|Palace Place||Molesworth House to no 5.
5 is Grade II listed with 12-14 •Pavilion Buildings1.
Castle Inn was designed by John Crunden in 1766. In 1822 the ballroom was converted into a royal chapel when George IV boycotted the Chapel Royal in •Prince's Place after a sermon about immorality caused him offence. The chapel was moved to •Montpelier Place in 1851.
Pressley's. Grade II listed2.
|PALMEIRA||Baron Palmeira was Sir Isaac •Goldsmid, the name assumed on having the Knighthood of the Tower and Sword of Portugal bestowed on him, after a small Portuguese estate attached to the title.|
|Palmeira Avenue, Hove||
12 indentures of 1880 and 1884, deeds of covenant March 19021.
13 was the home of Sir Jack Hobbs (1882-1963), the Surrey and England cricketer and the first to be knighted. He is buried in the Hove cemetery in •Old Shoreham Road. Plaque. An archaeological find in 1857 (during construction?) included an amber cup from the Bronze Age, a stone axe and bronze dagger among other items2.
14 was the home of the suffragette and women's rights campaigner Victoria Lidiard (1889–1992). Marked by a Borough of Hove plaque that was unveiled in 1996 by the Speaker of the House of Commons, Betty Boothroyd.
2Arscott (2002), quoting unidentified newspaper report (1972)
|Palmeira Mansions||see 9-15 and 25-33 Church Road, Hove.|
|†Palmeira Mews, Hove||1881|
|Palmeira Place, Hove|
|Palmeira Square, Hove||The whole, including Palmeira Court, is Grade II listed.
8 Palmeira Court was the home towards the end of his life of Admiral Sir (Edmund) Percy Grant (1867-1952), chief of staff to Second in Command of the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland 1916 and chief of the Australian Naval Staff 1919-1921.
9 Palmeira Court was the home towards the end of his life of Admiral Henry Blackett (1867-1952) and his wife, Hon Pamela Mary Blackett, daughter of Admiral of the Fleet Jackie Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher.
16 was the office of the Wick Estate, which administered the lettings of properties in the square and in •Adelaide Crescent.
|Pankhurst Avenue||Inter-war-years housing development at rear of Brighton General Hospital. The Pankhurst family owned land and property in the area, including the site of the former Southdown Motor Services bus garage in •Freshfield Road. Edward John Pankhurst was a councillor for the Queen's Park Ward and mayor of Brighton in 1921-23.|
|†Paradise Cottages||At 25 Upper Bedford Street.||1851|
|†Paradise Piece||Now vanished part of the Carlton Hill area slums. Pinkie in Graham Greene's Brighton Rock came from here.|
|†Paradise Street||From 23 Upper Bedford Street to 33 Lavender Street.||1851|
|Parham Close||Post-war development named after Sussex village.|
|Park, The, Rottingdean||Numbered 9 March 19481.||1ESRO DB/D/27/280|
|Park Close, Coldean||21 (?) was built in 1956 for the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (Mormon). It closed in 1993 when the new Mormon church opened in •Lewes Road and is now a private residence.||†Park Cottages||1851|
|Park Crescent, Brighton||The land was previously a cricket ground, known as the Prince of Wales Ground when it was donated c1791 by the Brighton Cricket Club's patron, the future king. No matches were played here after September 1792 and the land was later sold for housing development. The crescent was designed by A H Wilds in 1829 around a park but building began only in 1849. The whole is Grade II* listed1. (See also •Union Road.)
24-26 were destroyed by World War II bombing.
44 was the home of dancer Violette Kaye, who was murdered in her basement flat in one of the Brighton trunk murders of 1933 (see also •Kemp Street).
Fuchsia Cottage 1851.
|Park Crescent, Rottingdean||Numbered December 19351.||1ESRO DB/D/27/252 (2 plans)|
|Park Crescent Road||Renamed and renumbered 4 October 18831. Part renamed as Park Crescent Terrace 18 October 18832.||1ESRO DB/D/27/253, DB/D/46/297
|Park Crescent Terrace||Part of Park Crescent Road renamed and renumbered 18 October 18831.
1-6 is the Salvation Army building, opened in 2000, replacing a citadel that was designed by E J Hamilton and opened in 1883.
|†Park Gate, Preston||1881|
|Park Gate, Hove|
Park Hill Evangelical Church was built in 1894 as St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, designed by Herbert Buckwell. It took its current name in 1943.
