.
|Clarendon Villas, Hove||Extended to the east of •Goldstone Villas before housing was fully developed in the area.
8 Dickens' illustrator Phiz (Hablot Knight Browne, 1815-1882) lived and died here.
56 indenture dated April 1879 from George Gallard to John Buckler1.
Clarendon Centre (Church of Christ the King, CCK) was originally a non-denominational mission opened in 1885. It has had its current name since 1961 but is used now as an administrative centre, services being held at the premises in •New England Street.
|† Clarendon Villas, Portslade||1881|
|† Clarkson Place||1851|
|Clayton Road||Inter war years pebbledash council housing development named after local Sussex villages (cf, Glynde Rd).|
|Clayton Way, Hangleton||One of a group of adjoining roads named after Sussex villages.|
|CLERMONT ESTATE||Developed by Alderman Daniel Friend, started in 1866. Clermont was a large house on the south side of Cumberland Road until the early 1880s. Comprises •Clermont Road, •Clermont Terrace, •Cumberland Road and •Lauriston Road.|
|Clermont Road||Part of the Clermont estate. The bus shelter at the junction with •London Road was extra large to accommodate passengers travelling on north from Preston Park railway station—no longer there and the stop is some distance from the junction but does have a seat.
18, now a convenience store, was formerly a bakery and still has the ovens in the basement.
19 has been a clock-making and repair shop since 1893.
Preston Park Station. Opened as Preston station on 1 November 1869 and was renamed Preston Park in July 1879, four years prior to the creation of the park in •London Road. The cost of construction was split between the London Brighton & South Coast Railway and Daniel Friend, developer of the Clermont estate. The street-level building north of the entrance to the pedestrian tunnel was originally a post and telegraph office.
|Clermont Terrace, Preston||Part of the Clermont estate, developed by Daniel Friend, started in 1866.
Cherrington House. 1881.
Wall postbox outside 27 bears the VR royal cipher.
Clermont United Reform Church, formerly a Congregational church, was designed by J G Gibbins. The foundation stone is dated 4 April 1877 and the church opened on 18 September 1877. The land was a gift from Daniel Friend and Alderman Abbey (?).
|Clevedon Place||Former name for •Upper Sudeley Street.|
|Cliff, The, Black Rock||Numbered 30 August 1938, renumbered 9 July 19511.
40 White Lodge was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869-1944) for Victoria Sackville-West (1862-1936).
|Cliff Approach, Black Rock||Off Roedean Road. Numbered 11 February 19541.||ESRO DB/D/27/319|
|† Cliff Butts||Formerly the section of the seafront close to the present day •Cannon Place.|
|Cliff Road, Roedean||. Renumbered 18 July 19441.||1ESRO DB/D/27/65|
|CLIFTON||Although not an area as such (except as part of the informal Clifton, Montpelier, Powis area), several streets north of •Western Road have this name, which then recurs in the western part of Brighton and in •Cliftonville, the development of the eastern part of Hove. The derivation is obscure. [The Clifton area in Bristol was 'Clistone' in Domesday Book, meaning hillside settlement, which would apply here too.]|
|Clifton Hill||Built mid 1840s along a 'carriage road to [West] Blatchington'. The former hospital car park, donated in 1937, was on the site of William Vine's mill (1810-1850). The northern section was renamed as •Windlesham Avenue 19071. Renumbered 3 November 19532.
1-2 are surmounted by an Italianate tower and date from c1850. Grade II listed3.
7 is Grade II listed4. Deeds are dated 29 March 18455
10-11 were built c1840. Grade II listed6.
23 Coach House dates from 1852. It was built for Joseph Rogers Browne of Aberdeen Lodge (5 •Powis Villas) and is a rare survival of its type. Designed to house two carriages and three horses, it was later a motor car repair shop and in 1937 became a storage facility for the Royal Alexandra Hospotal for Sick Children. Grade II listed7 in 2005.
23 was originally a flint coach-house, then a barn. Grade II listed8.
24-25 built c1840. Grade II listed9.
Crescent Inn. 1846.