Royal Spa opened in 1825 as the German Spa to a design by Lorraine for Dr F A Struve and was named in honour of its patron Queen Adelaide in 1835. The pump room was closed in the 1850s but continued for bottling water until 1965 and was demolished in the early 1970s. A nursery school by T R Williams was built on the site in 1978, following a local residents' campaign against a planned casino. Gutted by arson December 1985, re-opened 1987. Grade II listed1.
|†Park Place||A narrow alley behind the east side of •Mount Pleasant built around 1800 but removed in slum clearance in 1935 to allow widening of Mount Pleasant. 1851. Renumbered 20 April 18811.||1|
|Park Road, Coldean||Runs between Moulescoomb Wild Park and Coldean Wood/Stanmer Park. Five-room semi-detached houses built 1938 were the first development in the Coldean area.|
|Park Road, Rottingdean||Numbered December 19351.||1ESRO DB/D/27/347|
|†Park Road East||Original name for •Freshfield Road. Renumbered 20 April 18811.||1ESRO DB/D/27/181|
|†Park Road West||Original name for •Queen's Park Road.|
|Park Road to Race Hill||Renamed Park Road West. Original name for •Queen's Park Road.||1851|
|Park Street||The Park Street Gate is Grade II listed1 as are three lampposts—outside nos 21 and 29 and at the corner of •Eastern Road2.||1851
|Park View Terrace||Off Stanford Avenue. Numbered 6 October 18921.||1ESRO DB/D/27/231|
|Parkmore Terrace, Preston||Cul-de-sac on the south side of and parallel to Dyke Road Drive, so built above a high retaining wall to accommodate the steep slope.||1881|
|Paston Place, Kemp Town|| 1 was the home of popular novelist William Black 1879 to 1898.
Royal Gymnasium, also called St George's Hall, was built in 1864 by Frederick Mohamed when he moved the business from the Waggon and Horses in •Church Street. Grade II listed1.
Sassoon Mausoleum (see also •St George's Road) was built 1892 for Sir Albert Sassoon (see 1 •Eastern Terrace); his body and that of his son Sir Edward Sassoon (d 1912) were removed 1933. The building was an airwair shelter in World War II and added to the Hanbury Arms in 1953. Grade II listed2.
BLEECO lamppost beside 1 •Eastern Terrace is Grade II listed3.
|PATCHAM||'Pecca's settlement' (OE Peccan ham). [An alternative derivation is from patsham, OE for a haunch, from the shape of the hill to the west of the settlement.] An ancient manor and parish, mentioned in Domesday Book. In the reign of Edward the Confessor the substantial estate was owned by Harold, later Saxon King of England (??). The manor, centred on Patcham Court Farm, was owned by the Nevill family from 1439 until its acquisition by Brighton Corporation in December 1925. The other manors in the parish were Moulescoomb, Patcham Court, Patcham Place and Withdean Kayliffe. Farm names: Elm, Holm, Patcham Court, Low Tong Dean, Roedale, Tongdean, Upper Roedale, Upper Varndean, Varndean, Water Hall. Formerly part of Steyning East Rural District, a small part of the parish was absorbed into the County Borough of Brighton in 1923 and a much larger part in 1928 under the Brighton Corporation Act 1927.|
|PATCHAM COURT||One of the manors making up the Patcham parish. Patcham Court Farm (733 acres) was owned by the Marquesses of Abergavenney from 1439 until it was bought by Brighton Corporation in December 1925.|
|PATCHAM PLACE||One of the manors making up the Patcham parish.||1881|
|†Patchamcourt Road, Patcham||Renamed thus 23 January 19361.||1ESRO DB/D/27/11|
|†Patching's Buildings||Patching: local building firm. In 1854 no fewer than four Patchings included paper-hanging among the trades on offer1.||1826
|PATCHWAY||One of the manors that comprised the parish of •Falmer. (Pecca's way?) .|
|†Patriot Place||Former name of •Tilbury Place.||1851|
|Pavilion Buildings||including Carlisle House.
Indian Memorial Gate at the south entrance to the Pavilion grounds, was given to the town in 1921 by the government of India 'in commemoration of her sons who, stricken in Great War, were tended in the Pavilion in 1914 and 1915'. (See also The Chattri off the •A27.) It was opened on 26 October 1921 by the Maharajah of Patiala. The structure, walls and wooden gates are Grade II listed1.
2-3 was designed for Brighton and Hove Herald by John Leopold Denman FRIBA and built in 1932. The relief carvings are by Joseph Cribb. The building was later taken over by Royal Insurance and is currently a restaurant.
4-7 built 1852-53 as terraced houses, now shops and offices. Grade II listed2.
8-11 National Westminster Bank was built 1911 (see 155-158 •North Street). Grade II listed3.
12-14 are Grade II listed with 5 •Palace Place4.
|Pavilion Mews||Between 113 and 114 Church Street. Now gated.||1861|
|Pavilion Parade||Pre 1799.