Other buildings listed 1851:
5Steve Myall: 'Clifton Hill'. CMPCA online
|Clifton Mews||Built on the site of the livery stables behind the Crescent Inn on the corner of Clifton Hill and Clifton Road.||1851|
|Clifton Place||Built 1848-1853.
13 Garden House is on the site of Garden House, a gothic villa built c1850 and demolished 1964. The former rectory of St Nicholas of Myra Church, the last owner was film actor Clive Brook (Clifford Clive Hardman Brook, 1887-1974, right).
Built mid 1840s. Part renumbered as Compton Avenue 16 Jan 18901; renumbered 6 July 19052
1-4, 7-10 and 26 are Grade II listed..
1-12 are Grade II listed3.
1 was the home of Admiral Sir Robert Lambert Baynes (1796-1869).
18-25 were designed by Denman & Matthews c1907.
Bilham Villa 1851.
†Dials Congregational Church, on the corner of Dyke Road, was designed by local architect Thomas Simpson and opened in 1870. Its 130-foot tower was a prominent local landmark. It was sold in 1969 and demolished three years later. The Homelees sheltered housing occupies the site.
Eagle Villa. 1851.
Holland House. 1851.
Sandford Lodge. 1851.
Southdown Villa. 1851.
|† Clifton Road North||1851|
|Clifton Street||A twitten runs behind the houses on the east side from Guildford Road to Terminus Road.
32 (formerly 29).
|Clifton Terrace||Completed in 1847. On the south side the private gardens for the residents are on the site of Clifton Windmill, which was move in 1837 to •Windmill Street. The boundary wall to Clifton Gardens is Grade II listed1.
1-23 are Grade II listed2.
1-2 were built 1846 by G W Sawyer and Richard Edwards, local builders; the latter lived in no 1 for some years while building the rest of the terrace3.
25 and 27-34 are Grade II listed4.
17 was the home of playwright and television personality Alan Melville (1910-1983) from 1951 to 1973 (see also 28 •Victoria Street).
3Steve Myall: 'Clifton Hill'. CMPCA online
|CLIFTONVILLE||The suburban development south of Hove station, began in the 1850s. The name may come from a cottage that stood towards the southern end of the area, which may in turn mark its proximity to the coastal cliffs. Charles Fleet described how 'Cliftonville sprang into existence with the rapidity of a Trans-atlantic town. House after house, and villa after villa seemed to rise by magic.'1 The Illustrated Times reported on 'the new suburb of Brighton, filled with new little houses, very pretty and clean to look at, and awfully genteel little houses'2. After an independent existence, it was incorporated into Hove in 1874. The Cliftonville Conservation Area, designated in 1969 and extended in 1985, now stretches from Holy Trinity Church on •Eaton Road to the seafront.||1Charles Fleet: Handbook of Brighton and Environs, 1858
2The Illustrated Times, February 1859
|Cliftonville Road||Eric Gill lived here c18841||1(autobiography)|
|∫ Cliftonville Station||Former name (October 1865-July 1879) for Hove Station. Cliftonville railway spur line, linking Hove with the main London line, was opened July 1879.|
|Clyde Road, Preston||1881|
|Coalbrook Road||Originally the approach to Kemp Town railway station, next to which were the offices of coal merchants, demolished in 1987 after years of decay. See also •Colebrook Road.|
|∫ Cobden Place||Former name of the southern section of •Prestonville Road. Houses in course of erection in 1854.|
|Cobden Road||One of several streets named after Victorian philosophers and reformers (cf, •Bentham Road, •Carlyle Street). Richard Cobden (1804-1865), advocate of free trade and member of parliament, was the son of a Sussex farmer.