3-4 were built c1800. Grade II listed1.
3 was the home and consulting rooms of Sir Matthew John Tierney (1776-1845), where he settled in 1802 and was soon appointed physician to the royal household in Brighton. He held increasingly elevated royal positions under the Prince Regent/George IV and William IV. After meeting Edward Jenner in 1798 he became interested in vaccination and was involved in the formation of a vaccine institution in Brighton, the first in the country away from London2.
5 was built late 18th century but with a new front by Amon Wilds and C A Busby c1822-1830. Grade II listed3.
6-11 are Grade II listed4.
Royal Pavilion. [more] The Pavilion estate was sold to the town on 19 June 1850 The cast-iron lamp posts in the grounds are embossed 'WR IV' (for William IV). The Gujerati-style arch at the south end of the driveway, designed by Thomas Tyrwhitt, was erected as a gift of the Indian government and dedicated on 26 October 1921 in thanks for Indian soldiers treated during WWI when the Pavilion was used as a military hospital with 724 beds. (See also Chattri under •A27.) The Royal Pavilion is Grade I listed5. It is among the top British tourist attractions for which an admission charge is made. The Brighton School of Art was founded in the kitchen in 1856 before moving to •Grand Parade.
Three tram shelters. Grade II listed6.
|Pavilion Street||Formerly •Blue & Buff (1799).|
|Payne Avenue, Hove||The land was acquired (after this and four other adjacent road were already laid out in plan), from William Stoneham and Rev George William Kendall on 30 July 1900 by George Payne of Brighton and Edgar Payne of Bayswater, London for £11,3451.
40 was built in 1906 as a chapel of the Society of Dependents (Cokelers), a strongly pacifist sect, associated with the Primitive Methodists and within the Armenian tradition. The chapel, also known as the Christian Meeting Room, closed in 1978 and is now a private residence.
|Peacock Lane||was a drove road, known as Drove Road, The Droveway, The Drove, Hampton's Lane and •Withdean Drove. Renamed 27 July 1933 and 9 November 19331. Numbered 14 November 19502.
Home Farm House see London Road (North).
|Peel Road, Black Rock||Numbered 8 December 19321.||1ESRO DB/D/27/35|
|†Peel Terrace|| to Chichester Lodge. Former name of •Dyke Road between •Seven Dials and •Russell Crescent. 1851.
Beresford Lodge 1851.
St Alban's Lodge 1851.
|Pelham Square||Pelham is the family name of the Earls of Chichester (see •Stanmer Park). The west side, originally •Pelham Terrace, was built in 1856 and named after Lord Pelham of Stanmer (Walter John Pelham, future 4th Earl of Chichester), a Liberal politician; his widow was patron of the Lady Chichester Hospital (see •New Church Road, Hove). The south side (also called Pelham Terrace) and east side were added c.1859-1860. Partly renumbered 7 April 18921. The two K6 type telephone kiosks on the north side are Grade II listed2.
1-12 and 15-24 are Grade II listed3.
25 is Grade II listed with 11-12 •Trafalgar Street4.
|Pelham Street||Formerly known as •St George's Street, the southern part was built in the 1820s, extended northwards in the mid 1840s.|
|Pelham Terrace||see Pelham Square.||1851|
|†Pelham Terrace||Former name for the south and west sides of •Pelham Square.|
|Pembroke Crescent, Hove||The even-numbered houses were designated the Inner Circle, the off-numbered the Outer Circle. It was being built c1899.
Redcliff was the childhood home of the film star Edna Best (1900-1974).
|Percival Terrace, Marine Parade||Built by Cheesman (Sr and Jr) in the 1845-50 on land bought from Thomas Cubitt by William Percival Boxall (cf •Clarendon Terrace).
1-8 are Grade II listed1.
2 was the home in 1851 of the developer William Percival Boxall of •Belle Vue Hall (see also •Clarendon Terrace).
3-4 were occupied by the architect James Knowles (1831-1908) from 1903 until his death on 13 February 1908. Knighted in 1905, he designed Prince's Hotel in Kingsway, Hove and many other buildings in the Stanford estate. He founded the Metaphysical Society, was editor of the Contemporary Review and founder of the journal Nineteenth Century in 1877. His wife remained here until her death in 1916. Plaque.
5 was the final home of Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), the liberal philosopher, who died here on 8 December 1903, having coined the phrase 'survival of the fittest'. Badly worn Brighton Corporation plaque (probably erected late 1920s).