77 Slipper Baths were opened on the corner of Islingword Road by the mayor of Brighton, Sir Joseph Ewart, in April 1894. The building bears the date 1893 above the entrance. When the baths closed in 1976, the building became the Hannover Community Centre until 1982, then became a resource centre and was converted into flats in 1985-86.
|† Cobham Place||Reference1||1www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/23868/pages/2841|
|Cobton Drive, Hove||Contraction of the name of the builder, Cook Brighton Ltd (of 160 Church Road)1.||1A selection of Notes ... including a History of Hove Street Names... Brighton & Hove Libraries, nd./td>|
|† Codrington Place||Named after Admiral Sir Edward Codrington (see 140 •Western Road). Numbered 6 October 19041, renumbered 22 December 19102. Codrington Mansions survives (see 135 •Western Road, Brighton.)||1ESRO DB/D/27/159
|† Coes Farm and cottages at foot of Race Hill||Census1861|
|Colbourne Avenue, Moulescoomb||James Colbourne was mayor of Brighton in 1905-06.
St Andrew's Church.
|Colbourne Road, Hove||Numbered 19221.||1ESRO DB/D/27/260|
|Coldean Lane, Coldean||
St Mary Magdalene was converted in 1955 from a flint stone barn.
|Colebrook Cottages||A back development behind 9 and 11 Colebrook Road.|
|Colebrook Road, Withdean||Colebrook was one of the first names of Elizabeth Caroline Colebrook Gordon Curwen (née Cameron), who married into the family that owned the Withdean land. (There is also Colebrook Road off Albion Street in Southwick.) Laid out by Lawrence Graham & Co before 19281, although development began before the First World War; numbered 23 May 19292.
9 (Airdrie, then Eaves Cottage) was built for T W Bassett, originally designed in 1917 and amended in 1921, by William H Overton3.
3ESRO DB/D/57/45-3 and DB/D/57/45-4
|† Colebrook Row||At 42 Upper Bedford Street. Small houses.||1851-1854|
|Coleridge Street, Hove||In the Poet's Corner district, this street is named after poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834).|
|College Gardens||From College Place to St George's Road.||1851|
|College Place||Originally called •Bury Street.
6, 7 and the lamppost outside are Grade II listed1.
|College Road, Kemp Town||Adjacent to Brighton College. Mainly built 1880s. [Main entrance to college was built in its present position 1886.] Renumbered 21 August 18781.
1, the former post office (now Brighton College Bursary), opened in 1887. Grade II listed2.
|College Street||Initially called College Road when development was planned but renamed by the time building began around 1854. The section west of •College Road was then called •Lower College Street, when what is now •Clarendon Place was called College Street. It was renumbered in 1878.|
|Compton Avenue||Named from Compton Terrace and part of Clifton Road and numbered 16 January 18901.
All Saints Church was built 1848-1853 by George Cheesman and opened in 1853, a commission of the Vicar of Brighton Rev H M Wagner for architect R C Carpenter. Money for building the tower came from the residuary estate of George Baldwin Woodruff (see 24 •Second Avenue)2. Having suffered bomb damage during World War II, it closed in 1957 and was demolished.
|Compton Road||Branson applied for Brighton Borough Council approval for four houses, to be designed/built by Loader & Long, on 16 September 18971 and 16 more on 16 December 18972. Plans to build 100 houses here and in adjacent Inwood Crescent were submitted on 21 February 1901 by London Brighton & South Coast Railway Company3 and nine more here on 3 April 19024. Renumbered 30 October 19025.||1ESRO DB/D/7/4590
|∫ Compton Terrace||Renumbered 21 June 18881; renamed as Compton Avenue 16 January 18902.||1861
|Coney Hill||Downland hill at Waterhall, populated by rabbits (coneys).|
|Connaught Road, Hove||
Brooker Hall. 1881.
Connaught Centre, formerly Connaught Road Council Schools (the name is carved in terracotta over the doorway), was built in 1884 by John T Chappell, designed for Hove School Board by Thomas Simpson. The site cost £2,600 and the building £9,580. Extended c1920 and late 20th century. The school closed 1984. Grade II listed1.
Cut is the obelisk-like sculpture at the southern end. It was designed by Ekkehard Altenburger in Kilkenny limestone on a commission from Karis Developments and unveiled by the mayor, Cllr Pat Drake, in 2004.
|† Connaught Street, Hove||1881|
|Connaught Terrace, Hove||1881|
|Conway Street, Hove||1881|
|Coombe Road||Part renumbered 21 February 19071.