6 was first occupied by Sir William Knighton, only son of Sir William Knighton (1776-1836), Keeper of the Privy Purse to George IV.
|†Petersfield Terrace, Portslade>||A short-lived Roman Catholic mass centre was opened in 1885.||1881|
|Petworth Road, Hollingbury>||The road is constructed of concrete slabs laid by German prisoners-of-war.|
|Phoenix Place||Formerly known as •Waterloo Street North.
Phoenix Brewery Office. Tamplin the brewers moved here after a fire destroyed its brewery in Southwick in 1821—hence the name Phoenix. The red-brick office block was built in 1893. Grade II listed1.
|Picton Street||Renumbered 15 September 18801.||1ESRO DB/D/27/198|
|†Pilgrim's Cottages||See •Spa Street.|
|†Pimlico||The early name for •Tichbourne Street, built in the 1790s on land owned by a Mr Pimm. 1826. 1851 has 'Pimlico or Thomas Street'.|
|Plateau Square||Part of the •New England Quarter development.|
|Plumpton Road||Inter war years pebbledash council housing development named after local Sussex villages (cf, Firle Rd).|
|POETS' CORNER||Area in Hove west of Sackville Road where streets are named after English, mainly Romantic poets: •Byron, •Coleridge, •Cowper, •Shakespeare, •Shelley, •Sheridan, •Wordsworth. (Was this an estate agents' invention?) Immediately to the south-west are roads named after painters. Many of the houses were designed by local architect Thomas Lainson (1825-1898). A plan from late 1952 to develop the whole of this and adjacent areas with 'modern' tower blocks never went beyond the area around •Ellen Street1.||1Arscott (2002): 103|
|†Pool||was a low-lying area at the southern end of the Steine.|
9 was built 1794, faced with mathematical tiles. Formerly a shop, now a residence (??). Grade II* listed1.
Duke of Wellington 1851.
Royal Baths. 1851.
|Pope's Folly, Preston (Hollingdean)||At 2 Hollingdean Road. Built c1881 by Mr Pope.
Retreat, The. 1881.
|†Popham Road||Name for the section of Tongdean Road between Dyke Road Avenue and Tongdean Avenue prior to housing development.1 Derivation uncertain but James Kidwell Popham (1847-1937), right, was pastor of the Galeed Chapel, Brighton for 55 years.||map
1Withdean Estate Plan.
|Poplar Avenue, Hove||The line of the road was determined by the presence of the Dyke railway branch line, which ran to the west of the road.|
|†Poplar Place/Row||Former (popular) name for •Meeting House Lane [but both names in 1826 Ratebook] because of row of six poplar trees, cut down in 1872.
12 Clarence Yard was off here.
|PORT HALL||Area to the east of Dyke Road, north of Old Shoreham Road, takes its name from Port Hall (116 •Dyke Road).|
|Port Hall Avenue|
|Port Hall Close|
|Port Hall Mews||At the rear of 172-178 •Dyke Road, where Port Hall Mill (also known as Cuttress's Mill) stood from 1795 or earlier until 1887. The yard was later used as a laundry and then for a garage1.||1regencysociety-jamesgray.com/volume26/source/jg_26_098.html, retrieved 11 March 2012|
|Port Hall Place||Renumbered 30 October 18841.||1ESRO DB/D/27/220|
|Port Hall Road||Renumbered 1 October 18911.
St Valerie. 1881.
|Port Hall Street||Renumbered 30 October 18841.||1ESRO amsgg/AMS6621/3/36|
|Portfield Avenue, Patcham||Renumbered 30 July 19361.||1ESRO DB/D/27/213|
|Portland Mews||Now gated. The wall and gateway are Grade II listed1.||1851
1-11 were designed by Charles Augustin Busby—part of his last work in Brighton—and built c1826 on land owned by Major Villeroy Russell. Grade II listed1.
12-14 Pearson House replaced the Portland Place mansion of local landowner Major Villeroy Russell, a member of a branch of the Duke of Bedford's family, which burnt down on 12 September 1825, still uncompleted. The three houses then constructed were known as West House, Portland House and Portland Lodge respectively. Brighton College was temporarily houses in no 13 from January 1847 until the •Eastern Road building was ready. No 12 was owned by the •Hallett family for a number of years. The merged houses were re-named Pearson House after acquisition by the St Dunstans Institute at the end of the Great War. After next being vacated and renovated it became NHS Trust premises called Sussex House. Grade II listed2.
15 was the Brighton residence of David Montagu Erskine, 2nd Baron Erskine (1776-1855), diplomat and Minister-Plenipotentiary (Ambassador) to the United States of America 1806-1809. His principal home was at Butler's Green, Sussex. Grade II listed3.
16-25 are Grade II listed4.
|Portland Road, Hove||The Dukes of Portland owned extensive lands in this area, developed from the 1870s onwards.