Church of St Alban was designed by Lacy W Ridge FRIBA, the Diocesan Surveyor, in red brick and opened in 1911. The last service was held on 25 June 2006 and the church was officially closed on 22 November 2006.
|† Coppard Gap, Portslade||See Copperas Gap.||1859-1881|
|COPPERAS GAP||The name of the southern part of Portslade (Portslade-by-Sea) prior to the granting of urban district status in 1896. Copperas is a form of ferrous sulphate (green vitriole), used in the textile industry for dying and found in the green sand strata in this area. Also known as Coppard['s] Gap1.||1PO1859: 1603|
|Copse Hill, Westdene||Named 5 April 19381; a clump of trees was preserved at the south-east end. Numbered 10 October 19391 and 6 January 19531.||1ESRO DB/D/27/40
|Cornwall Gardens, Preston||Numbered 25 April 1935 and 23 May 19351.||1ESRO DB/D/27/14|
|Coronation Street||Mostly built 1903-04, after the coronation of Edward VII: eight houses designed by T H Scutt1, four by Clayton & Black2, and four more by Mitchell in 19263.||1ESRO DB/D/7/5620-21
|† Cottage Drove, Patcham||1881|
|† Cottage Road||off Lewes Road.||1851|
|† Cottage Square, Patcham.|
|Court Farm Road, Rottingdean||Short road of interwar housing. Land from Rottingdean Court Farm was sold by the Nevill family to Mrs Dorothy Neville and others on 25 October and 1 November 19221.||1ESRO ABE/18V includes a sketch plan of the farm by Joshua Morgan c1795|
|Court Farm Road, West Blatchington||The farm was at the junction with •Holmes Avenue.|
|∫ Court Ord Cottages||Now part of •Meadow Close<, Rottingdean.|
|Court Ord Road, Rottingdean||South side provides rear entrances to •Meadow Close, to which part of the road was renumbered 23 April 19711.||1ESRO ACC8745/64|
|Courtney Terrace, Hove||Cliftonville. The terrace was built c1840 with additions in 1922. See also •Kingsway.
includes Courtney Beach, Courtney House, Courtney Lodge. All are Grade II listed1
Courtneyside and Courtney Towers were both originally part of a villa called Hove Lea, existing by 1875 and divided in 1933.2
Courtney Tye was the later home of British actress and Hollywood film star Elizabeth Allan (1908-1990) and is marked by a blue plaque. It had previously been owned from 1934 until his death by Dr Edmund Distin Maddick (1857-1939), naval surgeon, theatre/cinema proprietor, army director of cinematography during World War I and friend of Edward VII, George V and Edward VIII.3
Little Courtney was built c1899 and extensively modified in 1932 by P B Hunter. It was also owned by Dr Edmund Distin Maddick.4
|† Courtney Terrace, Station Road, Portslade||1881|
|Coventry Street||Goldsmid land.
64 Langley House (formerly 48) built c1890 by Beves and Tooth1.
|† Cow Hayes, Portslade||1881|
|Cowdens Close, Hangleton||Cowdens was a local field name.|
|Cowley Drive, Woodingdean||Harry Cowley (1890-1971) was a Brighton chimney sweep and social activist and campaigner (see Lincoln Street). Numbered 19 April 1955, supplementary numbering 5 September 1957 and 6 February 19581.||1ESRO DB/D/27/328|
|Cowper Street, Hove||In the Poet's Corner district, named after poet and hymnodist William Cowper (1731-1800), who pronounced his name 'cooper'.|
|∫ Cragg's Lane||Name for Duke Street until the mid (?) 18th century.|
|Cragnair Avenue, Patcham||Part of the Ladies Mile Estate, named by developer George Ferguson after the village in Dumfries, Scotland. Named 27 April 19331.||1ESRO DB/D/27/30|
|Cranbourne Street||Kemp land. Built early 1830s. Now turns through 90 degrees at its west end below Churchill Square.|
|Cranleigh Avenue, Rottingdean||Numbered 20 August 19481.||1ESRO DB/D/27/285|
|Craven Road||Developed in 1960s/1970s (see Craven Vale).|
|Craven Vale||Housing estate, the most central in the city, developed in 1960s/1970s on the site of allotment gardens and Sweet Patch.|
|Crayford Road||Name from place in Kent?|
|Crescent, The, Moulsecoomb||Numbered 19221.||1ESRO DB/D/27/256 (endorsed 'not officially approved')|
|† Crescent Cottages||Between Upper Bedford Street and Montague Place. Council houses, built here in 1934/35, were demolished in 1965 to make way for the Essex Place flats.|
|Crescent Close, Woodingdean||Numbered 5 September 19571.||1ESRO DB/D/27/333|
|Crescent Drive North, Woodingdean||Building of 'rural' dwellings (often of poor quality)1 began in the 1920s. Numbered 12 June 1952 and 6 June 19572.||1http://regencysociety-jamesgray.com/volume33/source/jg_33_092.html
|Crescent Drive South, Woodingdean||Numbered 12 June 1952, 3 May 1955 and 5 December 19571.||1ESRO DB/D/27/155|
|Crescent Place||Close to •Royal Crescent. (Part of 108 Marine Parade on the west side predates Royal Crescent.)
1-2, 11-12 are c 1825 probably by Wilds and Busby. Grade II listed1.
11-12 are Grade II listed2.
13-14 are also possibly by Wilds and Busby.
|Crespin Way, Moulsecoomb||Largest known examples of elm tree Ulmus x Hollandica 'Bea Schwarz' planted here in 19641. Cul-de-sac leading to
Moulsecoomb railway station, opened May 1980 (the first new station in the then British Rail's Southern Region), access to Platform 2 (north-eastbound). See also Queensdown School Road.
|Crest Way, Portslade||Built on the site of the Hove Borough Sanatorium, which had been Foredown Isolation Hospital from its construction in 1883 until 1913. The hospital's water tower in •Foredown Road survives as a local landmark.|
|Cribet, The, Aldrington||1881|
|Croft Road, Withdean||Off Colebrook Road. Laid out by Lawrence Graham & Co in 19281. Numbered 28 August 19482.||1ESRO DB/D/57/878-4
|Cromwell Road, Hove||Willett Estate. The section between Holland Road and Wilbury Villas was known as Vernon Road while under development in the 1880s.
2-36 are Grade II listed1.
|Cromwell Street||Renumbered 20 April 18811.||1ESRO DB/D/27/222|
|Cross Street, Brighton||1839|
|Cross Street, Hove||17 has an early shop front.||1881|
|† Cross Street North||1861|
|Crown Gardens||Small houses.||1826|
|Crown Road, Portslade||1881|
|Crown Street||Built 1820s. Nos 14-15, 19 and 23 are Grade II listed1.||1|
|CULTURAL QUARTER||Appellation since the construction of the Jubilee Library in Jubilee Street for the area that incorporates the library, the Pavilion, the museum and art gallery, the Dome, the Corn Exchange, the Theatre Royal and other buildings. The city council's definition incorporates a much wider area, encompassing everything from the station to the seafront, and from Old Steine westwards, including the Lanes and North Laine.|
|† Cumberland Place||From 43 Edward Street to 68 Carlton Hill. A narrow street of poor housing built soon after 1800 and one of four such adjacent streets demolished in the slum clearance of the mid 1890s for the construction of White Street and Blaker Street.||1851-54|
|Cumberland Road, Preston||Renumbered 23 May 19291.
Belgrave House. 1881.
Clermont, a large house standing alone on the south side until the mid 1880s, gave its name to the Clermont housing development. 1881.
The Cottage. 1881.
Cumberland House. 1881.
|Curwen Place||The Curwen family were the last owners of the Withdean and Tongdean estates; Eldred Curwen lived at Withdean Court. Numbered 4 June 19591.||1ESRO DB/D/27/377|
|Cuthbert Road||Laid out in the early 1880s.|
|† Cyret Place|
Page updated 19 March 2015