21-35 were built in 1887 by Mrs Jane Hannah MacDonald as the Williamson Cottage Homes for Ladies.
193 Granada Cinema was designed by H L Hemsley and opened on 17 July 1933 by the mayor of Hove, Victor Hudson, and attended by Anna Neagle. It was renamed the ABC in May 1965 and closed 4 June 1974 and became the Lucky Seven Bingo Hall. In 1976 the Gala Bingo Hall was opened by actress Diana Dors. It finally closed in 2003 and became derelict. Demolished in 2012.
197 West Hove Infant and Junior Schools
209 Elim Pentecostal Church was built in 1929. The foundation stone was laid by the founder of the Elim Foursquare Gospel Alliance, Principal George Jeffrey, on 21 February 1929. It is no longer a place of worship.
Police Seaside Home was built in 1892 with accommodation for 50 men and officially opened in 1893 by the Countess of Chichester.
Hove Methodist Church was designed by John Wills and opened in 1896 with later additions. Grade II listed.
Portslade and West Hove Station. Originally opened May 1840 on a slightly different site but closed 1847. This station was built 1857, originally called Portslade, renamed in April 1927. Grade II listed1.
|†Portland Street East||1851|
|†Portland Terrace||Former name for (124 ?)127-133 Marine Parade.|
|PORTSLADE||The lordship of the manor was bought by Miss Kathleen Concepta Nelson on behalf of the Poor Servants of the Mother of God, an order of Catholic nuns from St Mary's Convent, Roehampton, of which she had been a postulant.|
|†Poune's Court||Street which was on the west side of West Street below Boyces Lane, in which there was a synagogue. Later the Gas Company had the largest building. Poune was the local builder and timber merchant Stephen Poune. The first Jewish synagogue moved here from •Jew Street in 1808 but was dissolved c.1813 when the size of the congregation fell, reviving again in 1821 until moving to •Devonshire Place in 1824.|
|Powis Grove||Built 1848-1853. For the origin of the name see Powis Villas.|
|Powis Road||Built late 1860s.||1861|
|Powis Square||Built 1848-1853. Brighton's only inland Regency style square. The gardens were taken over by Brighton Corporation in 1884.Two K6 telephone kiosks at the west end are Grade II listed1.
1-24 are Grade II listed2.
|Powis Villas||Built 1848-1853.
2-3 are Grade II listed1.
4 Grove House, originally Grove Villa, was built for Brighton ironmonger John Yearsley, who was born at Welshpool in Powys, Wales. He bought the land, which had been in the Kemp family since 1774, for £1,100 from the estate of Thomas Kemp after the latter's death in 1847. Grade II listed2.
5-7 and the coach house of no 5 were donated in 1937 to the Royal Alexandra Hospital in •Dyke Road. Grade II listed3.
8-13 are Grade II listed4.
|Poynings Drive, Hangleton||One of a group of adjoining roads named after Sussex villages.|
|Poynter Road, Hove||Sir Edward Poynter PRA (1836-1919) was an English pre-raphaelite painter, married to the sister-in-law of Edward Burne-Jones (see •High Street, Rottingdean, •Victoria Road, •Washington Street), the uncle by marriage of both Rudyard Kipling and Stanley Baldwin and President of the Royal Academy when the road was built c.1905. One of five Victorian painters commemorated in adjacent streets (the others being •Frith, •Landseer, •Leighton and •Prinsep).|
|PRESTON||'Priests' farmstead' (OE preosta tun). One of the ancient manors and parishes in the area. Domesday Book records it as a possession of the Bishop of Chichester. Housing development from the 1860s onwards was principally the work of Daniel Friend. Formerly part of Steyning East Rural District, incorporated into the Borough of Brighton in 1928.|
Duke of York's Cinema. Brighton's first purpose-built cinema opened on 22 September 1910 and is almost certainly the oldest building in continuous use as a cinema in the country. Designed by C E Clayton, the cinema was founded by Mrs Violet Melnotte Wyatt. She and her husband owned the Duke of York's Theatre in London. The name comes indirectly from Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1763 1827) and long time commander in chief of the army—the Grand Old Duke of York of the nursery rhyme—and younger brother of the Prince Regent. Grade II listed1.
Fire Station opened in 1938.
|Preston Drove||Part of the drove road from Saltdean to Portslade, which continued via •Middle Street, Preston to •The Drove. Renumbered 19 May 19041. Numbered 27 February 19362.
Preston Manor manor was ceded to Queen Elizabeth in 1561 (value: £38 12s 4d). The lessee was Richard •Elrington (d 1569), who was outlived by his wife Mary (née Isley), the widow of William •Shirley of Wiston (c1498-c1551). She bequeathed the Preston estate to her second son, Anthony Sherley (c1546-1624). It stayed in the Shirley family until Sir Richard Shirley died in 1706 and the baronetcy became extinct. The estate was inherited by three sister co-heirs of Sir Richard—Anne, Mary and Judith. Anne married Robert •Western and Mary his nephew Thomas. (Judith never married). The manor remained in the Western family from 1712 until sold in 1754 for £17,600 to William •Stanford. His son William and then his grand-daughter Ellen inherited in turn. From Ellen's marriage to Vere Fane Benett came a son, John Montague Benett-Stanford but to prevent john inheriting and exploiting the estate, Ellen's second husband, Charles Thomas-Stanford, bought the manor from his wife's trustees in 1925 and gave it to the town on condition it remained a museum. In the same year the Corporation bought the frontage to Preston Drove and Preston Road for £5,000. Two elm trees in the grounds are believed to be the oldest in the world, dating from c.1150. Grade II* listed3 with the walls and the ruined wellhouse (aka Donkey Wheel, c1735).
St Peter's Church, in the grounds of the manor, dates from 1260—although there is a reference to a church here in Domesday Book—and has some medieval wall paintings, which survived a major fire in 1906, after which it was restored by P M Johnston. Heavily restored by James Woodman in 1872, with a south vestry and restored chancel by Ewan Christian of 1878. The church closed in 1988 and is in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. It is Grade II* listed4, as are four tombs in the churchyard5 and the lamppost north of the entrance6.
|Preston Park||Large park of 67 acres to the north of Brighton town centre but south of •Preston was laid out in the mid 1880s on walled meadow land sold to Brighton Corporation in 1883 by Ellen Stanford of Preston Manor for £50,000. (It had been offered for £30,000 seven years earlier.) The money, including the £22,868 landscaping costs, came from a £70,000 bequest by local bookmaker William Edmund Davies. The park was officially opened on 8 November 1884. The clock tower, designed by Francis May, was unveiled by the mayor, Joseph Ewart on 17 June 1892. It was funded by Edward White, whose initials are on the tower. Polo games were played on the Polo Ground at the north-west end of the farm by cavalry officers from Preston Barracks in •Lewes Road until 1939. In the latter part of the 19th century, the International Gun and Polo Club Grounds were next to •Preston Drove between •Preston Park Avenue and the Preston Manor grounds, where the running track is now. On the south-west side a statue commissioned by Brighton Council from Peter Webster to the Olympic medal-winning athlete Steve Ovett was unveiled in 1987 and was then the most expensive public sculpture in the city, having cost £25,000; it was sawn off and stolen on the first weekend in September 2007, only the right foot remaining. The Rockery on the other side of the main road was created in 1935 from wooded land where rooks gathered, giving its original name of The Rookery. It is the largest municipal rock garden in the country.|
|Preston Park Avenue||Houses unoccupied in 1881-831, slowly developing later in the decade. Part numbered 7 March 19012.
39 was the billet where in 1944 Rex Whistler (1905-1944), then an officer in the Welsh Guards, painted Allegory: H.R.H, the Prince Regent Awakening the Spirit of Brighton (dated 5-7 June 1944) and King George IV in oils on the wallpaper. Whistler was killed in action as a tank commander in Normandy on 18 July 1944. The paintings were removed and are now in Brighton Museum and Art Gallery.
Whistler Court commemorates Rex Whistler.
|Preston Road||The continuation of •London Road between •Preston Circus and •Preston Drove. Main development in late 1870s. Numbers were added to house names in the late 1880s.
For about 30 years from 1765 there was a tea garden among the elm trees on the south side of the junction with •Preston Drove, adjacent to Preston Manor.
40 was the premises of Magnus Volk, electical engineer, from when first listed in 1878 to 1883.
66 was Balliol House. 1878.
Preston Road Board Schools, now part of City College.
Houses north of Dyke Road Drive had names until they acquired numbers later in the 1880s. The sequences from south to north are as follows, with the house numbers given later and the year when first listed in a street directory.
Between Springfield Road and Stanford Avenue
Claude Villa. 1883.
Bicton House. 1881.
Park Gate. 1883.
103 Parkmore. 1883
105 Evelyn House. 1883
107 Hillmara House. 1883
108 Preston Park Lodge. 1883
Villas listed in 1880:
131 The Elms.
139 Lea Mount, renamed Sea Mount by 1882
141 Denmark House .
Most of the following remained unnumbered until at least 1890
Streatley, renamed Stoneleigh by 1882.
The Limes. 1878.
Joy Villa. 1877. Mountjoy Villa. 1880. Not in 1882
Spring Croft. 1878.
165 Belmont, originally a gentlemen's school. 1878, later the home of a builder called Ben Saunders, who donated the house to become Kitchener's Home for Soldiers' and Sailors' Children, for orphans that received war pensions.
The Grove. 1880.
Here is Lover's Walk
Mount Rose . 1878, renamed Montrose by 1882.
Glendale gentlemen's school. 1878-1879 only. May have become Kenmare.
Box Grove. 1877.
Fairlight. The home of William •Stroudley, railway engineer. 1878.
Bosviga and Lodge. The home of William •Stroudley, railway engineer. 1880-82.
Fernside. 1887 only.
A series of villas occupied the east side from the then borough boundary behind •Harrington Road to about where •Withdean Crescent is now. From south to north these houses were called Grove Lodge, St John's, Woodslee, Hartford Villa, Withdean Lodge (which itself had a lodge/gatehouse on Preston Road), Withdean House, Fir Croft, Effingham Lodge, Laine House and Withdean Hall.
Anston House, which fell into disuse in 1987, was voted the ugliest building in Sussex in 2003.
Effingham Lodge, Fir Croft and Laine House were three adjacent Victorian villas built c.1860 that were acquired by Brighton Corporation and sold for development. They were demolished c.1972 and the •Varndean Drive ('Golden Acres') estate was built on the site.
Manor Farm. 1881.
The Mount. 1881.
Preston House, to the east of the road, was a residence of Anne of Cleves, one of the wives of Henry VIII. (??)
Withdean Court flats occupy the site of Withdean House, later called Hatch Beauchamp, build c.1870 in grounds of three and a half acres adjoining •Varndean Road. The house was demolished in 1937 and a block of 79 flats built.
Withdean Hall. See The •Approach.
†Withdean Lodge was a substantial Victorian villa in grounds of about four acres built in the 1860s when it was owned by the Misses Gregory, five sisters of whom two founded a home for lost and starving dogs (see 2-4 •Robertson Road). The house was requisitioned for troop billets during the Second World War. It was demolished at the same time as Cliveden and the Grosvenor Court flats were built on the site. The round lodge house, which could be mistaken for a toll booth, the stable block and vinery remain. A drinking fountain in memory of Juliana Gregory was placed by the remaining sisters in 1897 further north, close to •Surrenden Field.
197 Preston Tap pub, formerly the Brewery Tap, was built in 1888 adjoining the brewery (see •Preston Village Mews). It replaced a clapboard brewery building.
199 Acacia House was built of knapped flint as a farmhouse in the 18th century. In the late Edwardian period it became a dining room and is now occupied by a firm of solicitors. Grade II listed1.
200-205 were designed by Charles Stanley Peach (see •Lauriston Road).
213 Crown & Anchor has been here since no later than 1711. It was here that the inquest on Celia Holloway (see •Lover's Walk) was held in 1832. The Preston Parish Workhouse stood at the rear. A new hotel was built by Smithers & Sons in 1886, with bed and breakfast accommodation, a gymnasium and the Preston Assembly Hall at the rear. The gymnasium, where noted boxers including Tommy Farr (see 59 •Queen's Road), Terry Downs and Don Cockel trained, was demolished in the 1960s.
216 Preston Park Hotel was originally a private house called Selbourne, then Norbury. After the widening of London Road in the mid 1930s it became the Methuen House Nursing Home and in the 1960s a hotel.
227-231 were bombed during the Second World War. No 231 was designed by C S Peach.
253 Preston Court was the childhood home of interior decorator Herman Schrijver (1904-1972).
Church of St John the Evangelist at the corner of •Knoyle Road was built in the garden of the vicarage of St Peter's church (see •Preston Drove). It was designed by A W Blomfield and dedicated on 26 October 1902. It became the Preston parish church in 1908. Grade II listed2EH.
Preston Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club has been on the north corner of •Preston Drove since c.1925. The city council owns the site.
Railway viaduct was built in 1846. It was damaged by a bomb during a raid by a squadron of 24 Focke Wulf 190 fighter-bombers on 25 May 1943, which left a section of track hanging in the air3. Grade II* listed3.
Towergate flats were built on the site of Tivoli House, which was demolished in September 1988, and in the grounds of Tower House [qv], which in turn had formed part of the pleasure grounds that stretched westwards from London Road to beyond the railway line. First opened as Strawberry Tea Gardens in the early 1830s, they became Tivoli Gardens in 1852—taking the name ultimately from at Villa d'Este the gardens near Rome, although the name Tivoli was also used for fashionable gardens in Paris and Copenhagen, the latter having been so named as recently as 1843.
|Preston Street|| Build 1820s. Renumbered 18 August 18911, 6 April 18992 and 7 May 19013.
5 is Grade II listed4.
58 is Grade II listed5.
59 was the boarding house featured in Hilda Lessways (1911), the second volume of Arnold Bennett's Clayhanger trilogy. 'No. 59 was not even semi-detached, but one of a gaunt, tall row of stuccoed and single-fronted dwellings. It looked like a boarding-house, and . . . not all the style of George Cannon's suit and cane and manner, as he mounted the steps, nor the polish of his new brass-plate, could redeem it from the disgrace of being a very ordinary boarding-house.'
60 is Grade II listed6.
66 Royal Sovereign Hotel was an early 19th century terraced house. Grade II listed7.
67 was built c1818 and is probably by Amon Wilds and Amon Henry Wilds. Grade II listed with 22-25 Regency Square8.
79 Regency Cottage dates from the 1820s and is probably by Wilds and Busby.
Sovereign Inn. 1851.
|Preston Village Mews||Built off •Middle Road in 1996 by T J Braybon & Son on the company's builder's yard, on the site of a brewery that is reflected in the name of the Preston Tap pub (formerly Brewery Tap) on •Preston Road. The brewery dated back to the 18th century and was owned by local landowner Bartholemew Smithers.|
|PRESTONVILLE||The middle-class housing development north of •Seven Dials in the southern part of •Preston village with the coming of the railway attracted this name. The principal developer was Daniel Friend.|
|Prestonville Road||Built by Daniel Friend in the 1860s. The southern section was formerly known as •Cobden Place. Eric Gill lived here
12A/B retain original shop fronts, although now private residences.
15 was the birthplace of C B (Sir Charles Blake) Cochran (1872-1951), the theatrical impresario and pioneer of the intimate revue. Plaque.
|Prestonville Terrace||Incorporated in Old Shoreham Road 30 August 19381.||1881
|Prince Albert Street||Built 1842-47. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1819-1961) married Queen Victoria in 1840.
1-8 were built c1842. Grade II listed1.
10-13 were terraced houses dating from the late 18th century, now shops. Grade II listed2.
14 was partly renumbered as 13a and 13b 20 October 18923.
15 is Grade II listed4.
15b is a shop of the 1890s. Grade II listed5.
16 was included in the Nile Pavilions Development by Robin Clayton Partnership (1989), Grade II listed6.
17-17a are Grade II listed7.
18-19 are Grade II listed8.
20, 21, 21a and 21b are Grade II listed9.
22-23 are Grade II listed with 1 •Nile Street10.
24 is Grade II listed with 41-41A •Market Street11.
|Prince's Avenue, Hove>||no apostrophe?|
|Prince's Crescent, Hove>||137 •Kingsway was originally designated 1 Prince's Crescent. no apostrophe? Renumbered 20 April 18811 and 27 March 18842.||1ESRO DB/D/27/191
|Prince's Place||Leads from the Chapel Royal into the south end of the Royal Pavilion estate. The name was in use before 1799. Renumbered 22 May 19191.||1ESRO DB/D/27/82|
|Princes Road||Renumbered 20 April 18811.||1ESRO DB/D/27/182|
|Prince's Square, Hove>||no apostrophe?|
|Prince's Street||Formerly (1799) ran at right angles to •Pavilion Parade.
18-20 are Grade II listed1.
Former Parochial Offices of the Board of Guardians and Registrar were designed by Nunn & Hunt, are dated 1894 and opened May 1895. The name is carved above the entrance. Grade II listed2.
|†Prince's Terrace||Numbered 23 May 19351.||1ESRO DB/D/27/15|
|Prinsep Road, Hove||Val (Valentine Cameron) Prinsep RA (1838-1904) was an Indian-born English pre-raphaelite painter and nephew of the photographer Julia Margaret Cameron. One of five Victorian painters commemorated in adjacent streets (the others being •Frith, •Landseer, •Leighton and •Poynter).|
|†Prospect Place||Former name for •St Peter's Place.||1826|
|†Prospect Row||Former name of the section of •St James's Street between •George Street and •High Street (late 1790s). It included a temporary catholic mission until a chapel was built 1806/07 in •High Street.|
|Providence Place, Brighton||1861|
|†Providence Place, Hove|
|Pudding Bag Wood||On the south-west side of Stanmer Park includes three sites scheduled as National Monuments by English Heritage: earthworks that formed a prehistoric (possibly neolithic) linear boundary1 with a Bronze Age bowl barrow2 and the site of a round barrow3.||1EH: 402124
Page updated 2 June 2014